Small rivers are small fish. Big rivers are big fish. There is nothing to add to this well-known rule. Not only the idea of catching a large fish makes fly fishing on large rivers so attractive. The size of the fish leaves an imprint on the entire process and the equipment needed to perform this task.
On wide water, the density of distribution of fish is not at all the same as on small rivers and streams. On some fast sites there is a lot of fish. On others, at best, you can meet very small fish.
One particular type of fish inhabits the dams. The reason for this lies in the fact that different types of fish are used to a different environment and diet. But even if their demands are studied, there still remains a lot of strange and mysterious.
The great need of salmon species in oxygen determines their distribution in different temperature zones of water. At a higher average temperature of water, salmon remains in places with a strong current. But in the mountains at the level of eternal snows the picture is quite different.
Here, food is of paramount importance. It determines the location of the salmon. In addition to insects, the importance of small fish. On rivers where salmon spawn, habitual food and lifestyle are determined by the cycle of migration of spawning fish species.
Fly fishing on stagnant water is very different from fishing on rivers and streams. Since the surface of the water is large enough, fishing requires perseverance, the ability to cast and attention. Various techniques of casting and feeding a fly are used because of the fact that the fish in stagnant water spend much less time in the upper layers of the water. Therefore, in order to give the fish a chance to see our skillful bait, they must be submitted to the depth.
To assess visually the river is a rather difficult task, even for an expert. We need to evaluate the river in no hurry, step by step. The presence of insects gives us the first directing information. It is not difficult to see that aquatic insects are tied to certain areas.
The activity of the fish is also tied to the places where various insects are removed, swarmed and laid eggs. By the presence of birds, it is easy to determine the places of the accumulation of insects. Plots of water, where birds are diving and diving, are visible from afar. There is always fish in these areas.
They should be examined with caution and from a sufficiently long distance. In order to more calm water consider the fish emerging on the surface or located near the surface of the water. A good 10-fold binoculars will be an excellent assistant in this matter, up to the identification of insects.
If the activity of insects is not visible, you should take a closer look at the life of underwater insects. At the same time, identify promising flies in shallow areas. On the sections of the river, where there was a decline in water, there is nothing of interest. Basically, all this helps to avoid wasting time on the deep sections of the river.
Stonewall thresholds that provide fish to larvae and pupae, as well as a place and shelter, are the most promising. It should also pay attention to dark, algae-covered areas, stony areas and deep canals. Calm, deep currents are also interesting if they are beyond the thresholds.
The current brings many larvae and insects in various stages of development. The areas where insects move are always promising for catching. Good catch brings fishing in the ruts. In swirls after reruns, fish often feed on insects brought there.
On large rivers, fish are not so afraid of shadows, as on small rivers and streams. If depth and flow allows, you can reach a favorable distance for casting. But since the position of the fish has not yet been determined, the fisherman has to slowly wander the water in search of a suitable position. In any case, fly fishing on large rivers is required to cover a sufficiently large distance. However, long-distance casts from the shore can be avoided from time to time.
For fly fishing on large rivers, it is best to use a long, smooth rod 2 to 3 meters long. It is easier for them to work with a long cord and properly feed the fly. Conical cord of 5 - 7 class is universally suitable.
Such a cord is easy enough to catch on a dry fly. Virtually unaffected by wind. Floating cords cover the surface of the water up to 1 meter in depth. If you want to catch at a greater depth, it is better to use WT or WH cords. Their floating thick part allows more convenient control of the cord.
The way the fly is presented depends mainly on the current state of the water. In the dams and creeks, use the shortest cord possible. Flies should be fed along the flow or diagonally. Regardless of whether we catch a dry fly or a streamer, we must provide the fly with the maximum possible drift. Make it so that the fly swims along the coast long enough, you can only use the casting "snake" or "parachute". A wet fly can swim long enough, but only on a loose cord.
Fly fishing in calm water
When fishing in calm water it is important that the current bears a fly on a freely lying cord. The idea is to feed the fly without pulling it up. If the trout is in the parking lot, it immediately rises to the position for attack. It is easy enough to give it a fly, since the distance of the fly's drift is short. When fishing deep under water, the rod is taken far ahead. The cord is released enough to allow the wet fly to drift for a long time.
Grayling almost always rises from the bottom. The stronger the current and the deeper the water, the farther from the position of attack is visible its activity. If the fly is served long enough, he will take it. But if the grayling is in shallow water, then it takes a fly only on its own territory. On deep water grayling can rise behind a fly, floating a few meters from its parking lot.
When fly fishing on large rivers, it is necessary to apply a wet fly. To feed it immediately under the surface or in the depths, you need to cast a little against the current or diagonally downstream. The fly is served neatly a little higher upstream of the intended active fish site. The fly must be free to drown.
Immediately after feeding the fly, you need to transfer the cord against the current when it catches it. This is done by the rapid movement of the rod parallel to the water plane. Movement is calculated in such a way that only the middle part of the cord is moved by small curves, slightly tearing off the surface.
The tip of the cord with the fly should in no case move. Periodically, moving the cord, you can achieve a long drift, until the entire cord does not stretch with the flow. At this moment, the tension forces will press the fly toward the surface of the water. This upward movement often causes an aggressive reaction in the fish.
The use of a "dead" drift or the game by a fly with small movements depends on what insects the fish feed at a given time. The behavior of insects in different stages of development is completely different. Who is well acquainted with their life, know that, the mosquito larva drifts under the water completely without movement. Watch and experiment carefully. Acquiring knowledge about the habits and behavior of insects. This will give you the knowledge necessary for a successful bait presentation.
The depth at which the fly is sent is very important. The main thing is to go to the depth at which the fish used to eat. The fly is served either on the surface or at a depth near the bottom. Trout on calm water can rise from the parking lot on the bottom to take a fly that floats on the surface of the water. This is never done by carp fish. Just grayling, which in deep waters is looking for food near the bottom.
The fly can drown to the required depth and go to the position for the attack of the fish only if it is abandoned far upstream. The middle part of the cord should be thrown at the right moment, so that the fly could remain at a given depth.
Fly fishing big fish on a small fly is the most practical. Given the normal life of insects, large rivers often provide this great opportunity.
On many rivers, where the main food for salmon is the midwife, large flies work more efficiently. The same is true for dry flies. Only large "hoppers" or large flies of hairs of elk or deer are able to pull this fish from the bottom of the river. For systematic catching of large areas, large flies are the most profitable option.