The history of the appearance of the multiplier reel is shrouded in a mass of myths and legends. It is known that the multiplier reel was used by fishermen for a very long time. Such reel were made in a wooden case and were used for fishing on carp, catfish, sturgeon and other strong fish. Modern multiplier reel first started producing companies that produced mechanical watches. According to other information, the authorship of the modern multiplier belongs to the Swedish company "Abu Garcia".
What is a multiplier reel?
The main distinguishing characteristic of the multiplier is the multiplication of the force that acts on it. So, for one turn of the handle the spool performs 3.5 - 6.5 revolutions. All multiplier reel for spinning are conventionally divided into two classes: classical and low-profile. Let's start the conversation with the features of the device and the choice of classic multipliers.
Classic multiplier reel
The main scope of use of models of this class - the implementation of long casts using heavy baits. Outwardly they resemble a barrel and are used for catching almost any kind of fish. At the same time, most often classical animators buy for fishing purposes for large, heavy baits.
The production of quality classic multipliers among manufacturers of fishing products is considered a special factor of prestige. Each company strives to produce an increasingly expensive and reliable multiplier reel to attract the attention of fishermen around the world. In this sense, in the fishing market there is a real "arms race" with enormous costs for the development of effective solutions.
The internal arrangement of classic multipliers
The main constructive elements of the classical multiplier are the main bronze gear and the spool gear of a smaller size. The ratio of the rotation of the handle of the device to the rotation of the spool is determined precisely by the dimensions of the gears.
The speed of the spool is higher, the larger the main and the less the bobbin gears. But in the case of an excessive difference in their size, the wear rate of the spool gear decreases and the tractive effort is reduced. Therefore, the main task of manufacturers of classical multiplier models is to find the most harmonious balance between the sizes of gears.
The next component of the "classic" is a system of Teflon sleeves that contract when the clutch is clamped. It is strongly recommended that you leave the cartwheel with an open brake. This can lead to premature deformation of the discs, loss of their elasticity and a decrease in the efficiency of the friction brake.
Bearings of classic multipliers
In the multiplier reel, several types of bearings are used. But regardless of the size of the "classic", almost all models use a roller bearing. Its main task is to center the handle and increase the smoothness of its stroke. This bearing needs regular and thick lubrication.
Hand wheel retention detent
Flywheels differ depending on the stroke length and are conditionally divided into two main groups: "Fast" and "Normal". A high speed flywheel instantly stops the reel after turning the knob in the opposite direction, and the response of the flywheel of the normal stroke is somewhat slowed down. Classic multiplier reel are designed to perform power casts and fight large fish.
Lines distribution system
One of the constructive elements of this system is the "crescent", in contact with the screw, which sequentially drives the entire system. It is this crescent that is most exposed to sand and other small particles. Especially often unprotected models suffer from sand, which should be remembered when choosing the model of the multiplier.
The classic multiplier is always equipped with a long spool, since the reel itself is designed to accommodate a large number of lines. In low-profile multipliers, when the reset button of the bobbin is pressed, the line and the distributor of the line are disconnected.
Due to the fact that low-profile devices are equipped with a short spool. A fishing line, running away from them, does not prevent casting. In classic reel with a long spool, disconnection of the distributor is unacceptable. Otherwise, the forest would resist too much. Which significantly reduces the casting range.
Material of the distributor line
The most popular materials for the production of the distributor of the multiplier reel are SIC, ceramics, titanium carbide, titanium nitride or chromed wire.
Chromed wire is good only if you use a nylon line. A woven fishing line wipes this material, creating jags, which later spoil any other fishing line. Titanium alloys and aluminum oxide are more versatile and suitable for all types of fishing lines.
Multipliers are equipped with a double handle. There are two reasons for this. First of all, the double handle is more convenient. In addition, it replaces the balance bar, increasing lightness and giving twisting greater inertia. Handles of classic multiplier reels for fishing differ in the degree of convenience. The most comfortable handles have a flattened shape and a slightly depressed middle.
Handles of some multipliers are equipped with ball bearings. I must say that there is not much point in this. Moreover, the ball bearing can create unnecessary problems in the event that sand gets into it, and the probability of this is very high.
Also the handles differ depending on the length. Short handles contribute to higher rotation speeds of the reel, due to the reduction in the radius of rotation. The long handle gives the reel more pulling power.
Friction brake multiplier reel
This device is located directly below the handle. In the process of fishing, the friction brake promotes the exhaustion of the fish, greatly facilitating the work of the fisherman. The quality of this component, the fineness of its settings, largely determines the convenience of the fisherman.
In classic multipliers, it is possible to include a ratchet. It should be noted that the gear of the fishing line distributor is made of plastic. In ratchet mode, it is brought into engagement with a metal plate. Therefore, regular use of the ratchet is not recommended. This mode is very convenient for trolling and bottom fishing, but immediately after the cutting we recommend to turn off the ratchet.
Centrifugal brake of the multiplier reel
This element is not found in reel equipped with magnetic brakes (in low-profile multipliers). But the classic multipliers, equipped only with a mechanical brake, can have a centrifugal brake. The design of the centrifugal brake consists of a cross and plastic weights of a small size. In its normal state, these weights are located almost in the middle, and the brake itself is disconnected.
Adjusting the plastic weights allows you to adjust the inertia of the reel. So, if you move the weights closer to the top, inertia will weaken, closer to the bottom - the inertia will increase. It is necessary to say that not all classic fishing reels allow for normal adjustment of weights. Often changing their position leads to an unexpectedly large or, on the contrary, too little inertia.
Most often, the adjustment of weights is resorted to when it is necessary to extinguish the excess energy of the spool when casting. This prevents the formation of a beard, especially with force casts.
Low-profile multiplex reel for spinning
The main characteristic of the low-profile multiplier reel for fishing is the ability to perform long casts using light baits. Low-profile multipliers are designed to perform long and precise casts, and allow the use of small-mass baits.
When developing new models of these reel, the main task facing the engineers is to combine the maximum casting distance and ease of bait. The disadvantage of these reel is that they are not suitable for operation under heavy loads. Low-profile spinning reels for spinning are often equipped with additional components in order to improve the convenience of fishing. For example, sensitive magnetic brakes.
The internal arrangement of the low-profile multiplier reel
Having conducted an excursion above in particular the device of classical multipliers, we suggest to familiarize with the basic characteristics of low-profile reel. The gear spool of the fishing line is located near the main gear. In low-profile multipliers, it is not possible to disable it.
All the components of classic reel are much more powerful than components of low profile reel for fishing. In this regard, the rotation speed of the "classic" is lower, and the tractive effort is greater. In low-profile reel, the opposite is true.
Magnetic brake low-profile multiplier
The presence of a magnetic brake system is one of the principal differences between reel of this class. The main characteristic of the magnetic brake is its sensitivity.
Low-profile multiplex spinning reel are made of light materials. The best option is the IM4-IM9 carbon. The higher the carbon grade, the higher the reel's strength, and consequently its durability.
Manufacturers of multiplier reels
Shimano multiplier reel
Shimano multiplier reel belong to the category of high-quality and expensive products. They are distinguished by their lightness, soft stroke. Due to high quality and reliability, they are most popular in the segment of expensive reel. It can be confidently said that in the case of Shimano reel, the price is fully in line with the quality.
Daiwa multiplier reel
These reel belong to a class of expensive and high-quality fishing goods. As a rule, they are even lighter than the reel of the previous manufacturer. In addition, they stand out with a soft stroke, attractive design. Easy operation and noiseless operation are provided by the use of plastic elements. This in some sense reduces the reliability of the design. They require a careful and careful attitude. With a fall or physical shock, the chance of failure is high.
Cartridge reels Abu Garcia
Multiplier reels Abu Garcia are convenient in conditions of fishing for the largest fish. From the reel of previous manufacturers, the Abu Garcia models are more weighty. The fact is that these reel use the minimum number of plastic elements. The main components of the reel are made of metal. This significantly increases the reliability of the device. They differ in the average ease of movement, not too comfortable handles.
The ideal application of the reel of this manufacturer is catching the largest fish. For relaxed fishing for your own pleasure, it's better to choose something smaller.
Penn multiplier reels
Penn produces high quality products at a high cost. The company that produces one of the most prestigious reel. Its products are really distinguished by high reliability and quality. They are very harmoniously combined lightness of the stroke, reliability of construction and noiselessness. The only drawback is the high price.
Banax multiplex reel
Banax multiplex reels belong to the average price category. The company produces medium-level products at a not too high price. It features a reliable body and mechanism. Among the shortcomings should be mentioned quite a noisy and not very easy move, a significant weight.
Ryobi multiplier reel
Ryobi multipliers belong to the middle category of value and quality. The reel are about the same class as Banax. The average level of value corresponds to the average level of quality.
The most popular manufacturers of multiplier reels for fishing are considered. These multiplier reel have proved themselves positively both among professional fishermen and amateurs.