In the sea, as in any other body of water has its own "fish points" for a long time and is well known to fans of salmon fishing. The greatest interest for spinnings is salmon and trout, with respect to which the catch is "working" experience and statistics. Methods of fishing tackle and bait for hunting these fish are not much different.
Location and time
The optimal place for salmon fishing in the sea from the shore spinning - areas falling into the sea rivers and streams. It is here that the salmon go to spawn, to the same spawning smelt rise and other migratory fish are going to the principal amount of stingrays fry and fresh water rivers contributes to the maximum development of the flora and fauna of the coastal zone of the sea. The maximum concentration of salmon in the fall, winter and spring there is in these places.
It is also important when choosing a place of fishing to take into account the structure and topography of the seabed. Preferably the presence of the bottom of the stone deposits and large boulders as salmon sandy beaches rarely visited. However, many coastal sea areas completely devoid of stones, but the fish there (albeit in smaller quantities) is present. The best time for catching Baltic salmon - the end of December - mid-May, the fish salmon peak in January, and trout - in March - April. Traced as a number of separate bursts of activity these fish associated with the approach to the shore shoals of smelt and herring.
Salmon biting stops almost completely by the middle of May, when the coast is suitable for spawning garfish, occupying the entire coast and forcing salmon at depth. Spawning garfish lasts for almost a month, so the salmon fishing until the middle of June, you can forget. Anyway summer salmon caught is very important. And the season starts only in the beginning of January, when the salmon spawn, slipping back from the rivers into the sea and begins to feed intensively, restoring forces.
To say that the salmon is best takes dawns, not quite right. Not just once or twice it happened that the great fish bite in the afternoon, and did not take it later. In winter start fishing better with lunch and continue until sunset. The thawing and warming up with water and you can grab the morning. If during the day the fish shows no activity, it is worth to wait for nightfall, often salmon coming to the shore in near darkness when he cannot see where the dropped spoon.
While fishing in calm or when a wave of approximately the same. In slightly more than a wave of bites during the day and in calm salmon takes great late at night. Of great importance is the transparency of the water, if it is unclear, even in complete calm biting can be a very decent all day. Salmon do not bite during the storm and immediately after it, when the water is too turbid. It is necessary to keep the water in the sea, and brightened somewhat in flux, it can sometimes take several days.
The bright sun has a negative impact on the biting, and in these days is better to start fishing in the evening. Typically, in clear weather only accompanies salmon trolling and rarely dares to grasp, but as soon as the sun comes over the horizon begins to peck safely. If the weather is cloudy or rain comes, then you can catch all day, I often succeed it in the rain.
Having defined the place of fishing, it is necessary once again looks closely at the water. The fact that the sea area 500 m water is very different in transparency, so it is best to go back to where it cleaner. The same can be said about waves: their strength depends on the differential depth and wise to choose a quiet plot.
If the place of deep, begin to catch from the shore if small - try to go into the water as far as possible, but no deeper than the waist; on rocky areas, you can use a large stone and stand on it. Fished area is necessary not only to themselves but also the side portions. If the bites are no long, change the place, but do not do it too often. It makes sense to periodically return to the old place, as the fish can come back at any time.
One of the most important moments in the "sea spinning" - equipment. The sea does not like jokes, so you need to pick your equipment very carefully and seriously. Fishing is accounted in the icy water, going to the sea to the waist and deeper, so the cold safety and security are paramount. Without wading into the sea suit will not do. The best option - neoprene 5-7 mm thick, in which you will be able to stand in the sea a few hours and do not freeze. It is advisable to choose a costume with felt soles; felt almost does not slide on the rocks, which is very important for stability.
On some models in the heel inserted spikes. Next essential thing - a waterproof jacket with a hood. Even if you are standing in the sea on the knee, wave and splashes of water can sweep over your head, so do not without a jacket. The jacket should be pale colors (from salmon - excellent eyesight, so bright clothes scares him from a distance) and have at least one large outside pocket for the box with lures and other details required spinning. Preferred pocket with drainage holes, to have fallen into the water could pour out freely; In addition, it must be securely closed, because if it accidentally falls (which often occurs in the sea) had fallen out of his pocket to find and collect things will be very problematic.
Be sure to carry a spare set of clothes, because the water drop quite often occurs. And if you get wet, you need to change in order to avoid trouble. Do not interfere in the sea, and polarized glasses, but be sure to Complement its cord or you will quickly drown them. In cold weather gloves, take care of the best neoprene, because if you freeze your hands, you will begin to feel cold you are. Oh and one more thing that will help you keep warm in the cold sea, - a thermos. Sip hot tea from it never hurts.
Without reliable not do: take the hands of salmon at sea is almost impossible. The classical form of landing net for sea fishing - a "tennis racket". Requirements for landing net following:
- The frame and arm should be strong and not cave. Typically, they are made of wood or aluminum tube.
- The diameter of the hoop should be about 70-80 cm. Start the salmon in a small landing net is very difficult, especially if the fish are large.
- Arm length -. Not more than 20-30 cm landing net with a longer handle operated with one hand in the water difficult. Desirably, the handle is covered with rubber, so it will lie firmly in the hand not rotate and slide.
- To handle must be attached loop of durable rubber band. Slipping into her head and one arm, can be moved back for landing net. In this position, he does not interfere with fishing. Well, if the gum has a special clip which is fastened to the jacket, which is also very convenient.
- The best material for the grid landing net -thick wood. She barely sails in the water; landing net work so much easier and faster (besides, it does not get tangled hooks), and less frightened fish nets from fishing line, rather than from nylon or other material. Mesh bag should be roomy, cell diameter - about 3-4 cm.
In the marine fishing casting distance for nearly everything. If you can throw a lure rod weighing 25 g at a distance of 50-60 meters, then it is fine. Many manufacturers produce long-rods, specially designed for sea salmon fishing in the surf wave. For the most part this threefold model length 3.2-3.6 m semi-parabolic system. In my opinion, most of them rather too heavy: Floor of a few hours, you get tired.
If this series to choose from, it is best to pay attention to the lighter models. The specific choice - a matter of personal taste, but it is possible to advise any universal model throwing admitting power casts. Classic rod for salmon fishing at sea should have a length of 3-3.4 m, the upper test up to 40-50 grams, length (two-handed) grip, the middle order, crossing the ring of large diameter.
By the coil selection must be approached more seriously. The fact that salt water is able to "kill" the coil, which is rusting parts in just one fishing trip. Therefore, you need to choose a model with a marine bias. I prefer inertialess reel, a less troublesome and more convenient option. Marine coils are not cheap, but then it is better not to save. Sea fishing originally means quality in every detail as the equipment and gear.
When choosing a reel special attention to the quality of the fishing line lying, since the power casts any unevenness in stacking leads to the formation of "beard", which is virtually impossible to unravel, as a result - "shooting" bait and spoiled the mood. Reel spool must accommodate 200 m fishing line 0.25 mm in diameter. Fill the spool is completely impossible when using monofilament is better to leave a side of 3-4 mm, otherwise hinge dumping inevitable. After each fishing reel should be cleaned, as the sea salt deposited on its details and mechanisms.
Which is better: monofilament or braided fishing line? In almost all other types of fishing, I use braided and at sea in recent years apply only monofilament. The only advantage of "braids" - a more reliable and controlled sweeps in the distance, and even, perhaps, a smaller loss of baits hooked. But more minuses. It:
- Increased percentage of retirement’s fish when playing, especially in its final stage. On a short stretch, "Braids", when the rod can no longer soften the jerks fish, large salmon hooks or easily extends the tears lips, even let go of the clutch coil does not help;
- Braided fishing line casting distance is less; besides arc decent crosswind, especially if the network is flat, is provided;
- Biggest drawback braided fishing line - the inability to unravel the "beard". Whatever may be the high quality coil and the loop is still a no-no and even flies. The reason for this phenomenon - a wave, which, due to the rollback and roll forward constantly changing the tension of fishing line, which creates its uneven in strength in the bobbin winding, and as a result there is a periodic reset loops. When casting force "beards" on braided fishing line tightened into knots. With mono everything easier, "beard" on it just bite and tied lure quietly continue to catch. If the spool is wound monofilament 150-200 m, the loss of 10-20 m is not critical, but the loss of the same amount of "braids" - this is a nuisance;
- Salmon fishing line often tears, frayed her stones, and here "network" loses. It is always easy to get rid of a piece of monofilament, her very clearly visible all the rough edges left by the stones. On wet "wicker" notice them much harder, so it can take at any time, break into old resections;
- Minus the last "Braids" - its visibility in the water. I am not sure that it can frighten salmon, but still discounted this fact is not necessary.
If you do decide to use a braided fishing line, choose a circular cross section and a dense weave, 0.13-0.15 mm in diameter. Color does not matter much, but I like flue, with him not to strain your eyes, the last 2 meters can be dark tint marker: so it is less noticeable in the water. Buy "platting" better in a large unwinding, as standard, taking into account breaks for long enough.
For mono optimum diameter 0.25 mm, and I caught a 0.2 mm, but the result is much worse (as it is more prone to fine fishing line twisting), and force a throw does not work with it - often there is a "shooting" baits. Buy mono also better in high unwind - take just 1000 m and change it often. Color is also not very important, but from a completely colorless should be abandoned: they fade quickly in sea water and lose their quality.
The basis of salmon lures for sea fishing from the shore up wavering spinners counterparts. Other lures in this kind of fishing did not justify themselves. The correct choice of spinners (shape, weight, color, game) - one of the key moments in salmon fishing. Rod, reel, fishing line, equipment, etc. - Only the tools for proper feeding baits. Salmon - very capricious, please him at times very difficult. Even at the peak of activity is very clearly traced his preference for a certain type and color lures.
The optimum size of spinner: length - 6,5-9 cm, width - 1.5-2.5 cm, thickness - not fundamental, since the spinners may be made of different materials and even have a bulk form. It is on these baits most bites occur salmon. The heavier lure one size range, the further it is possible to throw.
But when choosing bait weight should be a reasonable limit. The fact that the water depth in the radius of casting is usually not more than 2-2.5 m, so spinners mass should be between 15-30 g, the middle range of the weight is the "working". Too heavy spinners require very fast wiring, otherwise they simply will "plow" the bottom, to the same accelerated wiring often brings bait in "spin", which in our case should be excluded.
Too light spinner is also not suited for short-range casting, increased sail fishing line, a malfunction in the wake, and even throwing baits on the surface of a strong side wind. There are several basic forms of salmon spinners which are fundamentally different from each other and form a game. The most catching capacity and the most common among the spinners are so-called "classical" type.
This medium-sized lures, narrowed in the bow, with a slight S-shaped bend of the hook and off-center of gravity. They are fairly easy to move and moderately to scour the game for posting. Such spinners produced quite a lot, but only a small number of them can be fully Part suitable for sea fishing.
Compared with other spinners, they have the highest correlation coefficient in the mass resolution. Apply them infrequently, mostly when the wind is strong, when you need to break the bait counter or side air flow, while achieving maximum casting distance and minimal sail fishing line. Most baits are made of soft metal; of bending (and hence the game) can easily be changed by hand. If you post these spinners almost do not deviate from the central axis, they are not likely to have a corkscrew and a very stable, consisting of small and frequent fluctuations game.
Third and quite specific type of lures, which recently have become used more often - a voluminous and slowly sinking modeli. The main advantage - the ability to produce a slow wiring in small places among large rocks and seaweed. Apply them, usually calm or with a little wave when you can visually monitor traffic spinners next to the underwater obstacles.
Their ability to hover in the water column, moving at the same time adrift, mimicking wounded and demolished surf fishes, sometimes allows achieving better results than with other types of lures. In the construction of most of them used plastic, so their mass is small, which makes it possible not to make long casts, but their main task - near zones.
When fishing for salmon color of the bait it is of great importance. Replacing silver baubles on gold can dramatically affect fishing results. There is an opinion that the coloring of salmon lures should be bright and challenging. Other spinning believe that the bright colors are appropriate only in cold water, and with it warming more catch ability become natural. A third view is the opposite of the second. However, they are sometimes far removed from actual practice. I'll tell you about the color on the spinner, I and my friends catch salmon in a particular time of the year, under different weather conditions and at different times of the day.
His first salmon I caught on Bles-8. Well golden color with green back. It was in the beginning of January, at air temperature + 2 ° C. On the same day another fisherman who was fishing next to me, also caught a salmon of 4.5 kg, it was the lure of the same color as mine, but only with a red back. Arriving to the sea in just a couple of days (such as weather), I saw standing in the water four spinning’s, and as he walked along the shore, two of them managed to catch a fish.
Both were silver baubles with a red pattern. I also put lure similar colors, but for three hours did not see any bite. Of course, all this time I periodically changed spinners, put them in different colors, but the result was zero. When I got out on the beach to warm up with hot tea, my place immediately took another angler and the second casting caught salmon! I almost choked on his tea is not. But that is not all. In order not to give me my "rightful" place it directly into the water, the fish slipped in the attached belt canvas bag, and within five minutes of the second hooked a salmon, but he came down.
His lure sees from the shore I could not only saw something silver. Going into the water about 20 meters from him, I played an old trick, threw as if by chance his fishing line and her, picked up, pulled his lure to themselves, to unravel, and actually see what he catches. It was the usual silver baubles for 30 rubles with a small red sticker apex, that is almost similar in color and form to that which I had previously unsuccessfully three o'clock whipped water. For the next two hours, he caught another medium-sized salmon and saw a couple of empty output.
I, too, if caught, though not on the silver with red, since pulled all hooked on their stock, and an old golden with green back. In the evening, gathered near the car, we discussed the last fishing day, and came to the conclusion that silver spinners worked today is much better than the other colors, and it was traced in almost all. However, I caught his salmon on a golden spoon and with the conclusions of the rest was not quite agree. Value must take into account the large concentration of fish at specific points in time and its approach to the shore, and not to rely solely on the color of a spinner.
In the future, keeping track of all your trips for salmon at different times (January to May), I almost with the same constancy fished as bright, and on a purely silver or nickel plated spinner. And it happened that the pasted strip of flex or colored enamel flew from impact of stones, but it did not disturb salmon, and he continued to be caught on spinners "pure" colors. Recently, I do not use flex and easy paint spinner (it is more resistant to the impact of stones than enamel, which many branded spinner covered) or a water-resistant marker, which is much more convenient, since you can change the color of baits just fishing.
The basis of all salmon spinners now make pure silver or gold coating, some of them with the addition of red, green or black. The most versatile, I think pure silver color, without any coloring, since, unlike the other colors, it "works" almost always. Of course, there were times when I had to fish a spinner that color does not bite, but at the same time my friends caught them quite successfully. Rather, I just did not get the fish under his nose in such situations the best solution is not a substitute color spinners, and change places.
Sometimes it is enough to move to what some 200-300 m away, the situation radically changed. The problem with spinners color there is always a sunny day, especially if at that time the sea calms. Under such conditions, the salmon are biting at all bad, and choose trolling, which have to taste it often fails. In such situations, sometimes helps sighting throw under large rocks, waves washed out holes around them, like salmon and stop there. Color spinners better to choose low-key, a natural fish, ideal if the reverse side is colored spinners too.