Outwardly this fish is remarkable. It has a long, snake-like body with a very large, broad and flattened head. The upper tail fin and anal - a very long and wide, like all cod. The body is covered with abundant mucus; it has a color from nearly black in young fish to olive-green marble pattern from the old burbot.
Fishing for burbot
Description and lifestyle burbot
A characteristic feature of the "portrait" - is the only one mustache adorning his chin. In this he differs from catfish, which in the upper jaw two long mustache and four on the bottom. By the way, catfish, burbot is a competitor, and, apparently, pushes him out of the southern rivers.
But what can I say, burbot - great original. All he's not like other fish! In the summer, when other fish are actively feeding, it becomes dormant in the winter, when other fish are on the pits half asleep, burbot bliss and fattened. Yes there feeds - burbot even celebrating their wedding in the winter, it lays eggs under the ice!
Burbot - fish cold-loving. Very respected predator cold water feels great in the icy waters of our northern rivers. In the rivers of the Russian North and Siberia is not uncommon to meet these giants - sizes up to one meter and a weight of 20 kilograms. But farther south - the finer the burbot in the middle zone of fishes found no more than a kilogram. In Central Asia, the Crimea and the Caucasus that the fish cannot be found at all.
Image burbot lives in many ways is mysterious, not all the features of his behavior be explained. As already mentioned, this northern fish. He prefers clean northern rivers with hard rocky bottom, always with the running water. In general, it feels great when the water temperature exceeds 12 degrees Celsius. Well, when the water is warmer (summer), burbot perceives it as a disaster, leaving in shady spots, clogged in the hole and under driftwood, becomes dormant. At the same time almost feeds coming out of hiding only under the cover of night.
Another characteristic feature - nocturnal. Daytime nocturnal predator, usually spends in any secretly shelter (driftwood piles, holes in the cliffs, shelter among the roots), and comes under the cover of night to hunt. And, most surprising, for its armed Affairs choose darker night, moonless desirable.
Yes, he wakes up the appetite at the hideous weather. Rogue - rogue he is! Better him to do his business in the rainy night. Why is not explained until the end, but hunter’s burbot know: the worse the weather, the better the burbot biting.
It is best to "freshwater cod" nasty bite in the autumn night - cold, windy, rainy, so that such fishing is not to everyone's liking. Who will sit on the river on a night when a good owner and dog out of the house did not expel!
In winter, burbot and does expanse! While most of the fish in the cold of winter sleeping or dozing listlessly on wintering pits, but our hero does not lose time. Burbot eats off in the winter, fattening, using temporary helplessness most fish. Impunity and feels at ease in winter icy water.
So good feeling that the middle of winter - in January and February, celebrating their wedding burbot. Spawns on a solid stone-pebble, at least - solid-sandy bottom. Again, some no benefit from such early dates for the burbot spawning is still there: the fish while others will understand what's what will eat up burbot roe and burbot fry have hatched from the eggs and spread out over the entire pond.
However, anglers know the winter road that, where burbot spawn, always a lot of ruff, it means that the brush loves burbot spawn. But in the spring, when other fish begin to spawn buttonhole, burbot fry already here. Yes, and burbot are not averse to eat someone else's eggs in the spring.
Once the water warms up to 15 degrees, burbot leave their hunting activities and hidden from prying eyes. Meet it can be at this time in rachis holes in cliffs, and in snags, especially if there are nearby keys with cold spring water. He does not like the summer heat away from burbot comes malaise. Not for a fishing rod is not, nor on the Donkey.
High Water - while burbot fishing
Where to look for burbot? The burbot eats?
From the description of the way of life, it is clear that this kind of fish. And catch her not so simple. It is necessary to become familiar with his habits, before you start fishing. Novice anglers, those who are going to catch burbot, it is necessary, first of all, to know the place where you can meet with this mysterious fish.
Where it is possible to arrange fishing for burbot? First of all, it is necessary to find a place on the river, where can live this nocturnal predator. Let's try to define the concept of what a "Burbot River". This river should not be calm, better when the water in it is fast and rocky bottom, gravel or hard-gritty. It is important that the water was not muddy, and clean, but still important, so that the river flowed into the wooded shores, away from people and any contamination.
Such requirements are met almost all the Russian North of the river, many rivers of the Urals and Siberia. A Central band is not so many rivers, untapped human and economic activities, except that small wooded streams, rivers, and that something is called. That's why we have a little of burbot in the most famous rivers of middle belt. And in the slow current of the southern rivers, muddy or salty - and nothing at all to look. Do not tolerate warm water and burbot stagnant - it will not carp!
Well, we find a quick icy river with a solid bottom and even in wooded areas - it is necessary to continue to look for places where "flat" predator. Burbot - fish more or less settled, that is, looking for pickings near the places of their sites, so it is important to seek such "Burbot place."
You can find burbot under rafts, docks, a floating grass islands (in the lakes), at great depths among the rocks or on the solid bottom, where there is any cover (stones, cramps, bottom drops). In large northern lakes settles under rocks at depths, and to feed enters the rocky eminence - "tables", the ridge.
In the fall, with water cooling, starts the night robber "hobo", leave their permanent pitches and spreads along the river in search of food. Especially "hobo" in cloudy wet weather, mostly at night. Later travel burbot take focused. Late autumn flocks burbot ascend rivers in search of places for spawning.
We must also take into account also that the burbot - bottom fish. However, on the rods of the river, where a strong current and not for that "catch", burbot, too, have nothing to do. And it rises to the surface it is quite rare, except at night during a thunderstorm.
Burbot - predator and an inveterate carnivore, voracious. The basis of his power is mainly fish, and very different, most certainly benthic - gudgeon, ruff, bullhead, but by the autumn, when many fish sink to the bottom, in the stomach burbot can find a variety of fish species. Young burbot prey too, but it often gets finer food - worms, insect larvae, benthic organisms such as crustaceans, amphipods, fish eggs, crayfish, and frogs.
Do not disdain carrion and burbot, which picks up from the bottom. The main reception hunting burbot - slowly creeping up to the production and, opening its mouth to pull it into yourself. This hunt is passive rather than active, so burbot gets for lunch mostly sleepy, sick or less active fish. Anyway, burbot prefers to take the prey from the bottom. This feature is necessary to take into account and reflect on fishing.
Burbot - spring production
Angling methods. Spring Fishing. Burbot fishing in the fall
Burbot is not easy to find on the river, but even more difficult is to force him to bite. It would seem what the difficulty is? Burbot - a voracious predator, he pecks greedily swallows the bait firmly, almost always pinpoint him. Whims and lazy is often burbot, does not always want to take your "treat", but mostly holed up in their shelters, without showing the slightest activity.
During the summer, for example, to lure the predator from its hiding awakens him from sleep and make bite often impossible. How to catch him? Is that your hands, groping in holes underwater cliffs or under driftwood?
Not a bad time for angling - early spring. Unfortunately, it takes time for long, as long as the water does not brighten and warm up. With the heating of the water, our hero loses interest in the bait. When the river is part of the usual beach, biting burbot gradually subsides.
I catch spring can begin almost immediately, as the ice will descend on troubled waters. Therefore, the best time to catch burbot in the spring - the month of April, beginning of May (in different areas in different ways). And, interestingly, the day for angling should be chosen with unimportant weather - a cold snap, even with drizzle. At such times, the biting is usually trouble-free.
Almost always, the burbot caught from the shore. Places is better to choose those where it is convenient to install a fishing rod, but rather where the edge landfall and if on the beaches, at the bends of rivers. In the spring of burbot, tend to move along the edge, picking up everything in its path that brings him feed. Thickets of last year's grass and flooded meadows - not the best place to search for burbot. On the "glaze" bottom out predator rare, except at night.
Fishing rods, which are convenient to use at this time - the so-called. This rod 4 meters in length, equipped with bandwidths rings and coil. On the coil is wound around 20-25 m fishing line 0.3-0.4 mm. Used sliding sinker flat shape, so it is not taken down the flow of water.
Throw-away is not necessary; it is enough to make a throw to 5-10 meters from the shore, so that the attachment got to the border and the flow edge. Bait is a bundle of worms, sometimes - cutting fish (even salted fish can be used - sprat, anchovy). If small fish (goby and ruffed) devour worms, catch only a dead fish (the same perch, scalping).
Put flyers on usually somewhat close to each other, so that you can watch at the same time for everyone. The bite is monitored by shake the rod tip or how fishing line sag or changes the direction of tension.
Spring fishing is stopped with the lighting and warming the water. In the summer, as already mentioned, the predator can be caught only by accident when installing night. Almost all the summer eel hiding in shelters to escape the heat, and almost does not eat. However, long periods of cold weather, prolonged bad weather can sometimes "stir" burbot. But this is not a rule, but rather the exception.
It must be the most favorable time for catching burbot - autumn and pre-winter. As mentioned earlier, in the summer of burbot retains passivity. But the water grows cold, refreshing blood, and our hero immediately awakens the appetite.
Burbot - nocturnal predator and its activity begins at night. Moreover, the inclement weather, the colder the night, the better bite. This is not nothing surprising; if we remember that the burbot does not love bright nights, and bite in rainy weather. Starting an active period of life. During this period, burbot are not particularly fussy food. Bait may be any animal food - worms, frogs, leeches, chicken guts, live bait and dead fish or any part thereof.
Happy predator sits out his hiding place known: the coastal lobster burrows, under rocks and in windbreaks. Burbot also likes to stay under the rafts, in whirlpools, especially near hitting the keys, where even in summer the water is colder.
Night-fishing burbot in the can be arranged in different ways. You can, scoring Donkey, leave them on the side of the river, and go home to watch the colorful dreams, to return to the river in the morning. But, of course, then we must be prepared for the fact that the predator, if bite, intricate pieces of gear and will lead them into snags.
Much more interesting to pass the night on the river bank, a small fire spreading and putting next to it a tent. Fishing this rather romantic. It helps pass the time a small fire, warm the body and soul cheers. And the entangled fishing line is more convenient not to unravel the crown in the pitch, and at campfire light. Donkey throw, append it to the bells and immersed in waiting. If burbot is in this place, the bite will not take long.
Let us not forget that the burbot does not like to move away from their shelters. Therefore, it is necessary to make a throw in the vicinity of its habitat - driftwood piled up, the bottom ledges, breakages. It so happens that because of laziness burbot its bite is almost invisible, prey predator can stand for a long time on the ground, not moving anywhere.
Burbot is cut is not necessary, for the most part he was deeply swallows the bait, but it is necessary to drag the shore quickly so he could not steal gear under rocks and driftwood. When fishing for burbot is rather weak resistance. However, if a large predator caught, it is better to pull him from the water with a net, so it is very slippery - in the hands of not hold. For this reason, pull the hook out of its mouth, especially if burbot deeply swallowed the bait is not always possible, it is easier to cut off the leash and bind a new one.
Burbot is insatiable and greedy. It happens that one place brings a lot of bites. But it also happens that in the place where delivered Donkey, bites gone too long. Then you need to move to a new location.
Winter fishing on ice
And yet the best time for burbot fishing - winter. Recall that the burbot spawning and even in winter, at the time of the bitterest cold. In winter burbot expanse! Cold winter water invigorates his blood, full of food for him, and most of the fish is in a daze. That's when burbot comes time to load up for the whole year. In winter burbot thrives and lives happily ever after, and is the most active lifestyles.
In winter burbot caught by different gear, including the most famous - and sub glacial trolling. For what it is necessary to lower zherlitsy under the ice?
In the winter nights are cold, whole immediately freezes and all tackle freezes into ice, it is difficult in the morning to dig out of the hole and tackle, and caught fish. Why so do: the frozen wells drilled near the new and old fishing line from getting caught burbot take out the hook. Bait on lowered to the bottom, it is important that the line was not very unwinds fish; she is given no more than a half-meter free stroke. Otherwise, burbot will lead to snags.
Choosing the best is not particularly deep places with sandy, rocky bottom, better near the cliffs. It is known that from the middle of winter burbot goes deeper pit, where now eating fish after spawning. Sometimes the long winter nights while the burbot caught the lantern light, put up a tent right on the ice. More Sabaneev wrote that the fire something that attracts fish. Therefore, fishermen make a fire on the ice and tow it through the night.
With ice caught also on artificial baits - baits. Baubles burbot in places of its clusters, to deep lakes, in the pits at the turn of the river. It is important that at the bottom were driftwood, stones and any bottom trash. Burbot is lazy; he only takes the bait that gets right under his nose. Burbot baubles - non-severe narrow baubles with soldered single hook. Lures can be white, yellow, better, if a medium-sized, 5-10 centimeters. Dropping the spoon to the bottom, make infrequent flapping - suspenders.
Sometimes using this kind of spinners: Two heavy oscillating spinners are fixed in one groovy ring, attached carabineer. Lures should contact convex portions, one of which hung tee. It turns out some semblance of a rattle, which, when shaking strumming.
Dual spoon lowered to the bottom, lift and throw down sharply. There is another interesting way of fishing - baubles with replanting of dead fish. Baubles equipped with two soldered hooks, upper and lower. On both hooks put the fish's body without a head, it turns a kind of tackle. This tackle play in the bottom two or three stroke and pause.
There is evidence that in the winter from the ice in Siberia to catch even the lure with a sliding sinker put on the line in front of him. Wobblers then slowly tighten, then released, and the bait near the bottom range. This fishing is possible only in the strong current.