It bream and is the main object of my hobbies. But not easy to catch a large bronze handsome, fearful he suspicious and very cautious. The chances that arrived and immediately caught bream, almost none. In addition, fishing from the shore here is hopeless, need a boat. And besides, catching bream requires not only specific gear, bait and nozzles, but also the knowledge to select the bottom topography fishing area, as well as long-term feeding of the selected place.
SELECTING THE FISHING
Regardless of how we tackle to catch bream, the fundamental factor is the choice of the place of fishing. Usually promising places for catching white fish on the river for a long time indicated by stakes driven into the bottom of the river and the various buoys from the anchor thrown to the bottom near the tame point. You can, of course, to moor his boat to one of the stakes or buoys and try his luck, but it's better to find a promising spot.
In fact, no one do not tell you what a relief here and the bottom structure than, in what quantities, and when someone lure in this place. It is possible that it may be near the poaching net stakes. So, catching in such a place would be a lottery. In addition, there is another reason - as long as I do not solve the riddle of why sometimes it happens that a well-functioning point of the next year becomes quite bezrybnoy? The reason for this change if the bottom of the structure, the appearance of ground vegetation, or other reasons - it is not clear to me.
One thing is clear - parking bream should be sought. So I highly recommend to take the time and spend an extra hour or to find promising place for bream fishing, rafting on the river, especially if the fish is assumed for a few days. Very nice at the same time would be to use sonar, but if not, you should carefully examine the bank and the border of aquatic vegetation, which will indicate where to begin to start measurements of depth.
We are looking for an underwater "table" - out of the pits with a solid, no silt bottom. It is desirable that the depth of the fishery was not less 5-6metrov. If at this point there are clusters of limestone, it is generally good. "Table" can be extensive and may be very small in size. It is difficult to say how much "table" sizes affect the number of fish that appears here. But what keeps bream of "tables" almost throughout the daylight hours, leaving it only at night to feed in shallow water, I am sure. Day bream gives its presence in places such chain of bubbles rising from the bottom, and in the afternoon, especially on hot, sunny days, sometimes what starts to "play" on the surface of the water, allowing for viewing its back and tail.
Find a "table", a simple depth gauge with a sufficiently massive load of not less than 100-150 grams. Depth gauge on the line every meter you need to make a mark, this will facilitate the calculation of the differential depth, and the cargo must have a flat bottom, it's easier to "rattle" in his search for solid coating. In the presence of the sludge at the bottom blows load on the bottom of practically will not be passed "in hand", but the hard bottom will soon be felt. To determine the structure of the bottom, you can take advantage of our domestic "know-how" - lubricated by any fat flat bottom depth gauge cargo. If the bottom of the sludge - always on the bottom of the will of its layering.
In the course of measurements and memorizing perspective points better not to rely on any guidance on the shore, on the water because everything is so changeable, and immediately denote places a small load with buoys, prepared in advance before sailing. It is a viable option to cut soft cable length 10 meters with load and PET bottle as a displacer.
Cord with one end connected to the neck of the bottle, the second with the load and the entire stock of the cord is wound directly on the lateral surface of the bottle. If you find a promising point of all this simple design is just thrown overboard, and the load rushes to the bottom, unwinding the cord. Cord Entanglement in such dumping is practically impossible. Several of these signaling devices to help identify forward-looking sites and choose the "most-most".
SETTING THE BOATS
Proper installation of the boat in the fishery - the next task on the importance of facing the angler. The boat should "stand firmly" without succumbing to any current or wind gusts. By the way, in my experience it is a windy day, when the water surface appears noticeable excitement, biting bream activated without any noticeable currents and rivers with strong currents, and the changes in its equipment is minimal and reduced to the correct selection of the mass weights to specific fishing conditions . And during fishing in windy conditions onboard fishing tackle from Gatehouse-signaling bites generally there are no alternatives.
Whatever the gear, no matter how the boat was set, no matter what the anchor is not used for this purpose. And in such conditions, the boat should not oscillate significantly, and even more so, to budge. There are several ways to securely fasten the boat in the fishery, but they are all based on the principle of stretching. Depending on the strength of currents and wind me use two or three anchors on the nylon ropes, banners. Since I use when fishing rods on board, the boat is installed in place of catching noses against the tide, fishing is carried out from the stern.
You can, of course, catch and conventional rods, setting the boat broadside to the stream, but the float rod for fishing at a depth of 5-6 meters must have a minimum length of 7 meters, they are less mobile and convenient, in my opinion, than the side of the rod. And besides, on-board a fishing rod has a definite advantage. That it is possible to catch in the waters and its retention in the area of fishing - or just a bunch of brand calcium silicate bricks, what is important - the anchor must not be installed vertically with the sides of the boat, stretching should move away from the sides of the boat to the point of casting anchor at a fairly large distance.
This is because, firstly, stretching in such boat actually more securely held, and secondly, the water leaving the boat at an acute angle of the rope may stretch careful not to frighten the fish. Anchors can be stationary, in which case their location indicated by buoys, but may be removable to be established only during the catch. In any case, in my opinion, the optimal distance at which the boat should be located on the bottom of the anchor is at least 5 values depths in the fishing zone. So if fishing zone depth of 5 meters, the anchor rope must be at least 25 meters. As a halyard used strong and does not stretch monofilament string length of 25 or 50 meters. Usually in such unwinding nylon rope for household purposes and are commercially available.
Describe in detail the process of installing a boat on anchor does not make sense, because different variants can be selected in each specific context. Sometimes, if the fishing area is located near the coast, it is enough only two extensions, one of which is fastened to a stake, scored on the shore or on a small section of the river, and the second is already stretching to the anchor. This option is even more appropriate as a place of fishing in general did not designated for outsiders, on the water surface no buoys, sometimes attracting the curious. And ascertain the boat on the spot lured help mark on the Falah-banners.
Enough with the first installation in boats fishing zone on the halyards do loop through which the halyards are attached to the sides, and then even in pitch darkness to these loops, you'll be able to establish an enviable precision boat. It is important condition - to go fishing in the area and set the boat in a totally quiet, that's why catching is preferable to carry on with inflatable rubber and PVC boats. Plastic and wooden boats are less suitable for fishing rods onboard. Of course, these boats can accommodate more comfortably, but any knock on them, for example, by accidentally had dropped to the bottom of the object, or inadvertently released to the bottom of the boat caught fish for a long time scare cautious bream.
Well, it goes without saying that in a boat when fishing need to stay with the maximum comfort. I prefer to sit so that the rise in the catch over the boards. So less numb legs, easier to work with gear, vyvazhivat fish. In general, the high seating position is preferable. But you need to be located as close as possible to the cylinder of the stern, which is easier to not only place onboard a fishing rod, and fish. The advantages of such a landing immediately be felt when pulling the fish. Variants of landing the angler in the boat weight - from inside the boat, if possible, a small foldable, but sufficiently high chair or stool fishing, ending with the simplest option - on the side placed shot oars, which serve as the fulcrum for the seat angler. Of course, that in any case it is necessary to observe safety measures. But after the boat is securely installed in the fishing area, and you can begin to zakarmlivaniyu.
What to feed, WHAT catch?
For continuous feeding fishing areas I prefer to use a boiled peas. Use fine bait, of course, you can, that's just such a bait to attract mainly roach, which very quickly destroys everything edible in the fishing area, leaving nothing bream. Lure different groundbait mixes can only be combined with a fair amount of ballast - clay, which allows the balls of bait to stay longer at the bottom. But the clay in these places you will not find, you need to carry with them.
In addition, there is a danger that in the event of a significant waterlogged groundbait mixed with clay, its constituent, groundbait balls on the bottom for a long time will not blurred, which could result in damage to the bait. So we have to use bait such as peas. However, the pea is a favorite delicacy for bream, does not shrink from them, and large roach. Sometimes, if you plan to catch a medium-sized white bream, boiled peas to add steamed barley grain. For one or two fishings enough of a 1 kg of dry peas in the skin.
Peas prepared as follows: filled with cold water and left for 6-10 hours prior to its swelling. Prepared for further cooking peas must not have wrinkles, but its size is increased approximately 2-fold. In the future, you need to cook the peas over very low heat for an hour, or even more, depending on the variety and how peas "old". Ready for nozzle peas must be solid, the point of the hook should be easy to pierce the pea, and in such packing density is more like canned green peas.
Cook peas in a conventional pan and troublesome for a long time, so I'm doing easier - peas cook in a pressure cooker. Cooking peas in such pressure cookers under pressure is much faster. Thus, in a 5 liter pressure cooker peas cooked to the desired condition within 15 minutes after boiling. Homemade pan fitted with a pressure gauge, also has proven to be excellent.
It brought the peas on the fire until the pressure gauge 1.5-1.6 atmospheres of pressure, and it takes also about 15 minutes, remove from heat and cools ready peas in it without opening the lid. When fishing is carried out within a few days or even weeks, cooking peas is more reminiscent of the conveyor, in the morning, before leaving for a fishing trip, filled with water, dry beans, day decoction swollen peas in a pressure cooker, before the evening sunset drew ready peas from the cooker and again for a night filled dry peas, water, which will prepare after the morning dawn.
Of course, we must remember that should be preserved in the cold, otherwise they turn sour very quickly in the summer heat cooked vegetable packing and groundbait. If you can not use the refrigerator, then prepare the bait and nozzle is necessary before going on a fishing trip, and so that enough only for one time. Lure fishing zone better spot, dropping bait into the water in a large trough directly from the stern of the boat, on which will be installed on board a fishing rod or prikarmlivaya with hands, while making pre-emption on the course. In this case, you need to feed a nose mounted on the extensions of the boat. With a mild current of bait, lowered into the water from the bow of the boat, just be in the zone of the hook with a nozzle.
At what time of day to lure fishing place and how at the same time send the bait overboard - the question is not studied until the end, and the general opinion on this issue no. I do this - the bulk of the bait is sent in the area of fishing the night before. This can be done immediately after the preparation of choice fishing grounds and all the manipulations associated with the installation of a boat at anchor. In the morning, I spend only a small feeding during fishing.
In the evening, in the course of fishing on the bottom also falls a little bit of boiled peas, but the bulk of the bait in the water poured out only after the catch. Thus, it turns out that at the time of the morning or evening dawn start catching on the bottom, except for hooks packed with almost nothing, but the fish, privazhennaya to feeding areas, continues to actively look for food. It is only important not to overdo it with the amount of bait that it does not remain at the bottom of the fish is not eaten and did not soured.
But what is the attachment?
Of course, the same solid peas. The feed on it and catch. The advantages of such packing are obvious. Just as in the carp-phishing, which uses boilies, peas, in addition to its primary purpose, to be impaled on the hook, it performs another function - cuts off small fish by its size. Furthermore peas are used as nozzles steamed barley grain, wheat. Sometimes excellent results gives a dense mixture steep pea porridge with semolina. Fishing for vegetable packing is very effective throughout the summer, but the closer to the fall start to give preference bream bait animal. However, it is impossible to know in advance that prefers from the menu fish baits list and therefore must be sufficiently large.
It is worth experimenting with colors and flavors tips. At the last fishing trip, for example, large roaches could not resist the barley, colored food dye in bright red color when it is cooked. Out of competition for the small fry is barley, flavored with fragrant honey. With the success of bream caught on the nozzle, having a faint scent of anise, vanilla. But the smell of garlic, it seems, do not like bream. In general, you have to try everything. And then, finally, you can proceed to the very fishing.
At first glance, board rod primitive. Out of her grace and noble rigor inherent in the forms of fashion rods. What is the on-board a fishing rod? Remotely it resembles a cross between an increase of winter fishing rod and very reduced in size rod "Bologna" type. Components on-board fishing rods are the same as in winter, handle, reel and line, whip and cock switch. Even the way of fishing the same as for winter fishing on the "stanchions". The bite is determined by the movement of the lodge, after a successful fishing line sweeps selected hands. That is, the fundamental and significant differences, but there are peculiarities. These features enable the board to carry the bait to self-class gear.
Through trial and error I picked the best option for themselves a homemade fishing rod design board. However, I'm not saying that my version of the "most-most". You can not philosophize slyly with manufacturing side rods, and to look for cheap telescopic rod for jigging, good market is filled with such products in China. The use of such cheap "telescope" as the onboard a fishing rod is fully justified, as the saying goes, "cheap and cheerful". But still, I prefer "beading" of its production.
Structurally, the rod consists of a handle and a whip. . The total length of the rod 130 cm This size is not critical, but less than 80 cm bait is not worth doing, it is inconvenient when fishing, and great length is also not necessary - Rod becomes inconvenient to carry. After a fine sweeps, drawing fish hand made, and so the second movement after sweeps - a free hand to intercept the fishing line. The drawing speed of fish in this case is an important factor. With the depth of undercutting the fish to the surface it is fairly quiet, so it is very important to immediately "pull" the fish from the fishing zone, without scaring a flock of nursing. Quickly intercept hand when using long rods will not work, but the length of it to 130-150 cm it will be convenient to make.
The handle should be long enough, comfortable to grip with the hand without even looking at her. The last element entirely optional, but gives the fishing rod more presentable than the coil, fixed lengths of duct tape. The main center of gravity of the rod side should be concentrated precisely in the handle. So more chances at careless movement sent the bait on the bottom of the boat, and not on the bottom of the reservoir. The need for a long-handled caused by the fact that it should be in the side of a boat sitting near the fisherman, and for the board to act only whip rods. It is enough to measure the distance from the bead seat to the fisherman to decide what should be the length of the handle.
Putting the bait while fishing on board, I do not recommend, it is inconvenient to perform sweeps, and you can easily drown bait. In my version of the handle is made from a length of plastic water pipe diameter of 1/2 inch. Its length is 50 cm. The choice of material for the manufacture of the handle is not accidental. The diameter of a suitable, durable plastic, permanent deformation is not exposed, processed easily available to purchase, but also cut water plastic pipe has a hole that allows you to secure the rod in the handle of the whip.
whip itself must be relatively long and flexible. You can use the whip as inexpensive monolithic fiberglass vershinki cheap telescopic rods, only need to be equipped with such whips Passage rings for fishing line. Rings can be placed any, because the load on them will not grow. The easiest way to rings made of safety pins, uncomplicated removal of excess spending and making a slight bend "legs". Such choke ring is easy to whip primatyvayutsya thread, winding and impregnation can be any water-resistant varnish.
Optionally, use a wire for making the crossing rings. Perhaps the use of solid pieces of insulation from the wires of small cross-section, for example, from a telephone wire, called by the people "the field." Whip butt part of it is firmly attached to the handle. My favorite way of mounting - filling epoxy glue. It is only important when pouring a mixture of epoxy resin and hardener to make a partition inside the handle and put whip the exact center of the hole in the handle. In my onboard fishing rods as a whip used by the upper knee degraded spinning rods.
The coil is designed only for storing fishing line in casting nozzle and pulling the fish does not participate, so it can be of any type. I prefer a coil with a slight swing with the stopper and the hammer. With these coils it is very convenient to adjust the length of the fishing line in the fishery, ensuring optimal position near the bottom of the weights. It is desirable that the coil was strong enough to move freely untwisted itself under the weight of the sinker.
The main fishing line on the spool - 0.14 mm, maximum 0.16 mm. Less bet does not make sense, because the stretching is carried arms, and the line was not such a diameter that the bream, roach and small but not scary.
How to wind the fishing line on the spool? On sale are unwinding fishing line 25-30 meters, so it will be quite enough, especially as the age of the fishing line is not long - only one season, and sometimes less. Leashes I set 0.08 to 0, 12 mm. The length of the leash depends on the nature of fish, but on average their length is about 20-25 cm. Sometimes it is necessary to increase the length of the leash up to 40 cm. The hook is placed on the nozzle, but large enough, for example, №№ 6-8 on the international classification, with a short forend . Mormyshkas do not use at all. Especially do not specify either the name of the woods or model hooks, fishing line and hooks Choice - an individual matter, but I want to warn fans to buy "a penny's worth dimes" that good line and hooks never were cheap.
Equipment on-board a fishing rod weights somewhat different than the equipment float - there have only basic sinker shepherd boy missing. Depending on the current strength weight weights ranging from 1.5 to 5 grams. To Georgia - a position near the bottom, not to form an arc from the main line and to keep all of the snap tautly lodge, prior to the leash. There is another reason to use such a relatively heavy load - quickly check the upper and middle layers of water, not allowing the nozzle to be attacked by small fish - perched and roach.
If fishing is conducted in a long-familiar places, it's easier than constantly clamped on the main line "pellet" probably nothing you can imagine. But if in the course of catching current strength varies, the weight of the sinker is necessary to select, depending on fishing conditions, and would be better if it would be quick, but not clamped on the main line. A set of quick-shipped easily make yourself, having previously purchased upgrades moving "droplet" and "olive" of different masses. In the opening section of a sliding sinker inserted wire, stainless steel or brass better than a diameter of 0.7-0.8 mm. In the absence of brass wire, can be simply inserted into the opening section of a paper clip. The wire should be inserted into the hole tightly the sinker.
Outgoing ends of the wire have a length of 5-8 mm. The ends of the piece of wire on each side of needle files are processed with fine serrated and sanded to remove rough and sharp edges that can damage the line. If the wire is not sufficiently firmly planted in the hole of the sinker, it is possible to slightly compress the soft lead sinker in the middle or put on a drop of glue in place of the wire out of the body weights. Or you can solder a place out of the cargo body wire. In the absence of moving weights is quite acceptable as a starting billet take regular slotted weights used in sets for equipping the float rod and clamp the wire cut into the slot.
To fix this sinker on the fishing line used two lengths of wire insulation of the corresponding diameter. Better find the insulation camouflage colors - black, dark green. Stretches of isolation are constantly on the main line, and wire lugs are simply inserted into these segments insulation, firmly holding the sinker. Having a set of interchangeable weights can quickly and easily choose the desired additional loading on the basis of fishing conditions. It goes without saying that the value of the sinker weight should correspond duty hut.
Storozhok board fishing rod differs from its fellow winter large size, especially in length. What is not welcome in equipping winter fishing rods, for example, an additional element for a better visual control, in this case, very applicable. As the cock performs only one function - registration of bite, then its structure can be much simpler than the design of the winter hut. There are no strict requirements to this lodge, in contrast to its winter version, all is not shown. The material of any applicable - polyester, polymer, metal.
The important thing is to retain his cock springy properties and had no permanent deformation after the sweeps. Everything has to be simple and functional. Storozhok should have significant carrying capacity that is dictated by the weight applied weights. The length of the lodge, in my opinion, may be 120-200 mm. The longer the cock, the longer it takes the tip, registering bite, and, therefore, will have a little more time fishing on the implementation of effective sweeps.
Again, it should be noted that at the time of the bite, which is most often "on the rise", cock partially balances the weight of the sinker that does not give the fish suspicious. And the longer the cock, the greater the length of time it will be when lifting weights to balance the weight. But it should be noted that the use of a longer lodge will require the angler to do a sharp slicing down when biting. And so the longer board a fishing rod is preferred.
Deviation lodge down under the weight of about 40 degrees relative to the horizon line. And, of course, the cock shall be able to change the working part, adjusting the length of a sinker weight for optimum bending angle.
With a length of 120 mm to the lodge from the additional throughput for the fishing line rings on the plate lodge can be easily refuse, but if its length exceeds the specified value, the one through-ring located in the middle of his plate, still appropriate. It is desirable that a ring of flow has been able to move around the plate nod. So it will be easier to transport and fishing rods, and setting it in preparation for fishing.
As the cock must be placed on board a fishing rod whip? How someone like that. It is also possible lateral and direct layout. If the flow is totally absent or slow, it is likely, lateral arrangement lodge is even more preferable for a better visual control. But on average, and the rapid current location of the lodge is better to direct, so cock will be more sensitive to the careful bite. For onboard fishing rods with no whip on the final ring - "tulip", you can use any cock purchase the correct size and capacity. In my on-board a fishing rod, with whips in the "tulip", I use the hut made from flat spring from the Dialers old disk telephone and watch the flat springs.
In fact, a gatehouse, as if he was not regulated, is not enough. I have the lodge for three sets of fishing rods on board, the first of which is designed for fishing in conditions of slow flow or lack thereof, the second and third sets are intended for fishing on the middle reaches. It is possible that in the fishing conditions on a strong current load mass will have to increase significantly, which would entail an increase in the gatehouse and capacity. But I never strong current caught. Kits differ from each other in length and carrying capacity. If the cock of the first set has a length of 120 mm and a maximum load capacity of 1.5 t., T. E. Deflection under this loading at an angle of 40 degrees, the cock of the third set has a length of 200 mm and a load capacity of 5 t.
Interestingly, in my view, lodge design, made of flat clock spring, which combines a finite ring and through-element which improves the visual control of the lodge. Cut a leaf spring at one end has a "tulip", the second end slidably mounted on the tips of whip rods. By itself, the "tulip" for the lodge is the perfect end to a through ring scaffold, but other than that, having a relatively large size, the function of the volume element, allowing better visually capture the motion lodge with bite.
If you wish, you can make this item a little brighter, closed place plate connection "tulip" or a thermal insulation pipe yellow, green, red, or a combination thereof, or placed near the "tulip" plastic ball of bright color. Fixing "tulip" on the metal strip does not present any difficulty. Landing tube "tulip" is flattened to a width lodge plate, the plate itself is smeared with glue and inserted into the seat tube flattened "tulip", after which the tube is further crimped with pliers or a hammer rattles. The intermediate ring on the plate movable hut, it allows you to have any part of the plate lodge.
Mount lodge to apex in the following manner. Lodge plate must pass freely through the hole between the legs "tulip" whip rod and with some effort to enter the flat polymer tube fixed to the apex of the whip "tulip". As such tubes can be used for the appropriate length of the diameter of the wire insulation, pre-heating it over an open fire and giving a flat shape. Mounting tubes effected by gluing with subsequent impregnation and filament winding a waterproof lacquer. It is important not to overdo it with the coil, providing more or less freedom of movement in the cavity plate lodge tubes.
IN CONCLUSION SOME ADVICE
When choosing a place to catch a good idea to make sure that in this place you will catch alone. I have nothing against my colleagues on the hobby, but very often the neighborhood with other fishermen came to an end for me, at best, attempts to "neighbors" to stuff me various kinds of information, ranging from conversations "for life", ending dedication to me to point the neighbor of on fishing on the political situation in the country. In the worst case, if there is no biting the neighbors, you can listen to an offer to become their sponsor, supplying nozzle, bait, hooks, and tell and show you how and what you catch. Therefore, it is very important condition for bream fishing is the observance of absolute silence. That is why you need to arrange everything in the boat so that it was convenient to use. Zadok the water better left before the start of fishing itself.
What you need to have on board fishing rods?
Not more than two. And then, only one, as a rule, and the second is fishing in a boat as a spare. If the bite is, a rod is sufficient, and if it is not - and will not save a dozen. After successful sweeps by drawing fish fishing action must be exactly the same as for winter fishing, but fishing rod is placed not on the ice, and in the boat. monofilament selected hands does not fit on the bottom of the boat rings, that is actually on foot fishing, as recommended in some articles, and goes overboard as stretching. So it will be less likely to confuse it. During drawing fish fishing line tension must be constantly monitored fingers, so that in case of resistance, we could always pass a certain fish stock of fishing line.
In addition to the mandatory accessories, extractor or medical clamp to extract the hook from the fleshy lips of fish caught - in the boat should be landing net with a short, up to one meter pen, preferably with the grid, not to confuse the sinker and the hook. With such a landing net is not only more convenient to take the fish out of the water, but also to make further manipulation for extraction and lowering the hook in the fish tank without recording it in a boat, which will help keep the "workplace" and clothing clean.
It is possible, if the hand is hard and strong nerves, do without a landing net, taking the fish out of the water at his head. As I mentioned, bream undercut the surface is calm enough, not arranging circus somersaults, as often happens when fishing in shallow water. On the surface, having taken a sip of air, fish freezes for a few seconds, at which point it can be easy to take a hand. But I still prefer the landing net.