In the northwestern part of the Black Sea inhabited by a small population of gray mullet, wrasse, or thick-lipped mullet. The main object of the power serve mullet sediment (detritus), which is constantly in search of worms filters. Catch mullet on the Black Sea from mid-July to October the autumn cold snap, since the water temperature is below 10-12 ° C mullet moving away from the coastal shelf for the winter in the pits. The best time of catching mullets of all kinds - from the second half of August, when they start to actively look for food along the shoreline at a depth of 1.5-10 m.
Where to catch
Artificial ridge and breakwaters. Thanks to the work to strengthen the railway line from the ravages of the sea anglers had an excellent opportunity to do what he likes in a fairly comfortable environment, sitting or standing on the heaps of boulders, concrete blocks and obstacles next. These seemingly random piles are used to fish a great place for spawning, foraging and protection from the storm.
The surface of the blocks and boulders inhabited by a huge variety of shellfish (mussels, oysters, brine, trikolii), algae (eelgrass, Cystoseira, phyllophora) and attractive for fish marine flea-tilitridami, idoteyami, crustaceans, amphipods. The substrate is placed between the concrete and the colonies of mussels, marine worms inhabit - Nereis and Lugworms that serve fine nozzle. With the known skill they can earn the most.
It is worth paying attention to waterlogged in 20-70 m parallel to the shore concrete blocks that serve as breakwaters. They are also colonies of mussels, sea grass Eelgrass meadows, fitomikrobentos (fouling), giving much food mullet and other fish. This type breakwaters are for local fishermen principal place of effective catching mullet, sea carp, croaker, mullet, garfish at depths of 2.5-10 m in September -. October near the breakwaters formed some places of mass Jora large shoals haarder that are suitable to the shore and often fall prey to poachers.
Since the end of July, when the sea water temperature reaches 24-26 ° C, golden mullet shoals of 50-300 individuals from early morning till late in the evening and even at night can go into shallow water (12.5 m) estuarine areas of rivers to search for food. After heavy rains in the mountains here rivers carry a large variety of organic substances and animal organisms. The bottom of the river on the border of the sea is covered by the specific sediments, so-called detritus, which is the main food of the Black Sea mullets of all kinds. At the mouth of the river, on the border of the sea, is very productive fishing mullet on the bottom rope.
The port is often possible to see local rybolovov- "veterans" from 4-6-meter rigid (Makhov) rods, eager to catch at the end of the summer welcome "chularku" (mullet, gray mullet), and if you are lucky, grab a still red mullet, gobies, skorpenu and horse mackerel. In summer, the waters of the port often come numerically small shoals of mullet, gray mullet and mullet. However, local fishermen are extremely sensitive to the "competitors", but if you get mussels and sea worms, you can get in a remote corner of the port and after a couple of days with the help of well-prepared bait "tighten" its point of small schools of gray mullet.
Catch the best hard Makhov rod length of 4-6 meters. It is necessary to pre-measure home-made or purchased depth gauge depth in the place where you are going to fish, as dredgers periodically deepen the bottom and place may not be suitable for float fishing rod. Marine worms nozzle will have to look elsewhere. As part of the pier, located at the water's edge, located colonies of mussels, and under them, in the substrate on a concrete base, inhabited by annelids polychaetes Nereis - most effective packing.
Pensions and motels
The best time for fishing from piers mullet any kind in August - September - from 16 to 2 o'clock in the morning. Wait for a pause after 19 hours, when most travelers go to dinner, and pre-prepared bait and packed safely take up space on the edge of a pier or breakwater coming from him. Unfortunately, the large catches are not expected, as the mullet, frightened by the noise during the day, gets around this place party. In this situation, you can use the bottom gear ( "cup") and try to catch the runs along the underwater ridge mullets at a depth of 5-10 m.
Very often the pier parallel to the coast extend in both directions breakwaters, drowned in the 15-50 cm from the surface of the sea. On the breakwater chances of catching mullet in calm weather increases. Standing feet on a concrete slab breakwater, anybody interfering, it is possible in the morning until late at night to catch the mullet as a hard rod and Donkey.
For the bottom and float fishing mullet use a variety of baits: mussels, Lugworms, polychaete annelids Nereis and small manure or earthworm. In some cases, the effective head of the crumb of white bread with the addition of anise oil.
Mussels are formed on the breakwater rocks, cliffs, piers, artificial reefs and submerged large colony (called drusen). These shellfish are excellent attachment for catching saltwater fish of all kinds, except for mullet. During Jora, in August - September, and it can occasionally bite on mussel mainly in the mouths of mountain rivers. In this case, the mussels need to prepare the bait and bait.
For mussel harvesting needs a regular spatula blades with a width not exceeding 12 cm. The hole at the end of the spatula handle is thread the nylon cord, so as not to drown tool for harvesting mussels. It is better to stock up on all mussels in the vicinity of the site of the alleged fishing on the breakwater. Hooking spatula substrate with mussels attached to it, you can prepare in 10 minutes 3-4 kg of clams for bait. When mussels separation from the substrate across it sometimes necessary for attachment worms - Nereis and lobworm.
Most common nozzle for mullet - Nereis, polychaete annelid green (sometimes dirty-olive) color, reaching a length of 8 cm, in appearance resembles a centipede. Lives he in the substrate on underwater ridges, seabed under boulders on the estuarine areas and elsewhere. Having found a colony of mussels on a breakwater or underwater, pick up a spatula with mussels substrate. Worms were collected from the bottom side of the substrate. Local fishermen mussels stacked substrate in a plastic bag, and laid out on the pier to the entire mass of concrete and pick out "prey." But it is better to put in Nereis hanging on the neck of a plastic bottle with seawater and shellfish add to the package for the preparation of the bait with the addition of a large amount of white bread.
The substrate can be seen and the other red-brown sea worm - lobworm 12 cm This is a great tip, which manages to catch large specimens of striped mullet, croaker and sea carp.. But he comes in accessible places for anglers rarely. At you can divide it into parts of the catch, spitted on a hook № 5-6.
Rain and manure worms are not used for sea fishing. But they can actively peck golden mullet in short-term utility bills at the mouth of the river, where he used to meet with the rains brought worms mountains. Bait to hold jamb golden mullet fishing in the area are made of bread and chopped earthworms. In salt water, these same worms are killed instantly on the hook, and the fish do not pay attention to them.
When fishing for mullet is often used as a nozzle specially prepared white bread under the condition that a large amount of it is used for bait. Packed beads made from bread, aniseed flavored oil. Better to take a well-baked and the beginning of stale white bread flour with lots of gluten. It is necessary to cut a loaf cake, crumble it in a pan, add a little water and leave to swell for 5-10 minutes. Then knead the bread hands until uniform dough, add to it three to five drops of anise oil and mix thoroughly again. Reduce the cooked mass in the bowl and leave for 15 minutes. Next to stick on the weight of the balls to the nozzle 5-6 mm in diameter and put them into an empty matchboxes. The nozzle of white bread golden mullet willingly take only the period of active bite - to the end of August, and in June and July, the fish completely indifferent to the bread.
Bait thrown into the water for three to five days before the beginning of fishing and kept constant for the entire period of fishing. Thus it is possible to attract joint mullet, constantly migrating along the coast at a depth of 1.5-5 m, close to the breakwater. Bait serves to hold the fish while angling.
Some fishermen say that the fish need to be caught on what it prikormleny. In fact, the nozzle should always be a "coveted" than the food on the bottom of the sea, or fish bait particles to be missed, not attachment. When choosing bait should be considered diurnal feeding fish migration. For example, at one and the same place after 17 hours to the coast at the same time may be suitable golden mullet and sea carp. In this case it is advisable to use two types of bait. Previously in a mask and flippers to explore the bottom is the landscape of the fishery.
If the water has a free space with a sandy or muddy bottoms in a radius of 5-10 m, it is such a seemingly "lifeless" place constantly visited by schools of mullet. When the bait is made correctly, fish- "scouts" lead to this place cant for 40-60 minutes. One to three days can be trained to come herd mullet bait in place, and then gently tossing bait, to be held for all time angling. All major types of baits and bait available at the moment, based on the use of freshly baked white bread, processed cheese, meat, mussels and herring fish, and - in rare cases - dung and earthworms.
"The Wave", "amber" and "Viola" The best bait and bait for all types of mullet is considered a multi-component mixture consisting of bread (a loaf of white flour), minced anchovy, wheat flour, processed cheeses. There are two versions of this bait differing from each other only in the number of components.
Ingredients for the first embodiment:
- anchovy, sprat, silverside (salt, fresh) - 0.3 kg;
- white bread from flour - 1 kg;
- processed cheese - 0.15 kg;
- wheat flour - 0.2 kg.
Bread soaked in water scroll through a meat grinder. Then add the missed twice in a fine lattice of anchovy and cream cheese. Components kneaded until cool goo. Poured the flour, add a little water. From the resulting mass on the shores of molded balls with a diameter of 15-20 cm, which is compacted gravel.
For the second variant of bait will need:
- freshly baked white bread;
Carefully grind the stone directly on the pier about 1 kg of mussels. Three or four break a loaf in half and taking the halves in his hands, immersed in sea water (30-40 seconds) for swelling of gluten. Soaked bread laid out on the pier and rubbed his hands in a monotonous thick sticky mass. Processed cheese is then added (about 50-70 g), pebbles (up to 20% by weight), ground mussels. Bait carefully kneaded her hands out of her mold balls with a diameter of 15-20 cm and immediately thrown into the point of fishing.
The third option is only effective bait at the mouth of the river, on the border of the sea, where the water is much desalinated. Where you can catch in the rain and manure worms and prepared bait on their basis. Technology of preparation of bait is the same as that with mussels, only instead of shells and cheese into the mixture was added 150-200 g of finely chopped worms. Generally, any bait bombarded at least three times per day: in the morning at 6 hours, 14 hours and one hour before the start of fishing, i.e. 15-16 hours. The bait of the same components neatly tossed to a place of fishing at least once an hour to keep the shoal of mullet in the area of fishing.
The best time for fly fishing mullet is the period from 16 to 21 hours, when it is actively biting on nereisa. Quite often jamb mullet coming to the shore in 18-19 hours and caught most of the night (up to 3 hours) without interruption. Especially successful is considered to be fishing the day before the storm and immediately afterwards, while the sea finally calmed down. Dead calm sea makes fishing mullet from the coast is absolutely hopeless.
Fishing rod makhov
In this way the catch from the shore, piers, breakwaters, piers fish weighing up to 1 kg. Trophies are mostly mullet and golden mullet. Loban the coast is increasingly rare, and it is easier to get a ground tackle and rod with a reel equipped with a sliding float.
fishing grounds are often removed in 50-70 meters from the shore recessed concrete blocks breakwaters. Examining a mask bottom topography near them, try to find a narrow strip of shallow water that is free of large boulders, with thickets Phyllophora, preferably with a muddy bottom and a depth of 2-4 m. Often such "islands" throughout the day come "spies" in the mass 100-200 g, and in the late afternoon to bait pulled the main herd. Half an hour before angling throw bait, guided by the directions at the rod fishing. The first balls are sent to 1 m on rod tip, and then under vershinku.
The novice angler can be difficult to determine mullet bite that quickly pulls the hook (with no noticeable fluctuations 1-1.5 gram float), removes the nozzle and floats away to the side. mullet often lifts the nozzle, then the float rests on the water, it was then necessary to make a sharp and cutting. The most important guideline for the troubled sea becomes a long antenna. The nozzle should be in the 10-15 cm from the bottom, but in this case it will be able to find a mullet. Therefore, you must carefully Gaugeable depth before fishing. The optimum depth - 2-3 m.
Many visiting anglers believe that the sea fish are biting mostly calm. This is a profound mistake. Mullet summer and autumn in a dead calm enough to feed and almost coming to the shore. She begins to miss the bait with a little wave and even with tangible excitement of the sea. In this case we have to put a snap with a float is stable and closely monitor his behavior, not to miss a bite. We need to cut down with a slight change in the position of the float. mullet fishing is the most successful on the first day after the storm, when the sea is not completely calm, the water is murky and the bottom abounds washed animal organisms.
Bottom gear "cup"
The first version of the bottom gear, called "cup" has been widely used on the Black Sea coast. It is almost an exact copy of the freshwater version snap, referred to as "dummy", and designed for carp that have an innate reflex to suck or involve food, methodically rubbing the food in the mouth. All Black Sea mullet feed on sediments and fouling, and also have a natural sucking reflex to filter the top layer of mud. This feature is used and mullet fishermen Sochi, make efficient and highly mobile gear, with the help of which it is possible to fish large areas of sea coasts in a short period of time.
Tackle consists of a spinning rod of medium hardness is no longer than 2.5 m, fast-response spool of fishing line and 0.3-0.5 mm in diameter and 100 m long. With some skill, even with very strong side wind can throw a "cup" 30 -40 m.
Georgia, feeder and hooks up to snap a single unit. For the feeder, you can use the lid from a plastic bottle with a capacity of 0.5-2.0 liters, but it is better to choose the cover of 1-2 mm thick with a diameter of 45 cm and a height of 2-3 cm. To her bottom with a bolt, nut and two washers attached lead sinker weighing 30-40 g in a circle melted right on the outer diameter of the cap. The lid side wall drill hole of 1 mm diameter, into which the fishing line is passed from a lead diameter of 0.4 mm and a length of 1 m at the end a snap. On the other hand the leash inside the lid tie retaining ring, which is attached to a lead of four fishing lines 0.15-0.17 mm nickel-plated hooks number 3.5-6 with a long forearm.
There is another option gear assembly when the bottom lid poured white lead is then drilled hole into which the lead is inserted with the locking ring. Feeder should fall to the bottom lead down to the fish can find food faster. To bring tackles alert enough to fasten the main fishing line to a swivel carabiner leash with a trough and fill cover food so that the hooks do not rest on the bottom, and were distributed evenly over the area of "cup". To this end, the retaining ring with the leash pulled out of the cover, and then stuffed her food. Then, with a lead ring placed in the lid and utaplivajut hooks in the stern. Mullet, finding "cup", begins to suck the food, and with it, and hooks that immediately tries to spit it out.
The composition of the mixture for feeding trough
- Wheat bread from flour - 500 g
- pate sprat or canned saury - 130 g (1 tin)
- Wheat flour - 100 g
- Cream - 50g
With a sharp knife free freshly baked bread from the crust, put it in a pan and pour just enough water to swollen crumb, but remained elastic. After 5 minutes, the bread scroll through a meat grinder or mulled thoroughly hands directly in the pan. Add sprat pate, cheese and stir gently adding flour. The resulting mass scroll through a meat grinder. Some anglers sprat pate replace two or three drops of anise oil. The prepared mixture for one to two hours put in the refrigerator, so that it has not deteriorated to start fishing.
Then proceed to the preparation of the special bait for mullet, whose composition is different from the trough to the mixture. Fresh, broken down into pieces of bread placed in a bucket and poured cold water (no more than 1 liter) for swelling of gluten. Then the bread is ground by hand or passed through a small grate in a meat grinder. Add the cheese, dry food, flour, again mixed thoroughly until the abrupt test status and scroll through a meat grinder. The whole is put in a bag and put them in the fridge, if you are not going to immediately go on a fishing trip.
Place bottom fishing for mullet is selected on the basis of the same principles as for the float. Especially productive fishing with such a strong sea state, when mullet keep feeding at some distance from the shore, at a depth of 5-10 m. The strong wave of large mullet not far from the coast and extends actively runs along the underwater ridge in flocks of 20-30 birds. In the summer, especially at the end of August, actively biting between 11 and 14 hours. Prior to fishing three to six balls of bait throw at a distance of not less than 15-20 meters away from the pier. Then feed charge "cup" and send it to the same place where bait balls dropped. At cutting mullet makes strong jerks and rod tip begins to vibrate to indicate biting. In the derivation of the fish can not weaken the line, as is often the slightest procrastination mullet is released from the hook and leaves.
Scandinavian bottom gear is used in combination with 3-4-meter telescopic rod or spinning a length of 2.5 m and a test of 200-250 Coil fit any (or multiplier inertialess), most importantly, with good friction brake. The main line was soft, transparent, 0.5 mm in diameter; swivel with snap hook at its end is needed for fixing the bottom snap.
The latter consists of a scaffold in diameter 0,30-0,32 mm, about 80 cm long, one end of which is tied split ring (carabiner to clip to the main line) and at the other - the swivel-tee with sinker "torpedo" the mass of 50- '70 to him attach the leash length of 15 cm, with nickel-plated hook number 6 with a long forearm. At 5 cm from the hook is fixed sliding float beads in red carrying capacity of 10-15
When casting to a distance of 20-30 m and a depth of 5-10 m sinker pulls the entire structure on the bottom, but the float pops up quickly, and the nozzle hangs in the 12-15 cm from the bottom. Hook packed with lobworm or nereisa located up a sting. After falling to the bottom of snap needed podmotat slack line and loosen the brake coil. Catch tackle this better with the end of August, in the range of 17 to 24 hours, when mullet bite become more greedy and confident. Bait of bread and cream cheese throw for 1 hour before the start of fishing exactly catching sector.