Asp is distributed almost throughout Central and Eastern Europe as well as in the western parts of Asia. Increased populations of chub from north to south for a simple reason, this fish likes to very warm temperatures and, as a rule, are active mainly in the summer months.
In asp spin dark gray or olive-green, lighter sides and a silvery white belly. Pectoral and pelvic fins are often red hue, so sometimes confused with asp chub. The tail is very massive, which, combined with a large and highly fragmented caudal fin makes asp excellent swimmer. High-set eyes are large; it is assumed that a predator has a very good vision. Roth deeply indented, leaving behind the eyes. The lower jaw is slightly beyond the top and a small ball.
In asp face big, but completely devoid of teeth. It has only two rows of teeth laryngeal. He lives in stagnant waters (lakes, reservoirs). In asp figure denser than other similar species of fish in the rivers. In addition, some individuals grow a hump, like a perch. The body is massive and widespread, growing relatively quickly - at the age of four years, a length of about 30 cm, and the eighth year of life 45-50 cm. Asp grows to 110 cm in length and weighing about 8 kg, but sometimes there are larger specimens.
Asp inhabits large and medium rivers of the plains, but often it can also be found in small tributaries of large rivers. He lives in many reservoirs and lakes, which are connected with rivers and streams. From time to time heard rumors about catching individual representatives of this species in the coastal zone of the Baltic Sea, but these developments should be viewed as random - chub is a freshwater fish. The main habitat asp biggest in Central Europe, east of the Rhine and north of the Danube, in the Urals and the Caspian Sea basin. Smaller populations of asp occur in the rivers of southern Sweden and Norway, where it replaced the fish, such as the barbell and bream.
Sexually mature age asp reaches the age of four, when they reach a length of about 30 cm. Place fish spawning choose fast flowing (more oxygen) and rocky or gravel bottom, which spawn. It also happens that the chub spawn on underwater vegetation and underwater roots. Females lay from 100 to 400 thousand eggs, which the male fertilizes immediately. Spawning occurs during March and April - May, and rarely begins until the water temperature reaches at least 5 degrees. The males in the spawning period for pectoral fins and gill covers spawning a rash appear. From there the fry eggs in about two weeks, their size is about 7 mm.
Already in the second year of life asp stops feeding on plankton, crustaceans and insect larvae. The two-year full-predator fish become preferring to eat fish, mostly bleak, gudgeon, small roach, chub and other small animals. In the diet are fish, which do not exceed 1/5 of the length of its body.
It is known that fish of these species often interbreed and produce viable posterity. A typical example is a hybrid between a carp and goldfish. Asp also often adopts a "mixed" marriage. His partner can be mullet, which is probably closer to him and externally, and genetically. In some countries where these species are caught, rarely make a distinction between them, even called them by the same name.
Where to look for asp
Asp - the fish are extremely cautious. Regardless of the method or technique of fishing you choose, you should always use tactics of active search of fish. Asp found in rivers and reservoirs in a closed type, but prefers the rivers. The most typical habitats are the big wide river. In small rivers or rarely comes, or in general there is not present.
Search habitat asp, you have guided hearing and vision. Offensive chub fish in the water creates a lot of noise, resulting in a loud splashing and splashing water - often right under our feet. Many fish are also found in small rivers and estuaries. The standing water is hard to find asp. But the exact location of the predator is unpredictable. Sometimes it's shallow water near reeds; otherwise he may find themselves on the depth and distance from the shore.
Sometimes chub moves from major rivers and tributaries go to them for tens of kilometers. So that it can occur in small rivers. Often, when pike fishing in small streams angler can pull to his surprise and a good asp.
After spawning, which ends in late April in shallow areas with a noticeable but not very strong current, chub while circling around this place? And in the first half of June, the river is distributed and can be found everywhere - even in the stagnant water in the shallow and deep areas. Sometimes it can be on the border of the expansion of the river, in the shallow waters near the islands, under bridges and below the dam, but the areas of concentration are not always constant. Several major rivers tend to have a variety of ponds, both natural and artificial. In such places, asp can be even more than other predatory fish. Career and river inlets completely satisfied predator in terms of comfort.
In water bodies that do not maintain a year-round connection to the river, chub usually absent. Completely isolated lake, even the largest predatory asp ignored and almost always absent there.
There are two features that distinguish predatory carp fish from the same family. Firstly, asp typical predator - he eats only live fish. The second feature is its impressive size. It can reach a record weight of 7-8 kg in recreational fisheries. But we can assume that twice. Some directories provide information about fish catch weight limit of 12 kg asp.
Fishing tackle for catching asp
The optimum gear for catching asp, the rod has a length of 2-3 meters. Story rod must be high or medium hardness and suitable for bait weighing 15-30 grams. But the rigidity of fishing gear is not its most important indicator.
More important is the operation rod. For fishing rods are suitable asp and spinning with an increased taper, not bendable along the entire length, but mostly at the top. This rod has several significant advantages. Firstly, the sudden grip of a predator will not be strong; he will not feel the resistance of production, as the rod tip asp and try again to attack the bait. Coils are used freewheeling, with a higher speed, compared to hunt whitefish.
Small winding speed of simple inertia reel will create difficulties in pulling the asp to the shore. Cord or twine is selected in accordance with the type of coil and applied bait. For fast-response coil corresponding to a fiber diameter of 0.25 to 0.27 mm, for multipliers, from 0.35 to 0.4 mm. Weight lure for catching asp to 40 grams. It is best to run asp spinner spinning lures and micro, but many unsubscribe at forums range of lures used to catch asp is very wide.
The practice of catching asp
Catching the asp spinning is often associated with the ability to perform high-precision casting lures. This is a prerequisite for success. Some fishermen have built a stable stereotype: believe, asp can be caught only by sending it to the place of the bait splash predator. Thus, having brought it right into the mouth of the fish. But it is not always the case.
If fishing takes place on the course, it should be cast to do 2-3 meters upstream from the place of hunting asp. This predator carp species can catch any angler who has mastered the tactics of catching a spinning not only where the asp in abundance, but in this relatively poor in fish reservoirs. And this is not always the main method of hunting during the burst. Very often, the fish is caught, if there are large shoals on the course. Very often happens chub caught almost blindly.
But in one and in another case does not require special technical skills for the angler. Sometimes written in the literature about catching chub and practice have discrepancy. In any case, the lack of adequate information makes this fish a hero of many tales and fables. Wide audience of fishermen word "asp" says nothing.
However, carp predator remains one of the main predators in many of our waters. In some countries there are special groups of spinnings, who specialize in the fishing asp, every fisherman has his views on this type of fishing. The main features that distinguish the asps other predatory fish, it is the first, exclusive attention and tricks a second upper lifestyle that requires a fine capture technology, which is based on all the nuances of his behavior. In different places and at different times of this predator does not behave the same way.
Four ways of catching asp
The question is why this method is to hunt for asp. Indeed, in such a way catch every other fish - i.e. we have to fish without seeing a predator or any obvious signs of its presence. However, the methods described here, in nine out of 10 cases, it helps to catch asp bite other fish are unlikely. Many anglers start fishing optimistic, relying on the activity of the fish, but hopes are not always justified. And, like any other predator chub has periods of rest when not hunting.
If you find yourself at a time on the water body, all your gear and equipment lose their meaning. In a lake or river, where you are going to catch asp, cannot be a single burst. It is hardly appropriate to wait until the fish show them. It's one of the reasons why you choose to go fishing blindly.
Another reason is the lack of knowledge of the water area for fishing. The requirements for precision casting distance and bait in this case is low compared to other methods. In addition to these objective conditions when choosing a place blindly, there is another, purely subjective way of thinking - a fisherman wants to catch not only the asp, but hopes to catch fish and other prey.
With this method of fishing, the bait sinks slowly and deeply, so we can assume that the compromise - we really can catch the most diverse fish. Experienced anglers targeting asp rarely caught so he is considered to be ineffective for the objective of catching this predator.
But at the moment we are only interested asp. Firstly, we must carefully look at this section of the river or pond. Knowing the habits of the asp, it is not difficult to determine the place of its promising appearance, especially when fishing is blind when nothing gives presence asp. Typically, each of the predators determined its habitat, and the presence of young fish fry civilians and their species.
Menu pike and zander are designed for any suitable trifle, but mostly prefer chub bleak and gudgeon. The fry of these species in the summer usually swim in the upper layers of the water body, and always in shallow water near the surface. This means that asp will be located near the surface. Another feature of our predator is its constant movement.
While searching for food, chub swim parallel to the shoreline, its "cruising" speed of movement is from 0.3 to 0.6 m / sec. It can move in one direction for a long time - several hundred meters. Asp can change its direction of motion, pursuing his prey. These details are required for only one purpose, to provide sound recommendations for catching asp, in the case of the hunting blind.
If between the fisherman and the point of casting will be a predator, he must take the bait, or ignore it. In the absence of bite does not make sense to repeat the cast in the same place, you need to move forward quickly and calculate the distance that could leave asp, make a new casting lures. Leading casting lures in the coastal zone is a major, but not a universal method of hunting blind. Sometimes the asp may be outside the coastal strip. When fishing blindly in all its transparency, the method can be really good catches.
Visual method of fishing
To catch these methods have a number of factors associated with time, the terms of the pond or river, the behavior of asp. This method draws its originality, is available for spinning, and can achieve good results, even when the predator is passive.
Select a location. Catch asp visual, it is also called wave (asp its dorsal fin slicing through the water, creating a visible wave) can be carried anywhere to meet the fish can be almost anywhere other than the shallow areas with uneven bottom and fast current, which is hard to notice the wave of movement asp. The way the fish is predictable (he, leaving behind a wave always moves upstream). The best places to hunt wave method are shallow bays where asp loves to visit them in the evening. Sometimes it is in the upper water layers, not on the surface itself, and 15-20 cm below. Wave fin from its mild, asp and difficult to detect.
Under such adverse conditions it is recommended to take a special position in relation to the water, a faint trace of the wave will be well seen in the sun glare, or reflection of the trees on the opposite bank. Therefore it is sometimes useful to sit or lie down on the ground, watching the waves.
A prerequisite for successful fishing with this method, the complete absence of wind, because even a slight disturbance can hide from us asp. The larger the fish, the greater the wave. A wave that comes from a great asp is an obtuse angle. When a predator eats, she is issued with a splash.
Disguise. The surface of the water is smooth as a mirror, the angler must comply disguise. It is advisable not to approach closer to the location of the asp 25-30 meters. If you notice a wave from a distance, it is best not to chase the fish, and how to predict its path, to hold such a position that he held against you. Precision casting lures are more important, because in the latter case, you cannot always anticipate the direction of the asp after impact. Wave allows you to throw the bait so that it blocked the road in front of the muzzle of the fish. It should be remembered that the fish head is slightly ahead of the visible wavelength.
Spinning method of fishing asp
The range of baits that we use is extremely rich - from floating and submerged bait to spinning spinners, wobblers and micro silicone fish. Some of these baits work very well, just below the surface of the water, others may tempt asp, working a little deeper. The most common bait for catching asp spinning, spinning this spinner.
Lures. The bait should deceptively resemble asp food - fish. Wobblers should be, as a rule, thin, silvery and its length ranges from 5 to 12 cm. Wooden fish should look like and just remind bleak. Sometimes bait is intended to simulate the fight against a strong current, and sometimes stampede. Watch flock bleak. They move slowly, catching tiny particles of food that carries over.
Frightened, they are saved by moving short spurts (without the typical fish «snake» movement) are not just crossing the surface of the water. That's how we should conduct our bait - and quietly and slowly on the edge of the current, either quickly or without undue beat from side to side. In rivers with less than clear water, it is sometimes useful to use a centrifuge with a white paddle, so it will be more visible to the fish.
Lures. This bait casting at long range. In the case of these baits are also recommended colors that make them look like small fish. Lures should be narrow and small. There is a special series of micro-spinners, designed exclusively for catching asp.
Silicone. The range of soft baits is extremely rich. Modern technology allows rubber lures for a perfect assimilation almost natural food for predators. Very effective are white or pearl twisters and Reapers. Rubber baits have an advantage over other baits in the fall. In the colder months asp stops feeding in the upper layers of the water and down below.
Spinning for catching asp should be 3 meters long, in my opinion, the optimum length for two reasons. Firstly, we can continue to make a throw, the shorter, and it often decides the success in fishing. Secondly, due to the long spinning, we can be farther from the water's edge, as a result - will not scare the fish with their movements, as well as the water will not fall from the shadow us. When fishing from a boat long enough spinning 2.4 meters.
I often hear about the need for coils with very high. I believe that it is not necessary, but it does not hurt. The average ratio of 5.0: 1 reels, no problem we can use to catch a chub. The line is used mainly colorless diameter 0.20-0.22 mm. However, if you are looking for asp from a boat, you should use a thin braided line. Asp attacks the bait very quickly, and at the time of the bite, you'll feel a strong "blow", so be sure to properly install the clutch.
Catching the asp on live bait
Fishing with live bait is a rare way to catch asp. Perhaps this is due to the prudence and great vision asp - he sees or feels, taking a fishing line or hook. However, there are fishermen who intentionally caught on live bait asp. Commonly used a long stick, about 6 meters and 200 meters of floating string 0.14 mm. live bait starts downstream and at some point may be attacked asp. But more often the case that the bait faster attack other predator, pike, walleye and perch. So fishing with live bait is rarely justified in a particular fishing asp.