With the arrival of cold weather in the majority of fishermen catching a fly fall mood - do not walk grayling, chub is not caught on the rivers and lakes do anything. It remains to wait for the arrival of spring and update corrupted collection season flies.
But do not lose heart - not all waters with the arrival of cold weather are covered with ice. And although some are covered with ice, but not completely. In addition, there is the off-season. When the ice is still there, and although the weather at this time is horrible - the temperature near zero, and the never-ending rain increasingly is interspersed with snow, however, with the right approach to the aforesaid problem to catch, you can even this is not quite the typical time for fly fishing.
The same can be said about the early spring. The traditional opening of the season in the majority of fishing enthusiasts an artificial fly is happening somewhere in May. Although successfully catch the same trout can start much earlier. And at the time of spawning misses (trout spawning in the fall), and have to do anything. We are in this article will just about fly fishing in the offseason. All this is based on personal experience, and does not purport to be considered true.
Who catch with the arrival of cold weather? The main objects of my intrapersonal are catching grayling, trout and pike.
Catch Grayling on the fly, you can almost all year round, would be open water. Catch from the ice is also possible, but that is another fishing, though "Mushin". Activity grayling in winter, no less than in the rest of the year. Moving to the deeper parts of the river (seasonal migration of this fish can be quite large), grayling never ceases to feed and do not hibernate, like, for example, lin. His task - to find a clean, no ice section of the river.
The most amazing thing is that these sites are not only in the middle belt of Europe, but also in regions with a much harsher climate, for example, in Norway and Finland, where many rivers flow into the North Sea. There are areas of the rivers that do not freeze at all. Trees and shrubs in these areas are growing almost out of the water. Free from the coast of the vegetation will not find. Other rivers, in contrast, have explicitly expressed an empty shore.
Ask the locals, I found out that "the river with banks" - those on which there is break-up. Ice these shores and cleared of vegetation. And in those areas of the rivers, where ice does not rise, coastal vegetation remains intact. The main reason for the lack of substantial ice cover in a pretty tough winter is fast flowing and twisting channel. The resulting ice just washes away, and the coastal surf is not so powerful to take down trees and bushes. In the open areas of the river can be fished all year round grayling, which has been repeatedly confirmed by the local fishermen.
How to get to the "right" part of the river?
The only reliable way - a snowmobile. But alone it is better not to go: ski, drop under the fallen tree, ripping the caterpillar, a nasty fall or fatal crash - and you are one on one with the woods and the cold. I know a man who is not too lazy to carry a snowmobile inflatable boat. In it, he made his way into the ravine on the river. Catch fish, he called his partner, who pulled him out of the snowmobile open water with the boat (and before that fished out of the hole). But it's extreme. And in the simplest and most favorable scenario we will have quite a pleasant walk along the unfrozen, sprinkled with snow banks of fast flowing river.
The choice of bait - for you
It is impossible to give general recommendations. The only thing that you should not bet - so it's on dry flies. But there are no rules without exceptions. His biggest winter grayling I caught Dec. 12 on a dry fly. There was a thaw - of the order of + 4 °, the water swirled tiny black insects, identify which I could not for the distance range. My companion on fishing christened them "snow mosquitoes." And this "mosquito", linked to the hook №20 of the crow's feather and CDC beam caught a 35 cm grayling. Since I'm pretty skeptical about the claims that "dry flies winter set is useless."
In late autumn, winter and early spring on dry flies can be successfully catch during the thaw, when the crash happens most winter hardiness insects. During the rest of the season I find extremely catch ability Czech nymphs. Very good, if you have the opportunity to enter into the river and move on her bottom. In this case, nymph fishing takes place according to the rules. If not, and catch on a short cord fails, you can fish on a long cord.
On wet flies grayling I almost did catch neither winter nor summer, except in the trivial and Red Tag Match Brown. But not because they are not grayling bite in the offseason. Therefore, I prefer other baits - such as tape drives.
Why? The capture of large grayling - always a pleasure, and large grayling starts to predatory lifestyle, actively rushes on tape drives or even on small salmon flies. In the past two years among all tape drives as "I use Cat Fly, connected from fur of domestic cat. I understand that the fly was created on the basis of chub streamer, better known as the "cap" (hare) - the name of the starting material.
Series Cat Fly baits turned out to be so successful that I managed to catch them on almost all types of fish - from the grayling to trout and chub on to asp. The bait can be the natural colors and bright fluorescent. The drive operates stably in an extremely wide range of colors. The appearance of the bait is more than compensated beautiful catch ability. Fishing with floating line undergrowth, often fluorocarbon. Leash is also desirable from fluorocarbon - it is less visible and well penetrates the water film.
Periodically, I use drowning mono fishing line, but never resort to sinking leaders. Accordingly, gear chooses a place of fishing - their depth should not be large. Perhaps the tape would work well with the sinking erections. But I like to fish it with delicate accessories and on relative shallow water. It is on this tape drive, I prefer to catch grayling, trout and often during the cold season. And you recommend!
Grayling - Salmon fish. In some regions, grayling fishing is either prohibited altogether or limited licenses. Before you go to the pond should be consulted in the fishery inspection or in the local community of fishermen and hunters, is it possible to catch grayling where you plan to do it.
So, for example, in some parts of Russia this fish entered into the "Red Book" and its fishing is prohibited. I note that, surprisingly, in the most favorable position with respect to fishing for grayling are residents of Slovenia and the Czech Republic. Grayling have allowed quite officially, winters are mild, all that is needed - to acquire a license and comply with local regulations fishing. In addition, there is always the opportunity to catch a trophy specimen in Slovenia.
The same applies to trout - be sure to read its fishing rules where you are going to fish. In some regions, it is simply impossible to catch, as it is listed in the Red Book. In other permitted fishing license, so be careful!
Trout - the second in a row, but not in terms of productivity, a candidate for the capture in the cold season. Spawns Trout unlike many other fish of the middle band, not the spring and autumn. Depending on the region Spawning begins in late October and lasts until freeze-up.
Fishing is possible both in open water and in large gullies. By the spring, when the ice starts to go, trout are often concentrated near the mouth of large rivers. Here, as the release of its river of ice cover can successfully catch on the fly - even if the ice.
Very interesting fishing in the pre-spawning period when the fish are actively fed. Catching trout fly fishing compared with spinning - lesson extensive. And at any time of year, of course, if you catch not a spinner. The fact that the trout clearly prefers visual stimuli, acoustic stimuli.
Simply put, spinners and wobblers a lot more interesting than the most brilliantly made artificial flies. These are not my observations. Many friends and acquaintances that are keen in fishing brook trout, repeatedly tested in practice. Result: one trout caught on the fly; we have 5-10 tails caught spinning.
Nevertheless, I continue to fish for trout fly fishing. Do not forget to check its presence in unfamiliar waters with the help of "ultra light". Winter trout bait, if not to take dry flies, do not differ from the summer baits. Streamers lead connected both to hook and to the tubes. Trout is not indifferent to the black, red, pink and white colors. Good for catching trout and small streamers made of synthetics and Zonker. And, of course, has not been canceled classics - wet streamers trout (Trout Streamer), born the century before last.
Trout fishing on the nymphs did not impress me. Apparently, being a predator, trout is not set to "gathering". If trout categorically does not want to attack the most sophisticated and proven flies, you can resort to the baubles. The addition of a simple tape drive rotary lobe №00 significantly improves fishing results. Many spinners have a very long history; they can be found in the catalogs of many reputable manufacturers of the early XX century, and resort to them not at all ashamed.
In the past year, with its hot summers, led to massive fish kills, pike fly fishing just saved. Trout, where it is allowed to fish under the license, - far. Salmon - even further. The pike - that is, there is always at hand. And there is always the opportunity to catch more or less large specimen.
Many years ago, only starting to catch the fly, I do not consider as a pike catching object as catch her spinning. It was not interesting. Over time, attitudes have changed. Now I'm happy to go on a fishing trip pike. On the lakes I fish rarely, mostly on rivers.
With water cooling, which is a pike; its habits are changing significantly. In the summer and early autumn pike clearly prefer small, up to 1-1.5 m depth and grassy terrain elevation of the bottom of the course. That in late autumn she moved to more quiet water. As a predator, not wishing to waste his precious forces on the hunt for a trifle, pike always prefer large baits fine.
Traditional mistake all inexperienced fishermen is a tendency to use smaller lures, streamers type in fly fishing and spinning lures №2-3 in. Catch is, of course, possible, but rather by accident. The main problem in creating such baits is to design them properly. It is important to all - media, selection of materials and cargo. Lures for pike fishing in cold water should be as big as summer bait - but not heavy.
Winter flies for pike should be able to slow the planning and delicate game. I must say that we are talking about fishing in places where the depth does not exceed 1.5 m. Pike fishing in cold water requires maximum slow, non-aggressive wiring. If summer fishing is carried out a string of quick and sudden lifts, the winter is more like a game jig. Easy stir fused to slow during the bait or swinging the rod tip. Braces interspersed with pauses, sometimes - very long.
Beat the winter pike are significantly different from summer. Instead of a sharp jerk -light tingling. Although sharp sudden bites also has not been canceled. In all cases, large flies rather small. What is important is the choice of colors. The traditional colors were always white and red, orange, yellow, silver-gray, as well as combinations of these options with the addition of black.
Brilliant elements - all kinds of reflective elements - it is more a matter of taste angler. Many believe that the bait for pike should be like a Christmas garland, but more often it does not work. By the end of autumn the majority of the algae dies, the water becomes transparent, underwater grass falls. Any bait becomes visible from afar. However, last autumn rains of autumn lead to the fact that before freeze-up water becomes turbid. Most had worked baits, become useless because they cannot be seen.
In muddy water colors work better, usually used for coating of road machinery - yellow and orange. They should prevail in the colors of flies designed for pike fishing in troubled waters. Well showed itself as a combination of white and red. Baits noctilucent colors, white and black, white and blue colors and striped pike in troubled waters completely ignored.
To create the perfect lures in cold water requires the right choice of carrier. It is important to simultaneously perform several mandatory requirements. Why bait should get a large (at least 10-15 cm), mobile and light enough to her, got wet, you could throw a tackle for pike.
To create a long baits good fit long for end Waddington. But related to them always fly turns very "straight", heavy and lacking mobility. Using a long, thin plastic tube facilitates the bait, but will not add to her mobility.
Traditional tandems - flies related to the two hooks. United by a flexible ligament thick (0.5-1.0 mm) of line, it is very bad; they should always be kept in mind. When it comes to baits, whose length does not exceed 10-15 cm, as a carrier of good long hooks, with very wide bend.
In the absence of such hooks are perfect offset hooks intended for silicone spinning lures. The design of such hooks suggests that the stinger hook is hidden deep in the bait and be released only when the sharp cutting. Prose and bait and fish maw; therefore, such hooks are extremely wide bend and long forearm.
However, at the fore-end offset hook it is always a completely unnecessary for knitting bend near the ring, which makes offset hook offset. But it does not interfere with the knitting patterns of most flies.
Often I modify these hooks, biting into their ring together followed by the bending of the forearm. I build up the forearm by a long and quite thick flanged titanium material, which is firmly on top of the forearm thread and further sizing compound glue. These flies are extremely easy to tally; they are thrown great and most importantly well hang in the water. Provoke inactive fish to bite. Their only drawback - the lack of a hook in the tail section.
The situation often saves the pike attack when trying to grab prey across. Dragged her to the side, and then the intercept is more convenient for the further ingestion. Fishermen know this very well.
When fishing with artificial lures, a similar technique does not work, because the pike, fish, instead of feeling "whisk", immediately spit it. In this case, the hook bait in the middle of more benefit than harm. But this - at a time when the pike is active. With the onset of cold weather pike bait often nips back instead to take her across. And as with the described arrangement, fly hook in its tail missing, bite obtained empty.
Out of this situation exists - Knit mobile baits in which the hook is located in the tail section. I know two extremely successful variants of these flies.
First - pike fly
- The Baptizer professional English knitter Steve Thornton, better known by flies in Realistic style. It is related to the relatively short plastic tube, armed with a hook, freely mounted on a loop of thick fishing line. Loop (end of the leash) "isolated" from the tube, which is connected to the bead, beads, pre-assembly in the lead.
Another good option
- Component salmon fly Intruder, often described in different fishing magazines and on the Internet.
Tackles for off-season
Ten years ago, in an environment of fishermen fly fishing and spinning were arguments about the extremely harmful effects of freezing temperatures on the carbon-plastic rod like high modulus graphite is extremely brittle in the cold. It may be that in respect of the temperature at -20-30 ° C and it is so. However, a wealth of experience of western and eastern Europeans, regularly catching in and close to zero temperature, it shows that the fish are not on a strong frost is possible, and on a completely modern gear.
All who have been in the north are well aware that at the end of the season it is easy to get into a situation. When you come in shorts, and leaving in the header. Fishing takes place at temperatures close to zero, and a fishing rod is not harmful. None of my friends did not break rods because of zero and a moderately negative (-5-7 ° C) temperatures. At least such a fish which cannot even out of the hole.
Fly fishing in the off-season is often uncomfortable because of frost rings wire and cord freezing. The rings have to be cleaned regularly from the ice (some help handling rings silicone spray for automobile plastic). Cords can apply special, originally designed for fishing in cold water, the type of XPS SCIENTIFIC ANGLERS. Again, very well on a regular basis and not skimping handle cord silicone composition - specialized or ordinary road spray.
Regarding the use of specialized monofilament woods winter series, it is possible that when ice fishing in the sense they have. For fly fishing I have enough fluorocarbon. However, if you want to experiment, then the opportunity is always there. Winter unwinding fishing line 25-30 m can be very useful as a leash material.