To begin with, let us remember what it is. Feeder - English bottom fishing gear, as well as a way to tackle this fishing. Homeland feeder is Albion and this is where originally gave the name for this gear - feeder, which translated means: benefactor, feeder.
Now in stores a large variety of feeder rods, and understand what is the currently take, for an inexperienced person it is really a problem. Well if you will fall explanatory seller, and if not, what then? So I decided to clarify the situation a little for those who need it the most. How to catch at the feeder. You cast your bait to the bottom snap into the pond, set the rod on the stand, pull the line and wait for a bite.
Bite you fix on responsive apex (whip) of the feeder, painted in bright colors. So there is fishing on the feeder, and now move on to the selection. The optimal length of the feeder rod is within the 3.30-3.90 m. But there is still a rod length 4.50 m., and they are specifically designed for fishing on the river. Thus the rod can be fished at a long distance without increasing the weight of the feeding trough.
True it is necessary to catch them in a clean and level ground to avoid the trees and bushes nearby; otherwise you can lose a tackle or snap. There are two types of forms - is telescopic and plug. Telescopic rods acquire or beginners, or those who are not satisfied with the size of the plug feeder. Better to take a plug feeder, it is better suited for this type of fishing.
Included with the rod are removable whip (2-4 pieces) and they are all different stiffness. Some are made of fiberglass (they are softer and cannot be identified by a colored bottom, it matte white), others of carbon (they are more rigid and at the bottom, unpainted part black).
If you are fishing in a pond with stagnant water, then put the whip softest (GRP), and then you will have a very sensitive tackle. If you are fishing in the river with the current, then put the whip of carbon fiber, moderate or high stringency. Usually branded whip rods, written markings in ounces, which represents a degree of hardness (1 oz, 2 oz, 3 oz, 4 oz; 1 oz = 28 gr.)
The higher the number, the harder the whip. And if there is no labeling, the rigidity of the whip is determined very simple: take all at the same time whip for the tulip and to the vertical position to a horizontal translating them and you will see how they bend under its own weight. The more bent whip, so it is softer and therefore fewer whips moved away from its axis, so it is tougher.
Feeder rod also divided into classes: light, medium and heavy. Class feeder rods is determined by the systems and test.
Middle class rods have a softer operation (under load running the entire form) and test up to 60-80 grams. (Test shows what the maximum weight you can throw the rod without the risk of breakage). Typically, these rods are perfect for fishing in standing water or on the river with a small current. They are well withstanding the load at catching large specimens and a lot of emotions angler, but only with proper stretching.
Heavy class rods have a hard operation (under load does not work the whole form, and the upper part of it) and test them ranges from 90-150 grams. Such rods are used for fishing in the rivers and middle fast flowing, as well as for targeted large fish catching. There are super heavy class rod and test reaches 180-200 gr. But it seems to me, and then it is better to take longer carp rod.
And so we looked at what are the feeder rods and their characteristics. It now remains to be determined how the rod right for you, and what factors to consider when choosing a feeder. If you are going to catch on ponds or rivers with little current, then you are quite satisfied with the feeder length of 3.30-3.60 m (some rods are equipped with additional knee and then the length is increased by 30-40 cm) and test up to 80 grams.
I think it is the most versatile option (on the tackle can successfully catch not only the carp, but also large fish up to 10 kg, the main thing correctly), but it is necessary to take into account one important detail, the heaviest feeders that you can use with these forms must weigh 20-30 grams. Less than the stated test rod. Let your rod test up to 80 grams. It means the maximum weight of the feeder should not exceed 50-60 g. + the weight of the bait 20-30 gr. It turns out the same 80 grams.
Otherwise, if you reload the form, you can break it. Feeder rod with a test to 150-160 gr. and a length of 3.60-3.90, and more, designed to catch fish under more severe conditions: large rivers with strong currents and wells (there are often used feeders weighing more than 100 gr.) or for catching big fish.
Therefore, before buying a tackle, you have to determine where you'll catch and what sort of conditions. Of course, if you are fishing in different conditions, then you will need and the different rods. Universal rod does not happen, if you want to enjoy fishing in full force.
Picker and feeders are designed for fishing in different waters. Rods with a removable flexible apex well proven for fishing on rivers with low and moderate current. In strong current uses a powerful feeder with the apex less flexible. With it, you can throw fairly heavy feeders.
For each of the rods fit a small or medium-reel, best open inertia less. Spare spool filled with fishing line of various thicknesses will allow you to respond to any situation at the pond. In most cases, the optimum is a monofilament fishing line diameter 0,16-0,18 mm.
Monofilament 0.14 mm is designed for lightweight flexible, it is indispensable to bottom-fishing lakes, fishing line 0.20 or 0.22 mm - Reserve for feeder fishing in the river. With further preference casting trough "wicker". However, you should avoid sudden movements especially when casting because it low-stretch and cannot amortize.
Georgia should ensure the casting distance, keep the bait on the bottom and do not interfere with direct contact nozzle accepting fish from biting signaling. Form sinker depends on the nature of the reservoir. Often used with a pear-shaped pour swivel, so-called "bomb", quickly reaching the bottom.
Flat triangular weights are more stable when fishing in the strong current, and they are not so quickly sink into the muddy ground. "Bomb" is the flow force is easily rolled back. It should be considered as the same roach happy to bite the bait, movable over. The corresponding reloading easy to pick up with the help of lead pellets fixed on the side-off take.
The advantage is that when you come off the toe sinkers lead-removal, not all of snap. In the classic snap-bottom sinker is attached in the blind and in the sliding versions. In the first case, the first end of the main fishing line tied with a conventional loop eight node that is cut so that one end is longer than the other half. On the short end tightly bound sinker to the end of a long - leash.
In the second case, it puts a sliding sinker limiter in the form of a swivel or stop. Before swivel is a rubber bead that protects the unit from the constant clashes with the sinker. Then follows the lead. Instead of the plastic stopper on the line can be assigned a lead pellet. The leash is connected to the main line way "loop in the loop."
If kvivertip nod when biting bends without warning, then the length of the leash should be reduced. At the same time it provides a long leash freedom of fish action. With a very gentle biting the leash sometimes helps out a length of about 120 cm. For bottom fishing white fish hooks used number 8-18, with which you can offer any bait fish.
Whether it's "sandwich" of corn and worms on the hook number 8 for the large chub, a piece of dough on the hook for the number 12, or a pair of hungry bream maggots on the hook number 16 for silver roach - everything is very simple! Let us consider in more detail some of the features of the bottom of fishing.
At the disposal of the German anglers, there are special rods for bottom fishing. Their length is about 3 m. The top ring is provided with a thread, which is screwed into the pendulum switch (Swing-tip). When casting at first may be a problem, as is strictly necessary to ensure that the rod is not only pushed forward during flight bait, but was on a direct line with the pendulum signaling.
Only in this case, the fishing line passes freely through the crossing of the ring and is provided casting distance. There are different types of "pendulum" with a definite purpose. The standard is usually made of bamboo rod. Length and weight depend on the fishing conditions. The longer and harder to switch, the easier it is to perform long-distance casting.
If fishing interferes with a strong wind, it should reload alarm via mobile lead sinkers, which moves up or down, depending on the wind strength and direction. Another method to cheat the wind: it is necessary to immerse the tip of the alarm bit in the water. Then he will not be shaken. It is important that the rod tip, lying on two supports, aimed at catching point.
After casting the fishing line is pulled so hard that the alarm is no longer forms a right angle with respect to the rod tip, and is directed obliquely forward. When biting it either rises - a fish swims with the bait from fishing or to the side - or falls back. In this case, the fish, which has taken the bait, is directed toward the angler.
Kvivertip or trembling apex
Flexible signaling bites (Quiver-tip) are not as exposed to the wind, like a pendulum. However, they respond well even to the most cautious bite and can be used not only in the waters of the closed type, but also on easy and moderate current, that is, their field of application is much wider.
So-called pickers and feeders typically have a length of 2.7-3 m. Each of them includes several removable flexible kvivertipov different thicknesses, which allows catching in a variety of conditions. Unlike pendulum sensors, they are a continuation of the rod.
So throw is not a problem. Rod is located on two supports, generally parallel to the coastline. Its tip is located at 0.5-1 m from the surface. So that the effect of the wind on the line is minimal. The rod can be held in the hand, manipulating the bait and not taking his eyes off the alarm. Just so you can instantly respond to thievish bite.
After casting a fishing line should pull to tip is slightly bent. When the fish tries to tip, flexible alarm begins to tremble. But the fish bait in the mouth starts moving in the direction of the fishing and kvivertip shows facelift - it's time to strike. If the fish after the bite is directed towards the fishing tip is quickly recedes.
Very popular among western anglers enjoy fishing with bottom trough. With this method the hook catching nozzle may be offered the fish in the vicinity of the feed. Special feeder rods have a length of 3,3-4 m and calculated on a fairly strong current. They are available in the following versions: Light, Medium, Heavy. The right choice depends on the weight feeders, casting distance and velocity.
The heavier bottom casing, the stronger must be the rod. Open fill usual bait of plant components with a low content of the larvae, or none at all. Closed trough filled with food of animal origin (bloodworm, grubs, worms, etc.). Here again it is necessary to fix the nozzle on the hook, and then to fill the bird feeder.
Otherwise, the mobile larvae can crawl out of the hole even on the beach. Using or underused feeders depends on the flow rate and fishing tactics. If the bait has to lie quietly on the bottom feeder at catching on throughout the required heavier. But sometimes the preference should be given to the feeding trough, which could be easily moved along the bottom with the help of the river flow.
To quickly lock the desired distance to the long-term feeding places, before catching a couple of times throw feeder, after removing the leash with a hook. In the future, it is very important to make precise casts. Only in this case the action of the bait can be effective. To fix the catch point, use the following technique.
After a successful casting a fishing line should be near the mark coil waterproof marker. Then do throw a few meters beyond the point of feeding the trough and tighten to itself in accordance with the marking. Now you need to throw exactly in this direction. To this end, it suffices to choose on the opposite bank, such as a big tree on it and to focus on the cast.
Back to the subject of the judgment seat with fishing Quivertip I decided after a few times I saw on the shore anglers, in my opinion, it is not quite correct mounted equipment. Many of those caught with rod Quivertip, tied to the main line, two swivels: one located in front of the leash with a hook, and the other restricts the free movement on the main line rigid plastic tube with a fastener for attaching the trough.
Their only argument in favor of such equipment - speed joining prefab snap to the rod and, therefore, easy transportation. But, alas, such installation has obvious drawbacks. This snap unnecessarily rude and not sensitive enough. We must ensure that the fish, trying to tip, decided to swallow it without waiting for a dirty trick.
Now imagine what can happen during a take on overly complex tooling. Of course, there will be no problems if the bottom would be as smooth as a table, although a small inflection of line using the plastic may still be alerted fish. But if at the bottom will be a small bump, or a pebble - just trouble - a little grass, the cautious bream or roach sly certainly have time to spit out the nozzle before Quivertip react to bite.
Even if one of the swivels away, leaving one to which is attached a leash, it is still not ideal. To swivel when casting is not stuck inside the tube, it is necessary to put an impressive bead, or against your will get "deaf" snap (the so-called «Boltrig»), designed for the pumping of fish. "Deaf" snap in combination with a heavy sinker or trough is normally used when fishing for carp, clipping attachment "on hair", but that's another catch.
Where is the exit? The banal phrase that all brilliant - easy, fully suited to tooling for bottom fishing - they should be extremely simplified. The snap-in to use quite a sliding on the main line, but not attached to it a single with swivel buckle, which is attached to the feeding trough.
It is better to use swivels with a silicon carbide insert (SiC), is suitable for fixing to the line of sliding float for long casting. How to keep a leash on the overlap of the main fishing line when casting? Very good advice gives a multiple world champion, a member of the England team for float fishing Alan Skotthorn: all his leashes begin with elastic, double twisted from fishing line.
Make it easy
Retreat from the end of the fishing line 40 cm and fold it in half. At the site of the bend double knot makes a loop through her leash is attached to the main line. Then, taking both ends of the fishing line index finger and thumb, begin to twist them in one direction, egg, clockwise. By doing so, a fairly tight twist length of 10-15 cm, tying another double knot, be sure to moisten it before tightening.
Now to the long end of the hook tie and cut off short. It leads to better prepare in advance. Keep them can be in small plastic bags, envelopes. To avoid mistakes when choosing a leash on the package with waterproof marker must specify the length, the diameter of the fishing line and hook number. Leads to catch roach and bream knit from the fishing line with hooks 00,10-0,12 mm from №22 to 14 carp - from fishing line with hooks 00,12-0,18 mm from №16 to 8.
The snap to catch on within there is one small difference - one side of the loop should be 5-10 cm longer than the other, it will enable the trough far stronger than "keep the bottom" on the jet. Let me remind you that the rod when fishing on the river must be positioned vertically to minimize the impact of the flow on the line.
If done correctly, when lifting the fish do not feel any resistance from the equipment, and your rod tip is clearly enough to react to the bite. Produce snap on the bank - it five minutes. Of course, it's a little longer than a ready-made tie, with swivel to the main line, but the gain in sensitivity is too obvious.
With swivel clasp and trough simply slides on the main line and is stopped by a tiny bead, which is based on the cast on site. In my opinion, this can only be easier to be naked fishing line with a hook. I want to tell you about one more novelty, is subtracted from the English magazine.
Increasingly, Western fishermen used as a main line "Twist" with tenacity for roach and bream 8 lb, and carp - 12 lb. Sensitivity increases tackles fantastic as braided fishing line as opposed to monofilament does not stretch. But in the same way it increases the load on the clutch rod and reel, which must naturally be very high grade.