Baitkasting Rod and Reel

In this article we want to talk about baitkasting tackle or, more familiar to the reader of our language, of the multiplicative reels and rods, designed for these coils. Why we decided to use the term «baitkasting"? Because it is a worldwide name for this gear that most closely reflects its purpose: bait, casting.

Multiplier reel term is usually applied as a more general, because it includes a coil designed to throw the bait and reel for trolling. Agree also that the phrase baitkasting rod casting rod or simplistic sound more succinctly than the phrase rod for multiplier reel. English words, such as, for example, a file format or service, have already come into our speech and do not bother anyone. So let's get used to international terminology in the field of fishing.


Baitkasting gear used in general is for the same as the spinning, but has a number of advantages: long service life, high mechanical strength, better power characteristics, and tackle with baitkasting coil completely twists the line, and this is known to be a general lack of any gear with spinning reels. Like spinning, baitkasting rods are divided into classes depending on the power: the light-medium (ML), medium (M), Medium heavy (MH) and heavy (H). As you can see in this list are missing ultra light and lightweight classes.

This is explained by the fact that baitkasting coil due to their design features or capabilities are not designed for casting ultra-light lures. However lures weighing 5 grams -7 quite suitable for fishing tackle this. Range of casting lures border (minimum) weight for baitkasting tackle will depend on the class of the coil. The higher the class, and accordingly, the coil manufacturing precision, the easier and will continue to receive a throw. Heavier lures can successfully throw and tackle with coil middle class. In addition to the casting or fishing with reflux, baitkasting tackle can be successfully used for trolling.


Depending on the purpose or scope of baitkasting rods are made of different lengths and with different effects (formation). To date, almost all the leading manufacturers of rods are in its range of classic and baitkasting rod for special applications.

Baitkasting rod

Classic baitkasting rod. The most numerous categories of rods. This is a short rod length of 6 to 7.3 feet (1.8 - 2.35 m), designed for fishing from a boat, as well as in the coastal area when fishing from shore. They are characterized by a fast action and have a relatively short arm, the length of which rarely reaches the elbow.

This is the category of rods, which are often used by professional fishermen to compete in catching bass and walleye. As professionals believe that the seam dividing the rod into several parts, it is an unacceptable compromise that "kill" operation, the majority of these single-section rods. This primarily refers to the rod's top series, but among the medium-sized series of rods and has two sections. Also produced rod for long-distance travel (travel), having three sections.

Depending on the power of the classic baitkasting rod designed for virtually all types of sports fishing of predatory fish. That is among them, you can select specially designed rod for light and heavy jigging, fishing with surface lures, crank baits, medium and heavy spinners, jerk baits heavy.

Baitkasting rod for special applications. Usually producers singled out a special rod for fishing with lures such as crank bait rods, salmon rods and musky rods.

Rods for fishing crank baits

Short single-section rods 6.5-7 feet in length are different from the classical fact that instead of quickly has a moderate effect. Such action is considered preferable at catching on wobblers and spinners to the core because it provides smooth acceleration bait during casting and dampen vibrations from the baits during conduction. Many professionals prefer this kind of rods and for other types of bait, because the smooth, mild action of these rods perfect for catching big fish.

Rods for fishing salmon

Long 8 - 10 foot (2.44 - 3 m) of the rod designed for catching big fish at long range. These rods have a long arm, in order to balance the weight of the form. In addition to the main field of application of salmon fishing, the rod anglers successfully used for catching walleye, pike, chub, both from the shore and from a boat. Rods for catching big pike 6,5 7,5 Short foot, very powerful rod designed for catching river and lake monsters.

They are produced as a one-section and two-section version. Powerful, thick-walled form, solid rings, long handle everything suggests that this gear is specially designed for large casting heavy lures when hunting for trophy specimens. In addition to catching trophy pike, these rods are perfect for catching catfish as casting and trolling.


As mentioned earlier, speaking of baitkasting coils, we have in mind the multiplier reel, designed for those fishing styles, where frequent casting lures used. Consider the design of the coils baitkasting detail and focus on the most important sites.

Bearing element of any baitkasting coil serves as housing. It can be a metal or plastic, as a one-part or a prefabricated structure. The shape baitkasting coil housing can be divided into classical, which housing has a cylindrical shape and low profile, the housing of which, as it were flattened in a vertical plane.

Spool is one of the most important elements baitkasting coil. Firstly, a spool of line storage capacity that determines its geometrical dimensions. Secondly, the spool is directly involved in casting the bait spinning; it gives the line after flying bait. Need to throw the bait require a reduction in the minimum weight moment of inertia of the spool, and thus the weight of the spool, keeping its geometrical dimensions. Along with the use of lightweight aluminum alloy, special design weight reducing spool, the body which has a plurality of holes has been created.

Spool rotates on a so-called support bearings. When the bait casting spool rotation speed reaches hundreds of revolutions per second. For example, at 30 meter spool casting will make about 350 rpm. The quality of the bearings depends on the ease of rotation of the spool, and thus the range of bait flight. In Japanese Shimano coils manufacturing companies, Daiwa spool is rigidly attached to the axis, whose edges are supported by bearings mounted in the housing.

Abu Garcia Company took a different path, the bearings are placed in the spool, and the axis is fixed in the mechanism of the reel. Anyone who has ever caught any retractable knows what a "beard" entanglement of fishing line spool with dashes. The cause of the "beard" is simple in some moment of casting lures flight speed drops below the speed of rotation of the spool. The line on the spool instantly "swells."

To prevent the formation of "beards" baitkasting coils is bobbin braking system. These systems consist of two types of brakes: the primary and secondary. Additional brake, in turn, may be centrifugal or magnetic. The main brake cheek located on the side of the coil and urges the spool axis and structurally may consist of several washers, leaf springs.

During casting weights diverge when unwinding the spool and the friction of the special glass slows its rate of rotation, retarding the spool. The braking force is proportional to the square of the rotational speed of the spool, so at higher speeds, it is much more than the small ones. For adjustment of the brakes in its design provides removable weights or disconnected.

The braking force is directly proportional to the rotational speed of the spool. At high speeds of rotation of the spool braking force is less visible than that of the mechanical system, and thus allows us to develop higher initial airspeed bait. The magnetic braking system is simpler. In many coils with a magnetic system control braking force can be produced by a knob on the coil body.

In addition, due to the higher damping force at low speed spool, magnetic braking system is good in difficult situations, such as when casting into the wind, or fishing lures with poor aerodynamics. It should be noted that when properly configured brake systems, the risk of rush and, as a consequence, the formation of "beard" is negated.

This system ensures uniform stacking coils of line on the spool. The depositor can be turned off (not synchronized), then during the cast spool is released only, and he remains motionless, or disconnect (synchronized), in this case, during the cast the depositor is moved synchronously with the rotation of the spool. Synchronized the depositor applies in the coils with a wide spool, are not synchronized in the coils with a narrow spool.

Whole the depositor through which the fishing line is subjected to severe stress abrasion, so the quality of the material and clean the surface of the depositor increased requirements. Gear system providing reeling fishing line, called the main gear. It is characterized by a gear ratio number of revolutions per spool reel handle turn. From the gear ratio depend on the speed and power characteristics of the coil. We wish to draw attention to the fact that the handle in the multiplicative coils cannot be moved from one side to another. Therefore models are available as a right or left-handed.

Under the pen drive is a friction brake in the form of an asterisk. Turn the star, the angler pulls or reduces the friction brake by changing the pressure on the friction washers package. Even with strong compression package pinion gear can slip, which keeps intact the main transfer. Regardless of the location of the reel handle for right or left hand, rotate the drive by yourself, you can always tighten the friction brake, turning on, let go.

We are often asked about the number of bearings in the coil. The minimum number of three in baitkasting coil: two supporting ball bearings and one roller bearing, which is implemented overrunning clutch backstop spool. To work with heavy lures classical baitkasting coils that is enough. At the same time the installation of bearings in a particularly loaded nodes (e.g., the main transmission axis of the pinion), the nodes rotating during casting bait (e.g., axis endless screw synchronized scaffold stacking system), increases the coil characteristics such as casting distance bait and lifetime of the coil.

After becoming acquainted with the design of the coils baitkasting we can give general advice on choosing baitkasting coil, depending on what and how to bait fishing you intend to fish. Heavy lures such as large jerk baits, large Spoons, heavy jig lures, crank baits large, involve the use of classical baitkasting coils. If fishing conditions require the use of particularly durable woods, reel spool must have the appropriate capacity for the recommended diameter of the fishing line. For fishing with light lures weighing 5 grams: wobblers, rotating and oscillating spinners, jig lures, small jerk baits, spinner baits different, and it is recommended to use a low-profile baitkasting coil bobbin with lightweight construction.

For fishing with long casts, fishing lures with poor aerodynamics preferable to use coils with a magnetic braking system spool. Selecting coil installing handle under the left or right hand depends on your habits and acquired experience in fishing. If you are right handed, and always keep a rod in his right hand and turn the reel handle left, the choice is unambiguous spool with a handle on the left side. Although historically Multiplier reel handle is installed on the right side. After casting rod is shifted to the left hand and right hand preroll performed. In the struggle for the expansion of the company's market makers began to produce models with a handle on the left side.

It is safe to say that it is better to acquire the coil only known brands Shimano, Daiwa, Abu Garcia, St. Croix, Okuma, Banax.

In conclusion, I would like to point out that had not yet formed the tradition of using baitkasting tackle. Spinning tackle, yes, there are certain traditions and experience of the fishing spinning a lot written and said. Therefore, speaking about baitkasting tackle, cannot help but wonder about comparing it with spinning tackle, with the tackle with fast-response coil?

Where and when you need baitkasting tackle, and it alone? When it is possible to catch and baitkasting tackle and spinning gear, but baitkasting give additional benefits? What is the added value? These questions, in one way or another connected with baitkasting tackle and technique are more to use, that is, directly to the fishing. To all these questions we try to answer in future publications. After all of the answers to these questions is a common and philosophical aspect of the development of fishing equipment predatory fish.

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