Activators for fishing - a special group of substances that cause the attention of the fish and attract them to the place of fishing. The terms of such compounds are very broad. To interest the fish and get her to look for food - not the same thing. There are many cases when the promoters attract fish to the bait, but bite it at the same time does not want to.
This is due to the fact that the majority of promoters not affect fish appetite and digestion, they only attract their attention. There are cases, and ichthyologists they know where a chemical compound collected all the specimens, such as carp, which are in an artificial basin. However, none of the carp did not want to take any of the feeds provided by him.
Activators for fishing can be divided into useful (in terms of angler) and useless, and even harmful. That is, the ones that attract the fish and do not affect her appetite, and those that attracts, but beat off appetite. However, all is not so simple with useful substances.
The positive effect of the action of useful activators occurs when the fish is attracted to the point of catching desirable edible parts of bait and varnish bait on the hook snap. When the activator concentration in the bait is very high, the fish bait is about looking for something a little more tasty than the bait and do not bite.
Ultra-high activator concentration may even scare away the fish. Therefore, they should be treated very carefully. As activators for fishing typically use various cyclic ethers, polysaccharides and amino acids, and in everyday language - various extracts from plants and animal organs that are rich hormones (liver, pancreas, blood, gametes).
Activators, issued especially for fishing, manufacturing firms are diluted to the desired concentration to fisherman, accidentally overdosed in attractant bait, did not spoil the catch. Activators sprays are often used in order to make it more attractive bait on the hook.
Somehow I felt unfamiliar bait me, and she was so attractive to carp and carp, which bite at their usual canned corn and barley have become very cautious. And if not the lightest equipment, bites it simply would not be visible.
When I after a while tired of the constant jerking, touch the bait fish, I injected into the jar with corn decent dose spray called "worm flavor." The result was not long in coming. Each grain of corn began to bring in the fish tank once a kilogram of fish.
Flavors much akin attractants, but they do not act on the fish smell and its taste. The flavor, as a seasoning, makes the taste of the bait and packing more attractive to fish. As most commonly used flavorings amino acids of vegetable origin.
In many cases, extracts from plants, such as garlic, oil cake, berries, mint, thyme or dill, combine the quality and flavors and attractants. Use of chemically pure substances as flavorings or attractants no sense. Firstly, it is very expensive; Secondly, they are difficult to dose; thirdly, it is difficult to predict what kind of concrete material today and in these conditions for the fish taste.
Therefore, manufacturers have already diluted the mixture of flavors and attractors with one or another major component (vanilla, cinnamon, anise and others). It is important not only that you add to the bait, but how, and at what time of the year. The solids were added to a dry bait and liquid - in the water, which will raise the bait to the desired consistency.
Very convenient flavor sprays, because they are easy to handle another batch of bait and bait into the water before sending. Only need to remember that most of the flavors in a concentrated form to instantly kill the moth. Therefore it is better to drip flavor on the finger for processing moth and worm, and then smear it on the bottoms and the walls of the container in which the bait is kept.
This method is particularly effective in winter. Adding flavorings and attractants to bait. Liquid attractants and fragrances are best added in the evening before catching bait. Then, the liquid components are well soak crackers, bran and oil cake and will be washed out in the water is not so fast. If this is not possible, then, arriving at the site of fishing, preparation for it should start with the preparation of bait.
While bait impregnated with water and reaches the desired consistency and you will have time to prepare a place for fishing, and expanded gear. The dry ground bait mix is poured into a bucket. Separately, in a small vessel, an aqueous solution of flavorings and attractants, which was poured into dry bait and mixed thoroughly?
And only after that added water from the reservoir. With the addition of each portion of water the bait mixed thoroughly. Once the bait begins to cling to the balls you can proceed to the preparation of gear. Twenty minutes later, you need to check the consistency of the bait. If the water is soaked bait components, and it has remained rather dry, you need to add very little water.
To check the consistency of the prepared bait should slap the ball and throw it into the water near the feet. Ball lying at the bottom has to fall apart in a few seconds. It is useful to observe that the bait will be an example of this "trial balloon." Would not it be bait spot too light on the background of the bottom, would not pop-up from her bloodworm as turbidity will rise from clay.
At this stage, better to adjust the composition of the bait as there is opportunity and time. If the current is very strong, you need to sculpt a dozen two or three equal-sized balls and put them in a separate bucket or basin. While there are last preparations for fishing, bait balls dry out, become denser, stronger and more accurately reach the point of catching on the bottom of the pond.
And after falling into the water, they quickly absorbed the right amount of water. If you are not an expert, do not mix different liquid flavors, because the reaction may occur as a result of which are obtained chemicals, scaring the fish. Do not use old, spoiled, rotten, sour and rancid components.
This particularly applies to oil cake, the oil that burned, that is oxidized in air. When you need bait, which gives a lot of turbidity, for example, when catching small roach or bleak, add milk. It needs to be added to the ready-mixed with water bait. If you add milk or egg powder to the dry mixture, it can get very dense bait.
The same applies to the oatmeal. If you are going to add a large number of bait maggots and bloodworms, keep in mind that they are very loose bait, and lumps may fall apart in flight. It has long been observed that those baits that work well in the summer, winter or do not work, or even cause a negative reaction, especially fish, in search of food enjoying greater sense of smell than touch or sideline.
It seems to me that there is a role to play by two factors. First, in the summer and spring waters in the fall pollen, berries, grains and spores, and the fish gets used to these fragrant substances, many of which are part of their natural diet. I often add to the bait berries gathered on the shore, and each time convinced of their effectiveness.
In winter, these unnatural additives. Secondly, in the summer the fish diet is largely composed of caloric plant components, so the fish respond well to bread, cakes, cereals, worms. In winter, the activity of life processes in fish reduced, and for the maintenance of life, or they slowly burn their fat stores, or eat small crustaceans and larvae, but not plants.
From this, it can be assumed that in the winter and autumn fragrances must either be applied in minute amounts, or is not used at all. At this time should be drastically reduced, and the concentration of attractants as winter fish reduced appetite and "activator" of appetite can alert and scare away the fish.
On the other hand, in winter sharply role in animal bait additives such as crank and fresh meat of the fish. The water temperature and the amount of flavorings and attractants. Composition of feeding should be adjusted not only depending on the season, but also taking into account the water temperature.
It is noticed, for example, carp poorly perceives the presence of the bait and attractant flavors strong, if the water temperature is below + 12 ° C. Maybe it's due to the sensitivity threshold fish "smell", and can be, and the diffusion rate of bait flavors. When slow diffusion of the local concentration of the additive directly to the bait can be very high, and it will scare away the fish.
For each species of fish in the water has its own temperature limit at which they move from the period of "hibernation" to an active lifestyle and nutrition, or, conversely, from the "sleepy heat" for an active life during the cold snap. And the composition of baits on either side of this temperature limit is significantly different among themselves.
Even if short-term cold snap or warming water due to changes in the weather, heavy rain, wind, or a sharp change of flow rate, which stirred the surface and bottom layers in the water, almost always there is change in the activity of the fish. And it makes to adjust not only the quantity but also the composition of the bait.
By reducing the activity of the fish is required to reduce the concentration of flavors, but (though not always) increase the amount of attractants and readily available ingredients for animal fish. Although this rule is the set of exceptions.
Kind of fish and bait components. Fish each type has its attachments in relation to a particular concentration of additives in the bait. But there are certain components baits that are irrespective of the reservoir better lure fish of a particular species. So, bream like millet porridge, ground corn and corn bread crumbs, oatmeal and egg powder.
The bait for roach must be present sunflower meal, milk powder, anise and biscuits, as well for carp and crucian carp - bagasse, corn, cocoa and peanuts (just note that according to European regulations on the use of peanuts when fishing for carp is prohibited, due to the fact that fish it hard to digest and the sick). The bottom line is that the tastes of different types of fish are different.
The same applies to the components of animal baits. Moreover, the taste of the fish and depending on their size. Components such as milk and egg solids are generally effective at catching smaller fish.
Larger specimens prefer corn, potatoes and cereals. The ratio of components in the feed bait for various fishing conditions, as well as flavorings and attractants content largely depends on all the above factors, the time, water temperature, fish size and species, and even water hardness.