Sturgeon is found in the North Atlantic Ocean, off the coasts of Europe and America, as well as in southern European seas: the Mediterranean, the Black and Azov. Sturgeon - one of the oldest fish in the world - refers to a subclass fish. The most characteristic feature of the structure of sturgeon is five rows of bony scutes on the back, sides and belly of the fish. Living sturgeon alone, only during spawning are favored. Sturgeon reaches a length of 3-6 m, its weight may be 300-500 kg. Despite these figures, items weighing more than 100 kg, are extremely rare. For example, the Russian sturgeon weighs 20 to 40 kg.
Most of the species of sturgeon - communicating. From the sea in the spring he goes to the river to spawn. At this time, he does not eat. Spawning occurs most often in June and July, on a solid bottom in the deeper parts of the river, when the water temperature from 13 to 20 ° C. During the year, the fry of falling into the sea. At the end of the first year of life fry reaches a length of 15 cm, at the end of the second - 30 cm.
Juvenile sturgeon feeds on insect larvae, small benthic fauna, and small fish: sardines and gerbils.
There are 19 species of sturgeon, including Atlantic sturgeon, Russian sturgeon, Siberian sturgeon, white sturgeon, and others. Sturgeons have a high morphological variability - depending on the environment they have different growth rates and age of puberty. A curious feature of the sturgeon is that they live more than 100 years.
The fate of the sturgeon in XX century in Europe proves the rule: that it is easy to destroy, - it is difficult to restore. Fishers in countries such as France, England, Germany, will have to wait more than ten years before the sturgeon will reappear in the rivers in which they were carried out once.
Mass catch dams rivers have led to the extinction of, or a sharp decline in the population of most species of sturgeon in Europe and Asia. Because of the delicacy of taste of fish and caviar sturgeon right to dispose of flocks in the UK, Sweden and Norway referred to the privileges of the royal families. Small flocks of sturgeon live in some of France's rivers (Garonne), Spain and Georgia.
Currently, in many countries, including France and Italy, continue to restore the population. In addition to the species of sturgeon that migrate from the sea to the river, there are also sedentary forms, such as the one that was driven once in Lake Ladoga. Of the 27 species of sturgeon found in two-thirds of Eurasia, one-third - in America.
White sturgeon is found in North America, the rivers flowing into the Pacific Ocean, as well as in the Fraser River in British Columbia, on the border with the state of Washington. He can grow up to 6 meters and weigh 1,000 kg. However, most fish caught from 3 to 4 m in length and weighing about 500-600 kg. It has also been estimated that white sturgeon fisherman caught a length of 3.30 meters and weighing 320 kg, was more than 150 years.
All fish caught in the above-mentioned rivers, to be released again. Perhaps that is why anglers from around the world this place is considered to be "Eldorado the sturgeon."
Eyes sturgeon. Eyes small sturgeon, located in the upper part of the head. Sturgeon has difficulty seeing. To search for food use antennae on the lower side of the head.
Fins sturgeon. Dorsal fin sturgeon strongly shifted back from the tail strongly elongated upper with characteristic scales. The first ray of pelvic fin looks like a bone spike.
The body of the sturgeon. In sturgeon and elongated fusiform body shape. Scales absent. The body protects the powerful 5 series of diamond-shaped bony plates - scutes, as well as small bone formation.
Head and sturgeon's mouth. Head elongated, cone-shaped or sword-shaped snout. Retractable mouth is located at the bottom of the head. On the downside, 4 tactile antennae. Teeth missing.
Where is Sturgeon?
Speaking of places where you can meet the Atlantic sturgeon in the rivers, we emphasize that at present, this type of fish is included in the Red Book of Russia, France, Spain, Poland and Germany.
Sturgeon explores large open oxbow lake. He is looking for food on the bottom, next to the plants, as well as hunts for small fish. He grabs frogs, snakes, lizards. Maybe grab large fishing bait. A small sturgeon (up to 70 cm in length) explores all the oxbow lake, even the small creek.
Sturgeon thrive mainly flow. Here, the best place for feeding sturgeon is underwater scythe. At any time it hunts for fish and food from the bottom collects in any part plaits at the edge, the bottom and on the boundary of the flow.
Here is the biggest sturgeon feed. On these subjects live small organisms that readily fed sturgeon. Happy fish timid and behaves very cautiously here, even at night swims in shallow water
Sturgeon explores coastal dumping of any size and depth. Among the stones he was looking for fish trifle and gathers them with small animals. Regardless of the current strength sturgeon explores slope dumping and its base. In the case of dumping shallow (about 2 m) he also feeds at the bottom of a few meters away from her.
The space between the dams
Here sturgeon often during the day and at night. Sturgeon examine a thin layer of mud, rocks and sand, is a variety of foods here. He repeatedly swims along the vegetation strips, eating a variety of animals, such as amphibians and small fish attacking. Day at this point sturgeon fearful.
At the bottom in shallow water with slow current
Slow mainstream, to a depth of 2 m, contributes to the bottom of life. Sturgeon is often fed in such places and in small rivers often located in the main stream. Shallow he explores in deserted places and after dark.
The mouth of the inflow area
The flat inflow carries a lot of food; sturgeon swam cleverly enough food and lying. He is constantly moving. For a long time in the mixing zone is fed water, swims in the influx of willing. If the influx of small, the sturgeon comes in it day and night swims only in deserted places.
Shoal River attracts a large flock of fry and small fish, and the slow flow and plenty of sunlight contribute to the biological diversity at the bottom, so the shelf becomes a good place for sturgeon feeding. In the absence of people sturgeon fed here in the afternoon. At dusk and at night its activity increases dramatically.
Where to catch sturgeon
Increasingly found in the rivers the sturgeon is protected, but the toll in ponds can catch Siberian sturgeon weighing over 15 kg. This fish is fiercely resistant. Sturgeon during the rest is hidden in the deepest place, especially in summer. Boat may need to search deep places. It may also help bathymetric map. At the remote location, you can take a tackle on the boat, only when used with braid or stretch of line (carp, feeder). Lure can also use a boat or a spring feeder. It is necessary to use a sliding tackle.
Sturgeon - moving fish, he needs a lot of oxygenated water, so it is like to be in places infusion inflow reservoir, whose waters are rich in oxygen. Fishing in this place can be difficult due to the strengthening of the bottom of the large stones. Before throwing bottom gear you need to check the bottom. The bait should be firmly glued to the water is not carried her beyond the reach of a fishing rod.
Soft bottom for feeding sturgeon - here he finds the insect larvae. Open bottom allows you to use a variety of fishing rods: Donkey with electronic signaling device, feeders, floats tackle. When choosing a reload Donkey is necessary to consider the hardness of the bottom. We recommend using a flat sinker with as large an area or moving endpoint snap, "helicopter" or distributed additional loading on the lateral leash.
Depth turning into shallow water gradient, a good place for sturgeon. In the evening and at night it attacks from this small fish, which are a significant part of its diet. The bait should be put on the bottom, because the sturgeon hunts for fish to move from the bottom. As the need to use bait or worms fillet with intense odor. You can use bait.
Shallow depth of 1 meter - a good place for sturgeon feeding, you can use the with an electronic signaling device. To increase the chances of catching the sturgeon, even before dusk you want to apply a very small bait to attract small fish. To no small fish swam in catching sturgeon, moderate use bait.
Place fishing in the lake teeming underwater slides. This may be a slide, covered with plants, or a solid, rocky hill with clam colony. Sturgeon swims here to feed. Bait throw on top of the hill, if it is solid, and the slope, free from the plants when they grow on top. The best result is the use of Donkey with a trough.
Place intensive carp bait
When fishing for carp bait intensively used in the process of fishing, when the large catch or record copies. If bait for carp like sturgeon, he eats it, so you can catch from where carp caught when the available space. On the first day of fishing should not be used once the whole bait. Use large meat bait (such as fillets 3 cm to 5 cm), so I did not eat carp bait.
The best results are achieved at dusk and in the evening, when the small ruffs and perches go to feed. Sturgeon often eats ruffs, so ruff should be used as bait (can be in the form of fillets). The bait should be cast on the border and the shallow water depth on a sandy, pebble or rocky bottom.
Catching sturgeon on paid ponds
Fishing for sturgeon fishing has long been a favorite in Russia. It still retains a hefty popularity. While catching sturgeon in natural waters is prohibited to fishermen service - set of specially stocked ponds.
Paid ponds - ideal solution for urban fisherman, hardly find time on your favorite activity. In terms of diversity and quality of the fish they are in no way inferior to the northern and Far Eastern natural water bodies. Here you can find the catch for all tastes, and it is not necessary either to go to distant lands or to sacrifice the comfort of the city.
History sturgeon ponds
History is specially stocked ponds has many thousands of years. Even in the XXV century BC in China began to organize artificial ponds for carp. The Russian fishery story begins roughly with the era of Ivan the Terrible. King belonged to the many fishing ponds and lakes, which he bestowed, approached for special services. These ponds served the state of fish farmers, many of whom were even specially invited from abroad.
It is curious that until the XX century considered a delicacy only the sturgeon meat and caviar are not valued at all. Ivan the Terrible thing continued and other kings. Boris Godunov gave to his family estate huge pond area of 83 ha, which bred sturgeon. Most fish farming has reached unprecedented proportions when Alexis. Overall, in the palace of the farm, there were 58. In their arrangement used most advanced waterworks.
Boyar and monastery grounds also tried to keep up with the king. Russian pond farming in the XVII century was famous throughout Europe. They facilitated Fisheries and Peter I, where he was engaged and personally. In the waters of Peterhof he raised sturgeon and new, specially endemic kind of carp. In Ropsha ponds was carried out another project of the Emperor - breeding trout.
Industrial scale cultivation of sturgeon reached only at the end of the XIX century. Prior to this, fisheries served mainly the imperial table. In 1869, psychologist Philip Ovsyannikov first successfully carried out in vitro fertilization of eggs sterlet. This discovery has allowed to significantly increasing the volume of farmed products. In 1913, already 6 specialized hatcheries were in Russia, and by the 1950s, their number increased to 46.
Despite this long history of stocking reservoirs, ponds were first paid for only about 40 years ago. In the 1990s begin to appear private ponds. Their advantages are obvious: the reservoirs more fishermen-neighbors are much smaller, the conditions quite comfortable. Most of these ponds are part of recreation, so you can go there as a family.
Although paid reservoirs usually "overcrowded" and nibble is always good at fishing on sturgeon have certain characteristics. Firstly, it is a predator, and a large predator. Vegetable or too small sturgeon bait and can be ignored.
It is best that the fish are biting on the soft tip and large animal origin, or a combination, and the bait should be based strictly on the bottom. Secondly, the sturgeon is not too fond of light, so at a depth of less than 1.5 m looking for him senseless. The move once again he did not like, so that large bodies of water, these fish often congregate in certain, the most suitable sites to them. Finding the right place for fishing may take some time.
Tackles for catching sturgeon
Sturgeon weighs more than 15 kg, which greatly complicates the stretch, when you consider that they are quite temperamental and able to jump out of the water and resist. It is necessary to plan a fishing trip only on special paid reservoirs.
Very solid bottom rod comparable to a powerful carp rod; test should provide fishing in the lake with soft and hard bottom, depending on where sturgeon fishing. The main line was: suitable carp fishing line or feeder diameter of 0,24-0,30 mm. Leash: specialist carp, or any type of bottom fishing line for the high quality of the leash a diameter in the range of 0,24-0,28 mm. Large size from carp hook № 2 to 6, but its thickness should be adjusted in size worms such dendrobeny. You can use a meat hook baits (barbs on the shank), a very strong, such as catfish or barbel.
Bait fishing for sturgeon meat:
red and white hearts,
fish or meat dough,
boilies with blood on the hair or pellets.
Additional loading is selected individually depending on the used terminal element and catching range. You can use carp or reloading containers with bait.
The coil with a free swing-type carp or feeder. On the spool should be placed at least 150 m, preferably 200 m of line or braid. The plot of the main cable of 1 m above the leash can be protected with a special protective layer of braid or replace cord resistant to chafing. Standard ground landing net is not suitable, because the sturgeon is a strong, agile and very long fish. Use the biggest carp landing net or pull the fish by hand in protective glove. To pull out the hand is very difficult.
Catching sturgeon on the float rod
Very durable float rod for barbel (float), or carp rod for long casts; test depending on the gear, but not more than 30, the Grand Match coil. On the spool should be 150 m fishing line. High quality fishing line for the Match and feeder fishing with a diameter of 0.18 to 0.26 mm - depending on the weight and size of the gear fish caught. Leash stainless pedestrian fishing line with a diameter in the range of 0.18 to 0.26 mm (diameter is selected depending on the size of fish caught, the season and the catch). From floats best "vagler" self-reload, such as the 5 + 5, 7 + 3, 3 + 9. In the absence of a float-type "vagler" You can use a standard lake. Large size from carp hook № 2 to 6, its thickness should be adjusted in size worms such dendrobeny. You can use a meat hook baits (barbs on the shank), extra strong, for catfish or barbel.