Bream is one of the most common fish. This kind of fish that live in flocks and inhabit most of the standing or running water, especially in the lower reaches of rivers. Often in these it is the dominant species. Bream fish of the carp family. It is characterized by a small head, strongly laterally compressed body with high characteristic hump that starts with a slight bend of the head. The fins of this species are very well developed, long, sharply capped, and they all have a dark color. Anal fin longer than other carp fish, and looks like a keel.
Lower share of the caudal fin is usually longer than the upper. Bream can reach significant dimensions – length 60 cm or more, up to 5.6 kg. All fins are grayish-black color, and even in the mating period are such only in their rash appears light gray. The body is wide and flat at the sides. Bream color varies depending on the age or the nature of the water where they live.
Young bream up to the second year of life is not so similar to the hunchback and silver bream. But the color is more silver than those of mature individuals. With age fish strongly growing in height, reaching third of the total length of the hull. Bream color changes depending on the environmental conditions, becoming darker bronze and on the sides. Mouth small, but capable of being extended forward as the trunk, which helps bream go into the sediments in search of food. This is a typical gregarious fish that live in the bottom layer of water, and rarely leaves him.
The natural habitat of bream in deep rivers and in the lower reaches them, but artificially shifted in the internal part of the river because of the dams. In the rivers, he leads an active life in the deep bays and pits. He prefers clay and slightly silted bottom. Rarely can we find it in an area with a sandy bottom. Even the bottom of the shingle for bream better than an even layer of sand.
It feeds on benthic organisms obtained by retracting and straining silt or mud. In addition, it is easy to absorb and worms, maggots, leeches and even some types of shellfish. In the summer and eat the roots of reeds, which noisily sucks as bream fed certain types of algae and aquatic grasses.
Bream is growing rapidly until the second year of life. Then accelerates the rate of weight gain, and for some time in good conditions is able to gain weight for the year nearly twice as fast as gaining two years. Age bream reaches 15-20 years, during which greatly increases in width. The most favorable time for catching bream occurs when the water level is average or even low. By early July, bream goes to spawn.
Lures and bait for bream
Only in exceptional cases, you can catch bream on the bait without feeding. This fact is known to most anglers. Another notable quality bream is that it is extremely careful and cautious fish. Bream can be easily frightened by any noise or splashing in the water. Discover bream during feeding easily. He gives himself, digging in sediments typical appearance of air bubbles on the surface. The quiet, clear waters, we can notice a slight haze in the bubbles.
Once you have chosen a place with enough depth – from 4 to 6 meters, and the best clay-bottomed or a thick layer of mud, you have to start fishing with bait casting. Some fishing master bream bait recommend wet mixture through a sieve, to avoid large fractions. Then make balls that are thrown into the selected area to form a stable place of feeding bream.
Lure must be constantly, throughout the fishing for bream, because we are dealing with a typical herd fish. In this sense, there is no risk that the whole pack overfeeds. It can be used for bait and bait components. It can be flavored with vanilla or corn attractant manure worms, maggots, corn boiled corn or dairy, etc. In some places, well caught bream meat river mussels. This lure has caught in ponds and rivers where large concentrations of freshwater mussels, which are the main food of bream. All animals’ baits are effective all year round. Corn, barley and pasta, only in warm water.
In standing water good bait for bream can be soaked in molasses bread. If there is no syrup, artificial sweetener used. The mixture is added to the breadcrumbs.
As the aroma of the spices used for cakes or cinnamon. The color of the bait does not play a fundamental role. Beneficial use is very pale, yellow or even orange, frightening off small fish.
Even as bait and lures to use peas well. Peas prepared as follows: a glass of peas cook in three cups of water over very low heat for 40-50 minutes. Then, add a glass of semolina, 30-50 grams of vegetable oil and cook while stirring for 10-15 minutes, until the mixture starts to separate from the bowls and spoons. Excellent bait and bait ready.
Attractants for bream
In the market there is a huge variety of flavors and attractants for catching bream. But it is easy to make a mistake and choose the wrong attractant. Then, what to buy to meet bream? It is extremely difficult to distinguish the product from each other flavors. Most anglers use attractants and fragrances established companies, because they, though not cheap, but reliable.
Summer any attractants used forms: liquid, gel, paste and so on. In winter, the main attractants should be applied on the basis of ethyl alcohol. Since they do not thicken and do not freeze at low temperatures. Good for catching bream considered attractants containing pheromones of the species. They contribute to a better activation of fish in a particular spot of fishing, collecting long distance large schools of bream. When the water is clear, in the pre-winter, or ice fishing and many deprived of odors and algae, the main thing is not to overdo it with excessive odor. During the summer, attractants are slowing down, than in the winter.
Fishing gear. Methods for bream fishing
Catching bream on the float rod
When fishing for bream on float fishing tackle, you can use a long telescope. If you catch without coil and ring, it should not be shorter than 5-6 meters so that you can catch fish at a considerable depth. The main fishing line used in diameter from 0.12 to 0.14. Leashes must be slightly thinner order – from 0.08 to 0.10.
The float has a long antenna to be seen slowly sinking it with biting bream. This is because of the way biting bream, which takes the bait vertically upside down. The length of the leash is about 50 centimeters.
Hooks for catching bream are thin and mostly light. The size is chosen so that the bait is always good to sit. Basically, the average size of the hook is taken number 10, sometimes 8 or 12. Big bream has lips almost as big as the carp, so there is no reason to use too little hooks. Especially large hooks available for small roach and nase.
Catching bream on the feeder
Critical in catching bream on the feeder is the choice of location. Bream usually prefer deep holes (5 to 15 m and deeper) with moderate flow and clayey or slightly muddy bottom. If the bottom is sandy, you can fish, but a large flock of bream is not there, and you can catch it only by accident, when the bream in search of food, or returned to the parking lot. A large number of bream food, rarely leave their places of permanent habitation. If, however, they decided to look for food, swimming in the deep valleys of the whole flock.
Bream fishing on the feeder when it is necessary to look at the border between the small and the strong current of the river. Always a very successful fishing the feeder will be differences of depths, where there are seamounts, near the deep pits of at least 3-4 meters. The presence of bream can be judged by its peculiar game on the water surface. Appearing on the surface, it shows the head, then the dorsal fin, with little noise plunging. Fishermen say, “Bream plays!”
Fishing on the feeder does not require any fancy in fishing gear, but they have to be reliable and practical. The main thing that feeder rod was strong and flexible, to withstand considerable overload. The greatest attention should be paid to the fishing line, because its diameter and quality significantly affect the number of bites and caught fish. To catch the bream on the feeder line was used with a diameter of 0.14 mm with 0.08-0.1 leashes.
Leads are used for the two pieces of one and the feeder gear 25 has a length of 50 cm, with a snap -. 30 to 60 cm on the feeder successful fishing also depends on the shape and quality of the hook. On feeder fishing hooks used in sizes from 4 to 8 corns and from 8 to 12 for catching sandwiches – bloodworms and maggots. Coils should be a clutch to react to bite and when playing bream prevent damage fishing tackle feeder. Feeders can be used any type, it depends on fishing conditions, whether on the course or on the lake.
Bream fishing from a boat
When fishing from a boat and bream in the presence of the great depths can be used fishing tackle for winter fishing. Sales also have special deep rods designed for catching bream boat. Hooks №7, with a perfect tip of the needle, no signs of rust, very strong, but not rude. The color of the hook is not as important as a kind of bait, whether it is a worm, or pea dough bait, the hook tip must be completely closed.
Monofilament used from 0.20 to 0.22 mm. Another good thing if it is colored green. Fishing rods are installed on both sides of the boat. After falling to the bottom of the bait, we tighten fishing line 20-40 cm depending on the strength of flow. Warning biting bream, as well as on winter fishing rod, a nod length of 12-15 cm. In windy conditions, the boat sways greatly, so a nod may show false biting bream.
There is an old antiquated way of fishing from a boat in strong winds. You have to use winter fishing rod and fishing line drawn between your thumb and forefinger. Thus, you will feel the bite immediately. The best time of bream from the boat, it’s early in the morning. But sometimes, depending on weather conditions, bream can be caught from 11 to 14 hours. You just have to remember that the best place for bream presence of deep pits. It is desirable that the boat was anchored astern into the pit, so that the hooks are in descending order.
After spawning in June, bream becomes passive and cautious. But in July he was well caught in the early morning and before sunset. In August, bream again awakens the appetite, and he may well be caught, both day and night. Going on a fishing trip, do not forget to landing net, because without it would be difficult to pull bream boat. Use it only when you are completely sure that the fish calmed down.
There are days when bream goes almost without resistance on the water surface and allow him to bring under careful landing net. But sometimes bream very stubborn. Holding the line with thumb and forefinger, gently pull the bream to the boat. Do not wait, hoping the strength of the fishing line. It is better to wait a bit when the fish are tired and lie sideways on the surface. But to delay the catch bream, too, should not, he has a very weak lips, and usually at long bream lip gap occurs as a consequence – the gathering of fish.
Time bream fishing
Going to catch bream, whether from a boat or fishing on the feeder, you must pay attention to the lunar phases. With the full and new moon bream or not powered at all, or leave a permanent habitat for feeding, only the dead of night to the relative shallow water. It is said that when the water blooms, bream do not eat. But my experience says otherwise. Fish peck ceases no more than a few days, but no more than a week.
Bream are biting better in windy conditions than calm. Often cloudy weather favors biting bream. Sometimes, when a strong wind and big wave, large flocks gather to feed. While still small in June bream flock, in August they gather in huge flocks numerous and at this time fishing for bream can be very interesting and successful.
Catching bream winter
In practice, good bream caught on winter fishing. After the first frost the big bream are preparing for hibernation in wintering pits, but the fish do not lose interest in eating and continue feeding throughout the winter, until the ice vanishing. Before drifting ice bream becomes very active, it starts hard to eat and take almost any bait. This time, the fishermen called the “last ice”.
Types biting bream
Bream fish are so suspicious that he could not take the bait, if it does not lie on the bottom. It can happen to us if catching bream will with the vegetation at the bottom. Therefore, it is first necessary to specify the exact depth of the fishing gear, especially when we were in the area of casting lures with soft sediments on the bottom.
Once we have balanced the float, make sure the first throw does not cling for anything, pulling the bait slowly to you. When biting the bait, bream raises its first slightly upwards, releasing the tension on the fishing line. And as if the float falls slightly. In particular biting bream takes the float to one side, and the more confident, especially at the end of the tackle will be the largest fish.
However, you can get caught on the false bite bream. This is a subtle shake of the float, when a fish touches the line with his body. Experienced anglers in such cases when waiting bream still swallow the bait. The main thing is self-control and patience. If you lure more extensive, such as boilies, or a bunch of worms, it is necessary to keep track of the sinking of the fishing line, especially over long distances.
With strong resistance to the bait when biting, bream, if he did not spotted, the bait spits. Therefore, we need a very delicate and sensitive fishing gear for catching bream.
The lips of the cautious and timid fish fragile, but solid. Due to the great depth of swallowing the bait, bream like. In this case, it is necessary to try to bring to the surface, where he sipped the air, falls on the side and quietly gives himself to make landing net. That’s when you can and to celebrate victory in a duel with a large bream.
Bream fishing rules
Successful hunting of large bream more of the following rules must be met:
- find the right place to look for a deep, quiet water with soft or clay bottom.
- advance good lure, use a lot of bait and to add an attractant.
- sensitive enough to use fishing gear.
- always have a strong and solid scaffold.
- bream catch on the edges lured place.
- while bream do not make noise, be very patient.
- conditions permitting, sit out on the water.
Bream strong fighter, and fishing on it – it’s the hunt for a beautiful and big fish.
Fishing for bream is a serious problem for the fishermen of art. Distrust of this fish, which sometimes deliberately plays on the water surface, showing their dorsal fin, sometimes even annoys us, ignoring our lures.
But if you are a fisherman, and besides also you always without haste and concentrating to fishing, are sure to win in a duel with a large bream, and get full pleasure in fishing and fishing for bream.
Culinary quality bream
The meat of this fish is white and tender. Delicious is what bream good protection against various diseases and odors aquatic environment, it is covered with a thick layer of mucus. This requires a long and careful cleaning of the catch. The smaller bream, the better it is for the classical frying. Average fish – kilogram is cut longitudinally along the spine, and then cut into pieces. Big bream is well suited for roasting and stuffing with vegetables in the oven. Surprisingly, but the meat of the bottom fish much less gives the smell of slime and algae than other types.