Rudd belongs to the family of carp fish. This is one of the most beautiful fish in our waters, but occurs much less frequently than the small fry, with which it is often confused fishermen. Rudd Dimensions: length of 30-40 cm and weighing up to 1 kg. Rarely, it may exceed this weight, to reach 1.5 kg. From roach different eye color, her yellow they have other fish orange-red color.
In rudd mouth pointing up, indicating that it is powered from the surface of a lake or river. Its dorsal fin is located far behind the beginning of the pelvic fins, which in roach have a vertical axis with respect to the dorsal fin. The significant difference is that Rudd has much less protective mucus than roaches. Some of red fins silver, the color resembles a roach.
Other yellow-green as some other kinds of carp fish. The first species is found mainly in large expanses of open water, the latter kept vegetation in ponds and oxbow river. So it is in fact, the whole fish, which lives most of the time in the shade, whether it is in deep water or dirty water, counterstained with less than the same species of fish living in clean water.
Rudd in its addition of a fairly humpbacked fish. She strongly flattened sides and body shape more like bream, roach than.
The biggest attraction in this rudd fins - red wine and even brighter to some degree, except for the dorsal fin, which may be yellow or orange. Fish grows faster than roaches, and prefers to stand in slow-flowing waters. Rudd occurs much less than its rival roach. Rudd has its own individual ecological niche, she always seeks refuge in the vicinity of the aquatic vegetation and lives in the middle and upper layers of the reservoir or river.
It feeds on zooplankton rudd first and then plants, larvae, snails and insects. Rudd is one of the most common fish in Europe, mistress of almost all of our rivers, lakes and reservoirs. There are many subtypes that exist in nature. Usually the fish is less than the weight of 600-700 grams, but in most bodies of water weighs a lot less.
The exceptions are samples of 2-3 kg. Rudd is growing slowly, at the age of three years, weighs 30 grams, and five years - 60 g in seven years - from 100 to 150 g, in nine years - from 250 to 300, the length of her life - 25 years. It reaches sexual maturity at 3 years of life.
Spawning takes place in April in southern areas, in the north - in May or even June. The water temperature at which spawns rudd is different - in some reservoirs Rudd spawn as soon as the water rises to a temperature of 8-10 degrees, in other areas of spawning rudd can start when the temperature rises to 15-18 degrees. Usually rudd does great migration for spawning and spawn near permanent habitat.
Spawning rudd runs around the coast, in shallow bays and estuaries. Caviar rudd adheres to the remnants of last year's vegetation - horsetail, reeds, etc. The rivers sometimes lay eggs on rocky ground, and in a fairly strong current. Before spawning rudd becomes more vivid, puts on his festive attire: fins are bright, the male form lumps. Spawned, rudd becoming more sociable and organizes small flocks.
Bait fishing for rudd
Rudd is fed year round, but most looking for a better livelihood in warmer weather (June-August) and spring. In some reservoirs rudd not cease to feed during the spawning season. Rudd fry feed on small crustaceans, algae and insect larvae.
Nutrition adult fish depends on the presence of certain fodder. At some point in the diet dominated by vegetation, in other places - animal food. From plant food rudd prefer algae, from animal - shrimp larvae, caddis worms and insects. Sometimes eat the eggs of other fish. It feeds during the day and night.
Where to catch rudd. Fish habitat
During the summer, rudd form small flocks. Most lakes stick coastal vegetation. Here, depending on the time and conditions of supply may be on the bottom and on the surface. In calm weather, rudd moves away from the coast and hunts in the upper layers of water on the falling insects. In some large lakes, poor vegetation, rudd lives far from the coast on rocky or sandy shallows. In such places during the day and night it keeps the bottom and rises to the surface only in the morning and in calm weather.
Rivers dwelling rudd depends on the nature of the river and feeding habits. In rivers with muddy-sandy bottom, calm flow and rich vegetation as well as in lakes, rudd feeds mainly on plant food.
If the river is fast, there are rapids and small aquatic plants, rudd food insect larvae and other benthic organisms. Then the fish can be visible in areas with a moderate flow and on the mean depth. Typically redeye occurs in places where the bottom is of sand, silt or rocky deposits. Catching rudd inherently more difficult fishing, because the fish really is always kept close to the algae and reeds growing. Large rudd, with «life experience» almost never leaves their safe havens in thickets of plants.
Thus, it is much more cautious than the roach fish and find it quite difficult. Often during the summer days rudd rises to the very surface. Sometimes it produces quite a lot of noise. Just this game, especially if Rudd is in the middle of the open-water algae. It is a sign for the fisherman that this kind of happy with their merrymaking, which means that at this point it is necessary to try to catch a rudd.
Bait fishing for rudd
Rudd autumn and spring organizes large flocks and kept near the bottom. Use different bait for fishing rudd. In most waters at any time of the year rudd easy to catch on the larvae of various insects. In southern summer vegetable yield good results bait - bread, pastry, wheat. In the northern region is well caught rudd on small worms and maggots - maggots.
Interestingly, rudd sometimes completely ignores the living earthworms and eagerly missing parts, just close the hook with a piece of worm. Very good bait fishing for rudd is caddis, or as it is popularly called simply - shitik. Location, location and bait fishing rudd are selected in accordance with the way of life of the fish in the pond.
The bait for rudd
The bait for rudd used is almost the same as for catching roach. But there are some differences in the use of bait are for rudd. The bait for rudd to do such a density to it as long as possible remained in the upper and middle layers. It is necessary to lure not immediately get to the bottom. For example, take the bread as bait. Bread for the bait need to soak, drain and pass through a sieve, but do not grind. You can add and soaked biscuits, bran or bread crumbs. If the selected location for fishing rudd box in the algae, can be used bait in the form of a suspension.
The bait is molded into small balls. Rudd is capricious fish and therefore it is necessary to make several types of bait with different ingredients. The bait is well to add maggots, worms crushed dung, boiled corn, bread, small grasshoppers, and small white snails, which live on plants, near this lake.
Tackles for fishing rudd
Rudd fishing technique is simple. In calm water rudd best float fishing rod to catch on since it is necessary to catch in half-waters. Depth shutter bait, especially if a bait plant applied may be different. Frequently, the float is set so that, for example, bait applied to 30 cm from the bottom. Sometimes you have to catch a rudd in the middle layer and the surface of the water.
In general, in the morning and in the windy cold weather, rudd is at the bottom and in the middle of the day and warm calm weather, near the surface. The mass emergence of insect’s rudd can rise to the surface at any time. In the spring she keeps closer to the bottom than in the summer. Thus, for successful fishing rudd must be equipped, practical gear and bait is properly selected. The most common and practical considered telescopic rods.
It should be very easy with a thin and flexible tip. The length of the rod depends on the fishing redeye’s, but usually should not be more than 4 meters. The coil should be applied only for long-distance casting and catching big fish. The line diameter 0,15-0,2mm, the float is small and light. The cargo must be such that the float could peek out of the water no more than 3-4 mm. Hook № 3-6, depending on the size of the bait and the size of the catch the redeye.
In some cases, mainly in the spring and fast flowing rivers, rudd caught on the lower hook. Tackles, given care and false bites rudd should be thin - with a flexible rod tip, fine line, maybe less weight and a small hook. The sinker is exposed so that the bait is lifted over a bit from the bottom. Hooks depend on the bait, size №12 - №14 animal baits and №16 - №18 to use worms.
Catching rudd spring and summer
Spring is the best time to catch rudd early morning until 9:00. Spring rudd lakes intense bite, usually before sunrise. In the rivers of large individuals rudd can be caught throughout the day. After hibernation pack red fins actively looking for food. Fish activity lasts until the spawning. In some areas, rudd feeding during spawning.
In some ponds and lakes in the spring of rudd caught at night. Bait and lures for spring fishing rudd better use of animal origin, although many fishermen say that the spring of rudd caught on well and vegetable bait. In summer, rudd caught all day, but the best time is from dawn until noon. In the evening, the best bite is from 16 hours and before sunset. During the mass departure mayflies rudd caught well at night.
Methods of fishing rudd
The main method of catching fish is floating and slowly sinking bait. If the depth in the selected area is not more than 3 meters, it is not necessary to put the mobile float. It is necessary only when the need is very accurate throw. This is usually when the wall of reeds in a wide bay window or among thickets of seaweed.
Confident bite at rudd, if this fish over 20 cm in length. The style is similar to the bite attack bass bobber goes under the water rapidly and to the side. But it also happens, at first, as a rule, one or two small twitch and then the float drops with a possible slight deviation to the side. So usually bites big rudd. In the days when the fish are capricious, it may be interested in slowly sinking lure.
In such cases, resorted to forced sliding bait on the surface slightly leading the rod tip. Often when lifting should bite the bait on the bottom, but in such cases may bite and bream, if it is nearby. Hooking rudd should be fast and short, because his lips gentle rudd. In addition, she is fighting a much stronger and does not give up as quickly as roach.
Catching rudd is good fishing
Catching rudd is a fantastic activity for fishing, especially if you find the fish close to the shore in a hole among the seaweed. There are days when not caught no fish, but hitting a cluster of redeye, you're in for a few hours can beat all records for fishing. Rudd is able to set a pace of fishing, then you will often recall this particular day fishing rudd. Her beauty - a reward not only for the hands, but also to the eye fisherman. A feeling that the silence and solitude you outwitted with really careful and beautiful fish whose name rudd.
Culinary quality rudd
Here, however, we must recognize that, gourmet lovers will be disappointed. Meat gives Rudd strongly flavored herbs. The bitterness felt stronger than roach. The fish is a must to soak in the milk, if we want to consume it in their best shape.