Roach is one of our most common fish of the carp family. Can successfully survive in standing water and large flow, with the exception of trout streams or shallow bodies of water are prone to desiccation. It is found in most of Europe. Habitat roach begins in France and extends east to the Lena River in Siberia. In Europe, it is not only in the Iberian Peninsula, south of the Alps and the Balkans lives only in the Danube basin. No roach in Ireland and in Scotland.
In addition to fresh water, and can live in the mouths of large rivers flowing into the sea. Roach currently does not have much economic significance. With the increasing standard of living has decreased interest in the consumption of white fish, so if the roach and added to the ponds for breeding fish, only to fry it became food for the predator. Meaning roach sport fishing is her lot in almost all ponds and rivers, and that can be more or less success to catch all year round. Roach reaches a length of 40 cm, and weight can be more than 1 kg. Of course, only under favorable conditions for development.
The most frequently caught roach between 10 and 20 cm. The body of roaches is longer than, for example, bream and with age begins to grow in height. This occurs when a roach reaches 15-20 cm in length. Body laterally compressed, with large and beautiful silvery scales and precise lateral line. The back is gray-green, green, brown and green. Depending on age and living conditions. The dorsal and caudal fins are usually gray-green. Lower twin fins and anal fin reddish - orange-red with a dark tip. With age, the color red fins increases.
It is because of the color of the fins is sometimes confused with roach Rudd. Fish head is relatively small, rounded snout and ordinary. Roth medium, intended to supply the small insects and algae. In roach eyes are orange-red with a pronounced red spot at the top. This is one of the surest signs that distinguish it from other rare species of roach, which has yellow eyes.
Roach able to adapt to different conditions - lives in rivers with medium to slow flow near the dams, channels, creeks and estuaries, even in brackish water estuaries and river mouths. He prefers to dwell in places where there is vegetation, but not right in it as Rudd, and around it. It is a fish with exceptional adaptability to the conditions, which are often not like this type of approach.
In the absence of predators, usually roach organizes numerous flocks. It propagated often can a few times during the summer, reaching sexual maturity in their second or third year of life. It spawns in April and May, often in the presence of other cyprinids. For spawning chooses tributaries of rivers and shallow oxbow lakes, overgrown with vegetation. Caviar roach can be fertilized by males of some other species, so there is the hybrid offspring.
Prefers the middle and lower layers of the water, the bottom is sand, clay, but not too muddy. It feeds on insects, larvae, worms, and in the summer and thread algae.
Where to find and catch roach
Despite the large number of perch, which ruthlessly destroys the fry of roach, it is still found in sufficient quantities and in large flocks. Most fishing is the first fish caught roach. The reason is that especially small birds are often kept close to the shore. Roach typical schooling fish. If the bait to catch at least one roach, it means that a number is a whole pack, which may prevent the approach and catching big fish, destroying your bait in no time. However, the choice of location is to catch roach has its own characteristics.
The main condition - the existence of the depth, closeness of reeds, seaweed strips and mainly sandy or loamy gravel bottom. Roach caught year-round, except during severe frosts and during snowmelt when there is an increase in the acidity of water. During the summer heat you need to look for roach mostly below dams in tributaries and flows near, but not too strong. In swamps and peat bogs caught roach starts already in early spring.
During the summer heat its activity and, accordingly, the bite is much weaker. In late summer, its activity is growing again. Roach is active mainly in the daytime, in the warm season, and in the evening before dusk. At night roach rarely caught, this is rather an exception. In late fall and winter roach starts to take the best from the afternoon and into the evening.
The food for roach generally is zooplankton and small aquatic animals, but in principle it is an omnivore. The food, mainly looking for roach in the upper layers of the day and in the evening moved into the lower half of the water column. Large specimens of roach eat more at the bottom, and the young near the surface. Search roach flock should be in the lower and middle parts of the stream. Most often dwells on the border of the moderate currents and stagnant water, or near the bottom of the various faults.
On the marshes roaches prefer a darkened space, likes to be near the water plant. Flocks of large roach live mostly in deeper water, away from the coast. Therefore, a large roach is best fished from a boat. Often it comes at catching bream on board a fishing rod. In winter roach goes into deeper, quiet location, away from the coast, which somewhat complicates its catch. When searching for big roach do not need to be afraid of the great depths. As a rule, a large gathering of roach, close to necessarily be predators: pike, zander, perch.
Roach preferred solid bottom, if possible, gravel or stone, but also can be sand or clay. IL and bottom clusters for small fry is not so typical, it cannot delve into it like a fish to pull snouts (carp, bream, tench). She preferred the food that is on the surface (snails, caddis flies and other various aquatic creatures and flying), or floating in the water (hatched insects, plankton). In the evening on the lakes can be seen as a roach swarms of insects collected from the surface of the pond.
When catching roach
Roach lives in all kinds of water, but in some areas it is difficult to find where in theory it should be, although large flocks of roach may be nearby. If you want to focus on catching large roach, the easiest way to look for it in the large and deep reservoirs. Large rivers and lakes have their own balance sheet, which holds an abundance of all species of fish at a reasonable level, so the fish can grow to large sizes. Therefore, it is not so much about the capacity of the area, and how many fish live in it.
Example: Take two equally large and deep ponds, but one in the cold highlands, and the other in the warm valley. In the first we find a lot of small roach and pike, and the other warmer, are large flocks of roach, and even a large number of predators will not affect the population of the roach. Roach is usually collected in large schools of similar sized fish. During the year, you'll find it in different places. Typically, the spring flocks of roach sent upstream from the dam on tributaries of small rivers and streams. There roach spawns.
At this time, you can catch a big roach (over 35 cm). If you look at the statistics catch large specimens of this species, it is noticeable that most of the time catching big roach is from March to May. Later in the season, to catch big roach, it is necessary to search for specific habitats and fish feeding. This is usually great depths of the lake or river, with differences and eyebrows. In summer, large roaches need to look at the depth of about 10 meters. Targeted catches at this depth is technically complex, usually fishing should be conducted from a boat.
The bait for roach
In preparation for feeding roach should follow one important thing. Successful feeding of the fish, that is, the bait should always be dark and be similar to the color of the bottom, where we catch. The reason is simple - small fry small fish and should, of course, to protect themselves from predators, what helps her dark color back. Roach careful where spends all his time, because is constantly in danger of predators. Therefore, if you ask her to light the bait, it simply ignores it, because it will have to be on a light background, where predators it will be too noticeable.
Lure fishing roach necessary. Most often enough to throw five or six large crumpled balls of bread, or mix several varieties of cereal. Most fragrance does not matter. Ready-packed special bait well attracts roaches, and fish are quick to respond to their presence in the water.
Bait branded manufacturers, selected locations catching roach need to throw in small portions. If the bottom is not overgrown with grass, feeding effect is very fast. The bait may include boiled corn, a variety of cereals, maggot dung and chopped worms. But soon a large flock arrives; they begin to feast, occasionally getting caught on the hook for the angler.
Natural food in roach products are very diverse and depend on the season. It feeds on plankton, insects, mollusks, crustaceans, and all that is now. Options select the right lures are virtually limitless. Probably the most common baits: worms, grubs, snails and shellfish meat, which is very fond of roach. For catching roach on the float rod bait animals often used, for example, maggot, bloodworm, worms, and, above all, the pupa.
Excellent caught roach on the silkworm chrysalis, the pupa of wasps or bees, bark beetle pupa, and many other creatures. The good summer bait when fishing for roach on the river are the larvae of aquatic insects. It is best roach caught on Caddis. In early spring, after the disappearance of the ice, it is desirable to use the bait of animal origin. Summer roach prefers vegetable bait, but do not give up, and from animals. Bait size is important, as a small roach mouth. When using vegetable baits chosen bait soft and reasonable size.
Effective bait to roaches, as in the majority of white fish, steamed peas and cereals. It happens that they are better than any animal bait. Good roach takes canned corn. In summer you can catch some of the algae, the main thing to know what she eats in this place. Roach likes hemp seed, so that it is very good to use as bait.
Tackles for catching roach
Catching roach on the float rod is the most preferred method of fishing. Special gear for catching roach do not need, simply telescope 4-5 meters. If fishing takes place from the shore, it is desirable to use a fishing rod is longer than 5-6 meters, for better casting lures. Fishing rod with a reel may be much shorter than if you catch with a sliding float.
The floats are chosen depending on the distance casting and fishing conditions. A simpler option, movable floats with fastening at the bottom. In high winds, however, the float is more stable double pin - below and in the middle. Summary monofilament diameter of 0.14, and if necessary, to 0.10 and 0.08. The choice is complicated hooks depending on the bait, what we catch. For maggots good fit hook with a thin right forearm, with an expressive sharp end - mostly №14, but you can №16 and №18.
However, if a large roach, taken already №10-№12. When choosing boiled wheat, oat or pea hooks with a short for end №12 and №14. The float is best fully sinking in the water, leaving a small part of the antenna surface. Can catch roach and without a float, especially in the summer insects - small grasshoppers, caddis and mayflies. Also some special methods have been formed for catching roach on the surface of a pond. For example, in the summer, when the fish rose to the upper layers can be caught without a float and sinker. The bait in such cases, the insects - grasshoppers, maggots or pupae Caddis.
The aim is that the bait they go downstream. Usually this is enough to provoke the interest of roach, and it will follow the bait and try to attack it. In summer conditions, when the fish close to the surface, you can catch on mayflies fly, often with the bait dip. Good results can be obtained from the bottom of the catching roach. In this case, a bait 60-70 cm from the bottom. In pure water, the fish sees the bait only, it dulls the vigilance of her, and she decisively takes the bait.
Catching roach winter
Roach in the winter, in the presence of the ice cover, moving along the bottom of the most popular trails in the lower level and no higher than 4 m. The depth of the shoal of roach stay depends on the atmospheric pressure. The differential pressure 1020 1000 fish descend deeper, adjusting the pressure in the swim bladder. That she takes more time than, for example, Pike. Because roach swim bladder closed, while it is an open pike, and pike can equalize the pressure quickly. This is the answer to the question why roaches and other white fish are fed during the pressure drop is much better than when the pressure increases.
In winter it is best to catch roach, where already the accumulation of fishermen on the ice, but be careful - the roaches do not like noise. After drilling a few holes, it is necessary to lure them and wait for some time to calm down and roach came to the place pours bait. When fishing using bloodworm, maggot, processed cheese, and sometimes worms. Raising and lowering the bait increases the number of bites. Catch on winter fishing roach, usually from the bottom, but sometimes caught roach on the floor water well.
The best is catching roach 5-10 cm from the bottom. In the middle of winter accumulation roach mostly on wells, feeding the fish, leaving the plateau or near the edge. Since the beginning of February roach closer to the shore at a depth of about three meters and sometimes even in the reeds at a depth of 50 cm! In shallow areas, it is necessary to be very quiet and peaceful. Closer to spring, roach caught at a depth of 30 cm. At this time, the noise of the drilling holes is very scary fish.
For productive fishing drilled at least 5 holes, arranged in a circle, 3-4 meters from each other. Bait used for winter fishing, a fraction of it is very small, almost dust. Often well caught roach on this jig without animal bait. Most catching roach rush before winter falls debacle. At this time, the fishermen called the last ice. At this time, the roach is not legible to the bait, and lacking everything.
Catching roach - conclusions
Catching roach great activity for anglers. Widespread this fish allows almost always have a good catch. If we do not set up for more serious fishing, such as bream, carp and other large fish, catching roach can greatly inspire you. With the right approach to this kind of catching fish, you can always be with large catches. Catch the roach can almost all year round, and in winter it is even more preferable when the other fish will ignore any bait. However, the best time for fishing in the roach is spring, early summer and autumn, when roach preparing for winter.
Culinary quality roach
Meat roach white, a little watery and soft. In the summer is not excluded, even bitterness, because the fish eat a lot of algae. Fry roach best in corn flour; it gives the fish a particular crispness. Very tasty dried roach, she fat and meat in her tight. From large roach good cook soup, it will be the richness and with a strong smell of fish. Fillet of large specimens of roach is weall baked in foil on the coals. At high temperature baking all the small bones like melted and we get a baked fillet of roach almost boneless.