Methods of Fishing

The choice of method of fishing depends on the environment and the bottom relief. Fishing from drifting boat used for marine fish, and for the bottom dwellers. This method is especially useful if the bottom is covered with sand, stones, gravel and has a varying depth, which attracts different kinds of fish. The course and the wind can make angling from a boat drifting quite difficult, because the bait is moving too fast to catch fish could smell its luster or, in this case, to anchor.

Fishing is done with drifting or anchored vessel

Some species of fish previously lure

When the boat - moored, only a limited area can be fished in fact just next to the boat station. On the other hand, it makes it possible to catch the fish, which normally do not take the bait moving. Place for anchoring preferably selected in areas with reefs, shoals, banks, wreck, or at the edge of the underwater slope or lift. Pelagic fish species can also be caught from a boat anchored.

Trolling - a method that allows the exploitation of such a large area of ​​the sea than other fishing methods. It can be carried out on the surface or in deeper water using a downrigger - Special lead-weighted device on which fishing line and bait are attached by means of the release mechanism. When a fish takes the bait, the line is released, and you can fight against the fish directly rod and reel.

Trolling is widely distributed from the west coast of the US, where the catch of salmon, sea to warmer regions, where many species of fish involved lures working at the surface, and to the northern waters where caught mackerel and mackerel.

Bait and artificial bait

Among the most common bait for sea hunters - "Norwegian CIDP," "Diamond jig", and the like jigs and soft plastics, artificial worms, not counting, of course, flies made of feathers. For easy catching perfectly used oscillating spinners (spoons), lures (plugs) and spinners (spinners). Norwegian CIDP - Metal imitation of natural fish food, made of lead or copper. Pirk sold in most specialty stores selling gear in the weight range from 25 grams to about 750 grams. Bottom fished gradual lowering of Pirke or jerking up and down, with a small range of motion, just above the bottom, on the drifting boat.

Fishing from a boat drifting - for example, among the rocks - usually made with artificial bait. Catch usually fish of the cod family.

Percy popular in northern waters, it goes perfectly cod and seethe. They can be used in warmer regions to catch fish on the reefs, which are in the hunt for food relies on sight. Pirke body, surface and individual design. The larger its surface is, compared with its weight, the more vividly it moves in the water. Norwegian and Swedish Piercy decades serve as a model for several types of Pirke sold on the world market.

If the fish is involved in the action enters its color. The shallow water is very effective red and yellow Piercy, on the contrary, in deeper water, it is best to catch on polished shiny metal Piercy vivid and bright colors, or chrome.

Some species of fish that respond to Pirke also take small and artificial soft plastic imitation feather flies and other artificial lures that are placed above Pirke or jigs. Use 1 - 3 artificial simulations depending on the type of fish, for which you hunt, and because you want to: Do ​​enjoy fighting each fish or just drag the catch on board. When small simulators used Pirke above, it often happens that a few fish sit on the hook at the same time. Such simulators usually represent a colored hook trimmed with plastic, rubber, feathers or hair. They can also be imitations, reminiscent of local fish species, such as English or Norwegian eel rubber eel.

Among the small artificial lures may be noted Norwegian Spoons for mackerel, are widely used all over the world. As angling on Pirke depth fished area determines the colors of the color of bait or feathers. Red, white, yellow and silver colors are effective for fishing in shallow waters.

Gigha is extremely effective in almost all kinds of fishing near the bottom. Jigs can be moved and pull without fear, hook, hook because it has an upward bend. When catching predatory fish in shallow water jig - superior adversary. Almost with the same results CIDP and other artificial lures and jigs can be used for fishing with spinning drifting or anchored boats.

Trolling requires a different type of bait - with built-in motion model, which must be properly adjusted in relation to the trolling speed. No CIDP or other artificial lures and feathers do not satisfy these conditions as opposed to the jig that consistently brings a great catch.


Bait and nozzles are used mainly for catching those species that when hunting guided by the sense of smell, as well as for those who rely on the same smell and sight. Bait (natural bait) may be everything - from fresh strips or fish fillets to whole fish - dead or alive, as well as shrimp, crabs, mussels, and other shellfish. Worms, especially lobworm, are very effective tips. The nozzle should be provided so the fish to seduce her, and the smell and movements. To make the necessary movements, nozzle must be placed properly on the hook, and the hook must be closed so that the fish can swallow it.

To effectively fish with natural bait, you need to put a boat anchor - especially if fishing is carried out in a limited space, such as in the sunken vessel.

Fresh bait works well than the old: the longer the bait is, the less it attracts. The smell of the water gradually leached out of it, and soon enough the bait needs to be replaced at the latest.

Mackerel, sardines and herring have a very strong, far from pervasive odor, for which their worldwide find excellent bait. Shrimp, crabs and shellfish are excellent for bottom fish, which usually feed on them. Squid used in the form of strips or in its entirety. Pulp especially mussels emits a strong odor, but it is difficult to attach to the hook. Use it - something like a hair net, to keep the pulp mussels. Once rolled up from the pulp of a small ball, wrap it with a hair net and secure on the hook.

Squid used in the form of strips or in its entirety. Pulp especially mussels emits a strong odor, but it is difficult to attach to the hook. Use it - something like a hair net, to keep the pulp mussels. Once rolled up from the pulp of a small ball, wrap it with a hair net and secure on the hook.

Fishing live bait - effectively everywhere, live bait lures not only its appearance, flavor and texture, but also their movements. This can be extremely productive in the waters, which is dominated by real hunters: cod, shark, grouper or tuna species. Note, however, that this type of bait banned in Norway.


Sometimes it's hard to fight a big fish for a long time, especially in the stormy sea on a slippery deck. Here come to the aid of useful accessories, angler belt and thigh and shoulder harness. Angler Belt consists of a "bowl" and a belt. The idea is to rest against the rod end in the "bowl" and distribute the pressure from the bending rod on the largest possible area. The shoulder harness is used when fishing for big fish - such as shark and tuna, but only in combination with marine coils, which have two special traction belts, is fixed to the harness via the detachable connectors. With the help of the angler and the shoulder harness belts can successfully fight alone with fish up to 50 - 100 kilograms of weight.

For the gear box is very convenient: they can store a large supply of Piercy, hooks, swivels, lures, flies, spinner’s mackerel, crimping pliers, pliers and other gear. Most marine coils have additional spools. They can also be conveniently stored in a special box.

With belt and shoulder harness angler can be in a standing position to deal with the huge fish. To use the shoulder harness, coil must be equipped with two special traction belts are fixed on the harness through detachable connectors.

On board the rented boats are gaff (prison) and the landing net. But if you decide to go on your own boat, remember that you have to be fishing net for small fish or boat hook (prison) for high. Big fish requires gaff with a long handle. It should also have a pair of leather gloves for gripping and retaining cord or undergrowth and drag the fish on board in order to subsequently release it or retain.

The bait and feeders

Sea ​​fishing conditions vary widely from protected bays and oil platforms as artificial reefs and Deep Ocean, from areas with strong tides and currents up to standing water, from sand and clay to the bottom surfaces of rocks and reefs.

Many fish that respond to the bait, can be brought to the boat by means of chopped mackerel bait, pieces of herring, sardines or similar fish, as well as all other living creatures, which can be hacked and sent overboard.

This method, known as fishing with bait, is used in many ways. Most often used for such feeding sharks that are involved and sent to the baited hooks in the water that spread the scent of the bait. And can lure from a boat at anchor, - the flavor of bait will entice the fish into the water depth - or putting a bird feeder on the anchor rope to attract fish to the hooks with bait on the bottom. The bait is widely used in tuna fishing. Small pieces of fresh fish or live bait thrown into the water, and thus cause tuna to stay near the boat.

Bait used for many fish species. Flounder is attracted to the boat, if you omit the water pierced jar of canned dog or cat. From time to time shaking the jar, we allow a small amount of food spread in the water. The scent attracts her butt. The same method is widely used for catching eels, as well as many species of cod or Molveno.

In southern waters lure all kinds of local fish, usually leading carnivorous lifestyle. Bait gives excellent results when it comes to sea eel, Molveno and morays, who lead a solitary life in the underwater caves of the rocks and caves, leaving his refuge only if they taste of food.

Chopped or mashed fish placed in a manger. As feeders can be used an old bag from under a potato, a large grid or jars made specifically for this purpose. They and lowered the boat into the water below the waterline. When luring prerequisite is the presence of constant flow. If it disappears, the fish will lose track of the hook with bait.

Hooking and fishing

The fish takes the bait or artificial attachment because it takes over their natural food. Consequently, sweeps needed to put it on the hook before she realizes the mistake and spits the bait. Some fish hooking themselves, but others require immediate undercuts, especially deep-sea fish species. Rod raised a moderate speed, not letting loose fishing line, and begins to fight with the fish through the uniform back - forth movements. Try to keep the same bending and pressure on the rod at all times during the fight. If the fish suddenly dives, you need to give her a chance to pull the fishing line. The brake coil must be adjusted according to the tension of the fishing line breaking. After a while the fish is pulled to the boat, and when it appears on the surface, it can be picked up by a boat hook or if it is a small fish - boarded by the rod.

In order to function effectively, a modern boat for sport fishing should have some basic equipment. Chief Assistant in the detection of ultrasonic sonar fish. On the right it shows what it looks like on paper plotter bottom of the sea. Underneath are shown the real bottom topography and the location of the fish. Compass and the navigator - important tools for steering. It is equally important to have and VHP or AM / FM - marine radio.

When angling with bait fish and nozzle should have time to swallow the bait before you. Many anglers make slicing down as soon as they feel the fish, but it is - too early. Early sweeps will cause that you will escape the lure of her mouth, while she was only beginning to taste it. Give enough time fish, check carefully whether she confidently took the nozzle, before the strike, and then a much larger quantity of it is firmly planted on the hook.


Albula, tarpon, permit (large trahinot), barracuda and snook belong to the species of fish that appear in the shallows with a strong tide. Shoal rich in crabs, shrimp, clams and other animals, which make the diet of predators. The water is crystal clear, the weather is hot. The fish can often be seen in the form of a large black shadow or in the moment when it will seem to fin out of the water. It is a paradise for anglers with punts, with light tackle enthusiasts.

Imagine yourself slowly drifting in a boat at the mangroves, or in a shallow bay, when suddenly a shadow 30-40 pound tarpon show 30 meters from the boat. You gently swam closer to the fish, although, ultimately, are confident that there is no need to throw the crab close to her, and so he will sink to the bottom and get into the field of view of the fish. You can throw a big thick tape drive so accurately that he will sit down at a distance of a few centimeters from the head tarpon. Suddenly the fish strikes the bait, its jaws open and close the hook and immediately feel and resistance of the rods and fishing line. Real started.

Perhaps it will last only a few seconds or even half a minute. Fish beats fountains of water, and then begins a fierce flight away, which is able to withstand not just brake. Hundreds of meters of fishing line is wound with a coil, and, in spite of the powerful jumps, the fish are still able to move with great speed, leaving no room for any angler control gear. Nine out of ten fish regain freedom. And you have only one chance - to cope with the fish during those few minutes. Without a doubt, tarpon is the most coveted prey for any angler on artificial (fly, Spoons, wobblers) and natural bait.

There is a fishing season for each species of fish. The water temperature, flow state and phases of the moon - a very important component in angling. Indeed, you must be in the right place at the right time. Correct timing is more important than the best instructor. Since the shallow waters stretch along the coasts and North and South Americas, fishing continues throughout the year, except for a few months. Spinning is used for catching several fish species. As small bait lures used oscillating spinners, jigs and spinners.

But, in most cases, attachments - such as small crabs, which are placed on a single hook or small live shrimp more effective. The method of fishing - make a simple throw in the direction of where the fish are there, and allow the lure to move to the bottom in her field of vision. Give fish time to pick up and swallow the bait, then make cutting. Boats used in this angling, owned mainly by local fishermen or instructors, who, with some exceptions, are the true professionals in monitoring the water and finding fish. So, usually, you find yourself in good hands.

The greatest tarpon can be caught drifting or at anchor, the bait such as crabs, mullet, shrimp or sea catfish. On the coast of the Gulf of Florida effective slow trolling. But this tactic cannot be compared with the search for fish in shallow water with the long casting lures her sea rod for fishing with bait, spinning or fly fishing. Nylon undergrowth must have a force at break of about 10 - 20 kilograms. Hooks size 1/0 - 6/0 the most versatile. Most anglers’ uses 4/0 hook.

No less significant fish in the coastal fishing - Albula, or "gray ghost shallows." This is one of the best sport fish that can meet the angler, and it is interesting at all stages of fishing: before, during and after the bite. Albula fed on the vast shoals, at the coast of Florida, and many islands in the Caribbean, usually coming back with the tide. It is easy to see (in the polarized glasses) in the clean, shallow water, where it seemed to flaunt.

The greatest number of bonefish was caught on spinning with a live crab or other natural attachment that throw on the way nursing fish. Plant hooked bonefish weighing more than 2.5 kilograms of artificial bait, especially on the rod and the tape drive, a thrilling process. After hooking Albula immediately rushes in a powerful, breathtaking dash under the protection of deep water. Albula hardly edible and like tarpon, should be released to freedom after weighing.

Shoals are harvested from small boats and light tackle. Sometimes the lure is used, but the usual choice - natural nozzle type shrimp or crab.

Albula appear in flocks. To catch it, you can take a hook size 1/0 or 2/0 on the line of the nylon thread with a force at break of about 5-10 kilograms. The fish rarely weigh more than 4 - 5 kg, its usual weight - about 1-2.5 kilograms. The best chance for fishing in shallow water gives long casts, so the fishing line is attached lead sinker.

Permit - no less widespread and strong fish, which prefers stony, rocky or coral-covered bottom of shallow water. It can catch on the nozzle of the live shrimp and crabs, and sometimes a small jig. Number of red drum or redfish as increases in its season fishing at high tide in the shallows of warm water.

These species require undergrowth of strong nylon thread, but not the wire. In shallow water, you can also find barracuda and lemon sharks. Barracuda fishing with spinning lures made narrow thin plastic tube or a special lure equipped with one or two single or triple hooks. This tube should have a length of about 20 - 30 centimeters. Barracuda no less careful than other types of fish, and beware anglers and inaccurate throws. It requires one wire - stranded or undergrowth length of about 20 - 30 centimeters. Lemon shark most frequently comes to live bait.

Fishing on the fly in the shallows

It is in the shallows can see his dream come true. Tarpon twisting coil cord for a few seconds. Albula makes coil sound similar to the sound of drills, running at the highest speed at the dentist's office. But paradise is not without a snake: fly fishing lesson in shallow water requires a very strong and high-quality fishing tackle from available. Precision, skill and a great fishing tackle, sturdy and reliable mount components - it is something without which the fish will not be able to get.

Have a good instructor - useful, but not enough. The most important qualities - readiness, alertness and attention. No casting should not be done blindly; otherwise you run the risk of never found the dozen worthy opponents, which you would have to be overcome. So the cast has to be absolutely accurate. Some record catches were taken from a distance of 5 - 10 meters, but longer and more accurate your throw, the better your chances of success.

For fly fishing in the sea water produced special cords cone. Albula in weight from 1 to 5 kilos can be caught on the fly in the class gear 6 - 9, if the coil has the backing capacity - cord for about 200 meters, and adaptive brake, preferably lever type, Marryat, Pflueger, Fin - Nor, Hardy Sunbeam or Scientific Anglers. I recommend Pflueger Medallist, who, in my opinion, is one of the best in its price range, and is designed specifically for this type of fly fishing.

More importantly, the combination of the gear for catching tarpon. In this kind of fishing you will try to put on the hook for big fish and therefore need a relatively short whip fast action, designed specifically for catching tarpon. Grade 11 - 12 - the most common, with a cord from the "firing head" or the WF - cord. This is - a strong tackle, but it is unlikely you will have to throw it many times a day. Tarpon smaller - 5 - 10 kg can take on lighter tackle. Flies on the hook 4/0 are used for larger fish, and 1/0 on the hook, usually for small. Undergrowth should have tensile strength of about 10 - 15 kilograms.

Albula you can outwit and with fewer flies, quite often the size of 1/0 or less. Pink imitation shrimp used to be very popular, but now, new knitting materials, such Fishair, replaced the traditional models of flies for bonefish. The best results, as a rule, give wings to fly twice the length of the forearm. Activate fly movements, similar to those that make shrimp.

Permit rarely takes the fly, but it does so without warning, and since he was very cautious, sometimes it takes a few precise, casts before the fish attacks the bait and "explode" on the surface. Barracuda takes big flies out of colorful materials, such as "fishery" on the undergrowth of piano wire length of about 10 - 15 centimeters.

Snook and speckled trout are always ready for an attack on the fly. Across the eastern US coast, there are shallow waters with mangrove creeks, crystal - clear lagoons and tropical heat. Here, too, you will find various kinds of fish, which can fish on the fly, such as striped bass, bluefish and flounder. The question is whether you have enough perseverance and whether your gear is good enough to entice the fish.

A boat

Fishing is possible with almost all types of boats, and the evidence suggests that some record fish have been caught with rubber boats or small, 4 - 5 meter vessels. But, in order to ensure security, to provide space for gear and equipment and provide comfort to the angler, the most common fishing vessel has a size of 6-18 meters and is equipped with outriggers, rod holders, harpoons, nets, and, often, the so-called "pillar of the tuna." It is also a city of modern navigational instruments and control devices for the distribution of water temperature: in fact many of the fish in angling for a record - heat lovers who prefer to hunt and live in the warmed surface water layers.

For angling boats on the record are specially equipped for extreme conditions. Outrigger, rod holder, mechanism tuna support, navigation tools - standard equipment of the vessel. On either side of visible reinforced trolling rods with powerful coils.

The coils used in angling for a record must be solidly made, with the spool for a few hundred meters of line. The picture shows the rod with a reel lever type.

It is difficult to determine the difference between angling for a record and a big fish angling. Among other things, the latter includes fishing halibut, rombovogo stingray and sharks weighing more than 30 - 40 kilograms. But angling to record the focus is on other fish species: wahoo, sunfish, large korifenu, dorado and barracuda.

Fishing gear

Fish is high and fast, and under its belly full of water. Different fish are fighting for - different. The struggle continues from several minutes to a small blue shark and a few hours with tuna or marlin. Fishing on the record required gear in the class IGFA 15, 24, 37 or 60 kilograms. For marlin and giant blue fin tuna are required to tackle 40 - 60 kilograms. Small marlin and tuna (big eye and yellow fin), as well as sword - fish, need to hunt for their tackles in 25 - 40 kg, while for a small shark, tuna, sailfish and striped marlin uses tackles in 15 - 25 kilograms.

For this extreme sport special heavy-duty rod designed. They consist of a lower thrust the handle of lightweight stainless steel alloy, durable spool and roller guides with trademarks "aftko", "mildram" or "finnor". Trolling rods designed and made even more durable than conventional rods for sea angling bottom. Different traditions in sea fishing and angling on record led to the fact that in many countries record the rod at one classification has different ranks. Standing angling rods are recommended so-called "California" style - with elongated front handle and a long lower hilt - which in their qualities are superior to conventional traditional trolling rods.

Coils are designed very durable and designed for high capacity heavy-duty fishing line. Most anglers preferred lever brake coils due to their reliability and smoothness of operation and control of clutch, able to withstand the test of power quickly flying monsters with their desperate throws. Lines are used depending on the class you choose. Nylon fishing line - the most commonly used. Fluorescent fishing line provides better control. Braided fishing line - still a favorite of many anglers, angling record involved, but normally provides for rent, boats are extremely rare.

Fishing equipment and basic techniques

Fishing is done with drifting or at anchor boat with natural bait or bait fish - especially for bottom fish like shark and tuna, not to mention the sword - fish. Trolling - most often used in fishing angling method for a record which is applicable in a wide range of fish species, and which consists in that the artificial or natural bait is pulled behind a boat.

Fishing with drifting or at anchor boats, usually made using a feeding trough and which is particularly well attracting various species of shark. As a dressing use large pieces of fish and baits. They lure to the boat and also tuna and bring it to the hooks with bait placed at different depths.

Best results are obtained when catching trough shark, and three or four of bait may be positioned at different levels, for example, one just below the surface, one - 10 or 20 meters and one - 50 meters away. Aroma scraps of fish forms a "leash" in the water, helping the shark to find the way to the boat. But manger involved and other fish species, such as large Dorado and mackerel.

Underwood for sharks is placed at different depths using a float-type balloon or plastic container that is placed on the main cord. Only use fresh bait and feeding - from sardines to mackerels parts or small pieces of tuna.

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