The catfish is the biggest predator in our waters. Its elongated body is covered with dense small scales, with a huge head and mouth filled with small but sharp teeth, two long whiskers on the top and four short beards. Catfish able to swallow prey that is not much inferior in size and weight, but it happens very rarely, usually its prey are small bottom fish, mussels and crabs. Previously rare, but there were catfish, weighing more than 300 kilograms at a length of more than 4 meters. Currently, such cases are not recorded. Under favorable conditions, the availability of food and the weight of catfish in the age of four are about two and a half kilos in eight catfish weighs about 16 kg, in 15 years reaches a weight of 40-50 kg, and lived for about 20 years, gaining weight to 120 kg. Catfish average live 25-35 years.
So where to catch a catfish? The main feature of catfish that he does not like the heat. If the water is heated to 12-15 degrees, it almost stops moving, and falls into a stupor. On hot summer days the catfish is hiding in a hole under the roots of trees and the stones in the deep cold layers of water. During this time, she fed little catfish. Only in the dark summer nights can leave their shelter to search for food. At this time of catfish will roam and hunt alone all night. After he is satisfied, with the coming of dawn catfish lie down in his hole and can remain motionless, in a state of half-sleep, a week or more. Therefore, in summer, in hot weather, catfish caught extremely rare.
Habitat catfish is the Caspian, Aral Sea, the Azov and Black Seas. Russia has a large population of catfish in the North Caucasus is of Stavropol and Krasnodar region. Very large catfish are more common in the Volga delta. In the basin of the Arctic Ocean catfish do not occur, and there purposefully to catch catfish is not necessary, although there have been cases where the mouths of rivers, the network across the soma – giant.
Most often it inhabits, and to catch catfish in large water bodies should be, away from the fast-flowing, deep pits and whirlpools. Soma takes refuge under fallen trees, sunken underwater and formed a windbreak, here in such places, and worth trying to catch catfish. In the rivers of the place of fallen trees and other obstacles will be his refuge on the course and at the same time a place for an ambush. Catfish loves fast flowing only during hunting. The pit in which he lives, as a rule, one side goes into the channel; the other always faces toward the shallows.
Catfish leaves its possession only during spawning and autumn movements in the wintering grounds. If soma likes the place where he remains virtually the entire season and leaves him alone for a while to find food, so to catch catfish is not the best idea.
If the density of catfish in the river or lake is large, or adverse conditions – shallow, muddy bottom, a lot of dense algae, lack of food resources, competition from other predators, and it is in this place, under these conditions, the weight of Somalia is not more than 2-5 kg . As recently very thriving poaching, catfish can live to old age. It is not often catch a catfish weighing about 100 kg. The rivers of catfish can reach a weight of 15-20 kg, in lakes and ponds – less than 5-7 kg, provided good fodder.
Catfish and eel are two different species, though very similar. But they have common characteristics and functional characteristics. Catfish and eel duty of the underwater world. Despite significant differences, they have a certain resemblance and explicitly considering the same type. Baits like frogs, small fish, meat, worm’s pleasure for both species.
And catfish and eel are found in the lower layers of the underwater kingdom, equally avoid the muddy bottom, prefer to be in clean running water. They are not gregarious fish but under the right conditions and sufficient food base of small sections of the waters of the reservoir there is an excessive density of the same age and of the same weight, which is fully tolerant of each other. Both fish homebody, supporters once selected location. This ends the similarities and the differences begin.
Somalia and burbot cannot stand side by side. Catfish is easy to handle with a small burbot. Burbot hunts only in the lower tiers, and more often at the bottom. Catfish can be and look for food like at the bottom, and on the surface.
40% of fodder catfish fry is different fish. Catfish weighing up to 10 kg will attack the flock rudd and other small fish. Once it reaches more weight, virtually stops in motion to prosecute the fish and attacks his victims only from ambush. Big catfish can suck in their prey with the flow of water at a distance of more than one meter. In this he resembles a whale.
Catfish weighing more than 30 kg is quite conservative and moves in search of food, usually the same paths. Very rarely approaches the coast in search of small fish or frogs. Soma at the age of 1-3 years takes the coastal strip, small coves and bays. They are the largest invaders for your bait; it does not matter of vegetable or animal origin of it.
If a strong decrease in temperature of water catfish rolled into a deep pit and wintering completely stop feeding. With the onset of winter freezes catfish in his shelter, and is virtually paralyzed until the spring. Once the water is heated to 10-12 degrees, you can safely go to catch catfish, do not forget to bring along a good attractant for this species.