Sometimes fishing situations arise when the tackle for distance casting have to catch a very large distance from the coast - 40-50 m and more, because that is where is found bigger fish. If thus it behaves very cautiously and bites are weak, the only chance to catch a fish becomes the use of float tackle, which would make the ultra-long throw.
Average match rod copes with its task if the casting distance is less than 40 m, the greater the distance required tackles a different level and in particular this applies to the rod. The most dramatic difference - in throw-weight cargo - the upper limit comes up to 35-40 grams, this is due not only to the large mass of the float is used, but also very significant dynamic load occurring at the time of casting. Accordingly, the order for a fishing rod in the range from medium hard to very hard. In fishing, the first who took a fishing rod in hand, when idle mahah (without tooling) may get the impression generally stiff "stick".
Manufacturers sometimes indicate a wide range of values of the test rod. From the consumer's point of view, this is good - to have one, even if expensive "but the universal rod. However, it should be borne in mind that the real test begins from 10-15 g, and all that is less of a rod, of course, you can throw, but this time it will not work in the best way, giving more specialized models. Very often, the actual weight of the float for long casting with a complete reload is larger (and much!) Said to him, or in the catalog, especially the floats weighing more than '10 hence some reassurance at the upper end of the rod of the test may be not out of place.
Another feature of these rods - in length. Usually, it is 4.5 m, more rarely - 4.8 m (typically newer models), and the length of 4.2 m is becoming increasingly rare. The increase in length compared to traditional match rod, firstly, increases the casting distance, and secondly, facilitates the management tackle at long range. The complex requirements for rod for long-distance casting forcing manufacturers to use expensive technology and composite materials based on high modulus carbon, so the rod of this class are very expensive: from 0 to 0 or higher.
Their produces a limited number of fishing companies, most of which - the Italian. Typically, this enterprise, which is closely related to fishing activities, which, by the way, these rods are used quite widely, but even in their portfolio is rarely more than a half-dozen models in its class. In reality, the Russian market you can find models of firms: Maver, Solmic, Trabucco and Browning. From a number of high-quality rod with a gentle price you should pay attention to the model Aelita Special Hi Match. By the way, the rod of this type is perfect for carp, especially if applied fairly heavy floats and long casts. Other characteristics (material and location of crossing rings, reel holder, handle material, decoration, etc.), generally correspond to the class and price level of the rod and rarely cause complaints.
The second most important element of tackles - reel. When choosing a reel (as, indeed, and rods) compromises have to leave for other cases: for a fishing tackle is required really serious. And today, perhaps, only the coil Shimano Stradic series GTX and GTXH fully meet all the requirements of the catch. This primarily refers to the speed of take-up of fishing line - in fact every time the casting blank or undercuts have to win the fishing line about 50 meters, even more than it Shimano 50 speed reel handle, not to mention other, less high-speed reels.
In addition, the impeccable styling these coils of fishing line is very positive effect on casting distance, and Instant brake friction brake (brake flag) allows you to improve the quality of the cuttings. However, sacrificing them, you can save on a reel Super Match of the same firm. Among the additional advantages of Shimano reels should be noted will be able to purchase spare spools at very reasonable prices (5-10% of the cost of the coil). Coil size - not less than 3000 (preferably 4000), that it will have a maximum speed of the retrieve.
Although earlier I mentioned that the coil can save a little and, having spent most of the money in the rod, but fishing with ultra-long reflux is exception in this sense, the role of the coils in this case is very important. Because this tackles everything is subordinated to maximize casting distance, and the selection of woods used as a basic, very limited. It should be a soft sinking fishing line with the actual (measured with a micrometer) in diameter 0,14-0,16 mm. The thinner fishing lines do not provide the strength and can break when slicing down powerful, rigid rod in combination with a heavy float, and thicker - significantly reduces casting distance. However, sometimes, for example, carp, you can put a diameter 0,18-0,2 mm.
In all cases, be sure to use a thicker section of fishing line - the so-called shock-leader. It accounts for the main load when casting tackle. Line diameter shock leader from 0.18 to 0.2 mm (for carp to 0.22 mm), it must be very durable and wear resistant, with a certain stiffness will not damage - such a monofilament is less confused. Length - from half to twice the length of the rod, at catching large fish shock leader length can be increased to two and a half, three rod lengths, to draw in the final stage, the load fell on him, and not on the main line sinking.
The use of shock-leader simplifies assembly gear for distance casting on a pond: it is enough to fasten only one, but a very important node, as shown in the figure. Trim loose ends of line short should not be - as it passes through the ring they spring, reducing the casting distance, optimally leave about 1.5 cm While fishing is necessary to periodically monitor the state assembly and in case of doubt in the reliability bandage. The use of shock-leader of the house allows us to produce a supply of rigs with different floats (for different fishing conditions, as well as to tackle the event of failure) and in the process of catching quickly replace them as needed.
The main type of float used - Waggler total mass of 15 to 20 Weight g. float selected in each case based on the objectives and fishing conditions. We need to throw further guaranteed performed in terms of catching 5-7 m - less frightening fish and makes it possible to perform high quality fishing line heating. Furthermore, it must be maintained precision casting, especially in the lateral or gusty winds. If these conditions are not met, the weight of the float must be increased, but it should not be forgotten that the heavier equipment, so it is less sensitive.
With experience, the problem is solved quickly and easily. The use of floats over 20 grams, in my opinion, is only justified in cases of extremely distant casting (of course, the application of the rod with the appropriate test), as well as under adverse conditions: a significant counter or crosswind, great excitement on the water surface. Keep in mind that the float having a stabilizer to the antenna (3-4 glued flap), flies by 10-20% on float without it.
An important consideration when choosing a float is its visibility at a great distance from the fisherman, and the out of competition - the new models of floats with removable tubular antenna. Ease of them is that, firstly, the rapid replacement antenna can pick up the desired color; very often, especially on a light background of water, the best visibility in all black antenna. Second, due to the free passage of water they produce a minimum resistance when biting, and thirdly, such an antenna provides an additional stabilization during flight of the float.
Although a good float is quite expensive (. 150-200 rubles), however, with some losses have to accept that even experienced athletes "shoot" a few pieces for the season. Therefore, such training is better to start fishing in low headwind eventually detached float can sail back. Usually it causes "shooting" is the overlap of fishing line around the "tulip" when casting, the destruction ringlet float fastener or attachment to a scaffold.
The most commonly used snap - fastening with a hollow float, ensuring maximum range. In this installation of 90-95% by weight of the entire equipment is concentrated in the float, and only a small proportion - on the line, so the snap during a flight almost flies in a straight line and does not revolve around a common center of mass, and this is achieved by a large flight distance. In addition, even when the hard splashdown, when there is no braking, this type of equipment is not prone to frequent overlap. The advantages of the blind attachment of the float are still easy to install and that the gear starts to work almost immediately after the drowning of line. However, the disadvantages of this and tackle quite limited fishing depth - not more than 2/3 of the length of the rod.
Another, not so obvious it is that the principal hooking force at a first point on the float falls, or rather its attachment point, and only then passed on to the hook. This reduces the efficiency of cuttings and overloads mount the float and rod, which is fraught with its breakage and such cases when using heavy floats are. From these evils is a partial antidote, which I call the moving rig. Its essence is that the float can slide along the fishing line, but not nearly to the full depth of the fishery like moving display and partially - on 1-1,5.
This is achieved by increasing the fishing depth of 4-5 meters and a significant reduction in load on the gear when cutting. However, to complete the work required gear increasing load on the line to 15-20% of the total weight, which is somewhat degrades flight characteristics, and moreover, it is necessary to knit more locking assemblies restricting downward movement of the float, making it more time-consuming process of manufacturing gear.
Outbound throw with a full sliding snap perform quite difficult. Since the use of such equipment due to greater depths (over 4-5 m), then to reduce the time of its sinking have to significantly increase the mass of weights on the fishing line - up to 30-40% or more of the total weight of the equipment. This leads to the fact that in flight it rotates around the common center of mass of the float-sinker, with greatly reduced casting distance.
For the same reason, such a snap very prone to tangling and without inhibition in the final stage of the flight of a full fishing you can forget - overlap is guaranteed. But do not despair - the experience of fishing with a sliding snap with time comes. What really is difficult, because this is the correct power throw and complementary feeding? Experience shows that anglers, even quite mastered fishing with long casts is afraid to load the rod.
But the ultra-long throw should be just the power, sweeping and rather sharp, sometimes even to the point snap cliff. Moreover, it can be performed in such a way that when the flight path tailwind was higher - thereby increasing the casting distance, and at the opposite side, or - a lower, then the influence of the wind is somewhat offset. About the same flight path should be at the ball of bait, which is bombarded by a slingshot as hand so far and accurately throw the bait unrealistic. Slingshots are used at the same time the most powerful, with tough and durable rubber, better stitched cups. For slingshots have to watch carefully, replacing as necessary rubber or other design elements as torn at the time of casting rubber can leave a memorable bruise, and not only on the hand.
The bait for casting long distance you need to use very tight, despite the fact that fishing conditions may require a more loose-ended. To make it such properties are added adhesive for bait and weights - mostly clay. One of the balls of bait should be cast near him to control the correctness of the composition - a ball must break up, even for a long time (up to an hour), or the effect of the bait, a stone lying on the bottom, is practically zero.
To bait quickly eroded at the bottom, it is possible to add a small amount of maggots. The larvae in the formation of a ball of bait for a time sufficient for its casting, as it freezes, cease to move, and then begin active movement, which reduces the time blurring the ball a few times. However, maggot and he is great bait for any fish, especially large. Optimal size balls of bait - from a walnut to that of a small tangerine. Many fishermen complain about the lack of precision of feeding using a slingshot. It depends entirely on the experience: the more often it is used, the more accurate lie balls float around. Try to make wads of bait as far as possible the same size and in the shape of a ball. As for the other aspects of fishing with ultra-long reflux, they are no different from catching on a close range, and fishing usually does not cause problems.
Far throw to carp lake
Many anglers fishing for carp ponds on paid use a rod with a reel that is a tackle for distance casting. Despite the sufficient complexity of this method of fishing, this is the explanation. Match rod allows exploitation of such a large part of the reservoir - from the coast and at a distance of 50-60 meters from the fishing reel has certain advantages when pulling a big fish. You cannot ignore the fact that the cost of a set (3-4 pieces) match rod below or comparable to the price of a plug.
Carp farms are typically one or more reservoirs dug, often so small that at a distance of a plug rod (10-14 m) depth barely reaches half a meter. Catch with a depth - employment difficult and often hopeless. The bottom of the pond are often heavily silted and overgrown with algae, which seriously hampers fishing with bottom gear, even the lightest trough sinks deep into the mud. Count on a good catch in these conditions it allows it to tackle long-distance casting.
In carp farming, which I recently visited, the fish in the pond was launched a couple of years ago. Most of her to my fishing time was already caught, the rest is very much "smarter" - close to the beach was not suitable, and to the Donkey treated with great suspicion. Because here at any bank of bottom topography is almost identical, choosing fishing grounds, I was guided by the wind.
It is known that any fish willingly coming to surf the beach - there is something to make money: the wind and waves are driven in this part of the body of water and washed away his food from the shore (or the bottom); in the presence of a fish give excitement feels more relaxed. Most of all, I was located to catch so that the wind was blowing in his face, and only when the need for a long-distance casting (more than 50 m) is necessary to use a tailwind for high range.
In a familiar pond I just install a fishing box and begin kneading bait. The bait for carp includes a large number of large particles, to swelling which takes at least an hour. For fishing as a basis, I use "Unikorm-carp" and to improve the properties of the basic mix - "3000 Carp" company Sensas course in a proportion of about 2-3.1. It is desirable to add the granulated feed fish and sweet corn canned beer.
The dry mixture was mixed thoroughly, and then gradually adds the water, bringing the bait to the desired consistency. If I throw the bait to the point of catching hand, then I does it a little moister (for better tack) - otherwise the balls will fall apart in the air. When using a slingshot such problems do not arise, and the bait can be made more friable - that significantly improves its effect.
In an unfamiliar body of water it makes sense to spend some time learning about the bottom relief. It is convenient to use a pre-equipped (better bologna) fishing rod with a heavy 8-12 g float. Bring it in action, and check out a few promising places - it ten minutes. Pay attention to any change of the relief - the bottom of the blue brow or even a pit depth of 10-20 cm is promising.
Only to determine the place of fishing, you can do the installation of the box and preparing bait. I then laid out on the stand and am equipped with a rod. For a friend of the reservoir is equipped with fishing rods at home, and the rod itself is laid out into three parts, and fix rubber bands. On the reservoir need only dock the bait and fasten the float. Usually, I use three or four tackles.
Two rods are equipped with the most promising in terms of catching the snap-ins with floats carrying capacity of 8 or 10 g, and the third - a lighter rig (load capacity of the float from 3 to 8 g), and the fourth - the heavy (12-16 g). Easier tooling may be required at a very gentle biting or under ideal weather conditions, more severe - when the weather deterioration (increasing wind, currents).
In shallow fishing there is no need to do the float moving, and I use Stonfo firm clasp to its stationary mounting. After a more thorough measurement of depth (which use the depth gauge (2-3 g) is to check the consistency of the bait, if necessary, adjust it and start modeling balloons for the start (main) feeding. Balls should be made for the possibility of a circular shape and the same size is very strongly influenced by. Accuracy as the hand, and with the help of a slingshot First.
I use 60 to 80% of the bait, and in some cases -. and all because complementary feeding can permanently scare the fish, especially in shallow water after feeding has at least 10 15 minutes before the arrival of the fish, which should be spent on additional equipment fishing grounds: spread out the nozzle, collect landing net and set the tank for fishermen, more or less familiar with the Match tackle, catching process too much trouble is not Float throw more fishing points and simultaneously tighten up mark on the line, made a special marker, or nodule, which serve as a reference point distance casting. In most cases, carp prefer to take the nozzle, lying motionless on the bottom, so the wiring is practically absent, only occasionally can be a little to shift the float fishing line 0.5-1 coil turn.
Bites are very diverse carp, the fish are not familiar with the hook, take the nozzle safely, permanently drown float or go with him to the side - hook in a snap. Other business items, were on the hook, their bite is usually sharp, but not strong and is manifested in the rapid movement of the float. Select the time for the cuttings can be difficult, we have to constantly be on the alert: the rod should be kept in hand and be ready to make an instant cutting. Facilitates the task that at a certain distance from the shore carp weight is less cautious, time undercut, it is firmly seated on the hook.
Very often carp lakes you can see the big picture, when I got the fish angler literally rips out of the water using a coil tightly prolonged friction brake. Fish resists that have the strength and tearing a scaffold on which to bring a copy of a much more significant. This method of pulling is justified only in one case - if you catch in the impenetrable thickets of grass, or snags, where any attempt to escape fish inevitably results in a tangled gear and loss of fish.
In all other situations, stretching is best done by preventing critical loads in the tackle. Adjustment of the clutch to my coils typically designed so that it operates at half load or slightly greater breaking load leash fishing line, and that, if the water cleans enough to pull the very large specimens. The risk of breakage of the rod or fishing line break when this setting is minimal.
Rods must be quite powerful. I use special carp match rod designed for high loads, with the test from 10 to 20-25, the two models of the firm, and Milo-Avoluis Carp MKII, one firm and one Maver Daiwa. The undisputed leader in reels of match for me is firm Shimano - Stradic it works flawlessly. The main fishing line - sinking Tubertini firms Solmic or Trabucco diameter 0,16-0,18 mm, leashes thinner 0.12-0.16 mm - from fishing line these same firms. Hooks also - Gamakatsu or Milo.