We strongly bream body broad, laterally compressed. The head is short, the muzzle slightly rounded and long for a better yaw through the mud in search of food. Under the cover of the gill plates are guttural teeth used for mining crushing. The body is covered with a continuous layer of mucus, which protects it from infection. The predominant color of juvenile’s silver; adult’s often gold and bronze colors. Back bream darker gray-greenish. Fins gray-blue sometimes turning into black.
Bream has well-developed senses as sight, smell and taste. It belongs to the family of carp fish. Bream is a fish that lives at considerable depths. Note if you want to take a picture with his trophy, and then let it go, it should be done immediately. A few minutes later his body becomes red, sometimes purple, and fish are weakened very quickly and may no longer recuperate.
Lezzy grow quite slowly, at the age of 5 years, the weight of the fish reaches about one kilogram. The average sizes of bream, which often come across about 50 cm and a weight of 2 kg, but the bream can reach larger - up to 70 cm and weighing over 7 kg.
Bream is one of the most common fish in Europe, with the exception of the Iberian Peninsula, in the Apennines, western France, the southern part of the Balkan Peninsula, in the north of Scotland and northern Scandinavia. He lives in lakes, rivers, reservoirs and plains in the coastal zone of the Baltic Sea, which often caught the beautiful specimens of this species. We do not see it only in the Mountain Rivers and lakes.
In lowland rivers bream has optimal conditions for growth and reproduction. It stretches of the river with a calm stream with relatively high summer temperatures. An important condition for living large populations of bream is the presence of silt and aquatic vegetation, which serves as his source of food.
The spawning bream
Bream spawns in May and June, when temperatures reached 12-17 degrees Celsius. Bream can be carried out in two stages, according to the old fishing guides: the first period falls on the flowering apple trees, chestnut trees and lilac and a second time at flowering sedge and cornflowers in the rye.
Spawning takes place in shallow water, where bream becomes easy prey for poachers. The spawning bream are usually very rapid, can be seen on the surface of the friction ridges of fish, which often cause a huge splash. Bream becomes sexually mature at the age of 4-7 years. In males at this time is visible on the head rash spawning.
The female lays the eggs several times on submerged vegetation or in the absence thereof, in submerged tree trunks. The female lies from 300 to 400 thousand sticky eggs. The incubation period lasts from 4-12 days (depending on temperature). During spawning are large schools of bream.
Bream feeds mainly on small invertebrates. The way he does it very interesting - gaining a full mouth of sludge with wildlife, then spits out with a vengeance. From the cloud of haze formed in the fall fish chooses tidbits. Bream with a length of 30 cm, can find food buried up to 15 cm in the mud.
Just food, bream is at a depth, and in the summer can collect insects from the surface. Often during the feeding, the presence of bream gives bubbles rising from the bottom and different debris. So we determine where to look and where to pour bream lure. These small shells with clams inside. In places where a large concentration of these shellfish is always solid bream flock.
Bream fed throughout the year. Fishing for bream is good from the ice, but the best time for catching bream is July, August and September. Good fishing for bream, we can also expect to soon after spawning.
Promising place for bream fishing
Bream loves quiet, protected from strong currents place, but sometimes good fishing for bream can turn and on the border of the strong current. Bream practically lives at depth, and is only to feed in shallow water for spawning. We can also find bream piled on the floor and drops on the inner bends of the rivers, where a small and peaceful flow of the river.
Successful fishing on bream is in the bays of the rivers with a depth of 1.5-2.5 meters. Rivers are often characterized by two main features: the depth and current. There are also places where one and a half gram float stands motionless until it will not move the 3-pound bream. But such places are rare and often the river is a great area at the sandy shallows.
Stable fishing for bream can be observed in the rivers, which have an additional feeding streams and small rivers, i.e. they have a permanent settlement of the water level. During the flood, and after heavy rains, to have a good catch when fishing for bream, it is necessary to know the place where it accumulates in the time. In unregulated rivers bream can be found in the deep, with slow flow areas.
In regulated rivers offer to pay attention to these places. The end of a long, straight section of the river, where it turns sharply, is leaning on the steep bank. This place is usually formed deep pits, passing downstream into a vast shallow depth of up to 160 cm,
Many suggest that the rivers bream loves secluded coves and bays that have been virtually stagnant water. I can refute this claim. Many of my fishing for bream passed it in rivers with strong currents.
Good location on the river for fishing on bream, where there are dams. In these places, below the dam accumulate large schools of fish. He had nowhere to move further upstream. Bream starts spinning in the area, creating large schools. But for large shoals of bream I have a lot of food.
Here in these places fishing for bream becomes uncontrollable. Bream neither bites almost anything to him nor offered. Such places are strictly controlled by the Fisheries Service.
Enemy number one bream is liguloza. This disease is caused by tapeworm. In infected bream often disproportionately bulging belly and normal swimming problems, which makes them easy prey for birds? It is not dangerous to human disease fish.
Bait fishing on bream
The best lures for bream are animal bait. This maggot, bloodworm, larva Caddis, white and red worms. Earthworms tend to be just as effective for bream fishing. When fishing on the rivers of this type is well caught on small leeches.
Botanical delicacies for him to be canned corn, boiled potatoes, steamed wheat and peas. The most common bait while fishing for bream in the river, which flows into the sea, is dendrobena. This type of worm is stronger than rain and a red worm. It lives longer brackish environment and is not reduced during long-term storage.
Bream at a certain time (usually immediately after spawning or late autumn) attacks sometimes spinning lures. There is nothing surprising. A large number of bream are predatory habits. Often they are caught when fishing for perch on small rubber bait (mostly in dark colors) or small spinners. Often there are bream attack the bait intended for chub and asp.
The bait for fishing on the river bream
Success in catching bream largely determines the bait and bait. Their task is not only to lure the shoal of bream, but also to keep it in place of catching. Remember that the bream is a schooling fish. And usually in a pack is usually a fish of the same size and age. With a little bait, you do not hold the entire pack on your fishing spot. When preparing for fishing on bream need to take care of sufficient quantities of bait that it would be enough for the entire period of fishing.
Also bream your bait will eagerly devour other fish species like bleak, roach, chub, barbell and carp, or maybe even carp. All of them will take advantage of your proposed appetite bait. So to all bream cannot reach. Although it has been observed that when a suitable bream place fines and other disappear. Bream simply banishes all other fish. The only one who ignores it; it is a carp and carp.
When we arrange with a colleague on the river fishing bream, take with 4 kg dry bait, 3 kg binder clay, 1 kg. Finely ground oatmeal (for example, in a blender), which helps to strengthen and make the bait more resistant to erosion. If I catch bream alone consumes 3 kg of finished bait. I will sift through bait that was not the major factions. This greatly increases the efficiency of the bait.
Tips for preparing bait fishing for bream
Upon arrival to the chosen place of catching bream I thoroughly mixed in the container dry mixes fishing bait, clay and oatmeal. Gradually add water taken directly from the river. If you use attractants, they must be dissolved in the water itself. Carefully all stirred, watching the viscosity of the mixture. To improve the attraction and retention of bream on his fishing spot, I add bait attractant pheromone. This attractant is Ultrabite trade name, English name Ultrabite Bream.
When bait fishing on bream hydrated, it is maintained for 15-25 minutes. At this time, I have to prepare their gear for catching bream. Then again I check the bait on the degree of moisture, rubbing on the screen. Then I add bloodworms, chopped worms and grubs.
All this mixture again, I very well stirred, add more liquid, if necessary. When compressing the bait in your hand, it should form a dense clump, but in any case should not be stuck together. Check very simple. The compressed lump of bait by hand in the fall to 30-40 cm on the grass should be broken into several pieces, and not remain whole or crumble completely. In this state, the bait well is held in the trough and is not eroded over, and gradually dissolves, creating a cloud of ground bait.
Catching bream on the feeder
In recent years, catching bream on the feeder has become very popular among anglers. This kind of fishing is interesting in that bite, even a very cautious, always noticeable, and therefore the angler may at any time to react to a particular bite.
Let's start with the theory of catching bream on the feeder. The first thing we must take care of what is bait for bream fishing river. This is the first work that should be done at home in the evening, before leaving on a fishing trip.
Sitting on the shore of the reservoir can be accurately calculated what cost in terms of fishing bait, bought in a store. I for catching bream on the feeder using only homemade bait. This much reduces the cost in financial terms.
This is one of the working recipes: take 500 grams. Millet and cook on low heat until the grains become half cooked. Then add about 1 kg of wheat flour, add a little salted crude sunflower oil. Absorb vanillin standard bag of sugar. To the resulting suspension add the two egg yolks and half a kilo of maize flour.
Sometimes the reservoir useful to add one or two pieces of finished bait well-known manufacturer, designed for bream fishing on the river or large fish. All thoroughly mixed.
Finally get the bait, which is the density of heavy and slowly dissolves in the water. Now I can say with confidence that next to our feeder trough the big fish will not remain indifferent to your proposed bait.
The stickiness of the mixture on medium viscosity. However, if you expect that there will be a strong current, pour into a mixture of one part of special glue for ground bait, and mix thoroughly. I offered you one of my many recipes bait for catching bream on the feeder.
In a separate article I will discuss and describe a series of baits for catching bream on the feeder, for both current and for fishing in stagnant water. The most important thing in the bait for bream, that it has been adapted to specific fishing conditions.
When choosing a site area for catching bream Feeder Rivers with an average flow rate, I recommend fishing at a distance of 30-50 meters from the shore. It is necessary to define a radius of the distance, where there is shallow, and where the depth changes. Usually the fish is on the so-called piled with sharp drops in the shallow depth.
Already at the next fishing on this very spot, it may be that the depth and bottom topography may have changed. If earlier riverbed was about 30 meters from the shore, now this place could be the shoal. Therefore, you should carefully examine the bottom and solve the proper place and distance for catching bream on the feeder.
In determining the precise casting and bait, choose the real object on the other side of the river. This will be your reference point for precise casting of the feeder trough. For precision casting distance using the clip on the reel spool.
If near the coast there is a place overgrown with algae, check what is the depth in front of this place. If there is a difference of depth, a high probability that there will be a pack of bream. Fish, especially large, often used such places to feed.
For bait used small earthworms, grubs and big grain canned corn. A good combination for catching bream, red strung muckworm with maggots on the point of the hook. In this bait combination is not passed, and a couple of minutes, as the bite.
It should constantly throw the bait to keep a flock of bream in the fishery. The balls of bait should not do much large to impact the surface of the water; they did not create a lot of noise. Bream fish care, and any noise can scare a flock to this place.
When fishing for bream on the feeder must constantly monitor the rod tip. Bream, coming to the bait first gently try it. This will be a slight nodding tip. No hurry. Cuttings should be done in the case where after the sharp tension fishing line, comes a slight straightening of the rod tip. Here at this point and need to do sweep, but not too sharp.
Extraction should be slowly and carefully pull towards you. Care should be taken to keep the fish tangled in the coastal vegetation. When fishing for bream, or rather when it have an iron rule. We must try to keep the fish came to the surface and took a sip of air. Thereafter bream lies on its side and it is possible to get to the landing net without any difficulty.
It happens that after being caught several fish bite as if terminated. In this case, when fishing for bream on the feeder, it is necessary to try to change the bait. Bait may be interested in newer bream. Also worth a try with another bait taste and aroma.
Here are some basic tips and aspects of fishing of bream on the feeder. Important in catching bream is to choose the right place for fishing and choose the right bait and bait.