Sea Fishing and Principles Catching Saltwater Fish

Sea fishing and fishing principles

That can be compared with sea fishing? Nothing. You seized by a feeling as if "the whole world in your pocket." You never know for sure that the other end of the line, or how big the fish. I could never understand what attracts more and more anglers: the opportunity to catch it - something huge or enormous amount of everything that can be caught, or maybe just that accompanies the process of fishing itself: warm sunny days, the fresh, invigorating air, good, understand the comrades or just escape from the most?

Sea Fishing extends from the Arctic cold days, with ice in crossing rings, cod and seethe under the keel and warm clothes to nice bright sunny days near the coast, in company with mackerel, flounder and other heat-loving fish. Sea fishing - this uncompromising fight with a huge fish, a record catch of tuna, sharks and marlin. It - also with a reef fishing, bank or shore, where everything, everything - from the sea to the pike eel or some unknown fish can attack the bait.

And more fierce attacks in remote latitudes of the Caribbean islands, where tarpon wring the full extent in the bombing of the shallow water. Sea fishing is a passion, as well as all other types of fishing. Anyone who has been there and wants to pass the test of salt, seagulls and fish in the first place should be well equipped. All the variety of fish and areas of its distribution involve a variety of methods and conditions for its fishing, but the basic methods and techniques remain the same. In what part of the world you would not be fished, the basic fishing tackle remains practically the same.

Sea rod

In fact, sea fishing tackle can be divided into three categories: mild, moderate and severe. Modern sea rods are usually classified according to weight specifications numbers 6,12, 20,30, 50, 80 or 130 pounds, which corresponds to 3, 6,10,15, 24,37, or 60 kilograms. This classification is based on the power of the rod. These classes represent the effort of fishing line, which corresponds to a given rod. 15 - Kilogram sea rod should be used with fishing line with a force of 15 kilograms of the gap. This classification corresponds to the system, which IGFA (IGFA) was for registration of the registration records of fish caught on a variety of fishing line to break by force from 1 kg to 60 kg.

Marine rod made from fiberglass or graphite or a combination of these two materials (also known as a composite). The most commonly used material is fiberglass. The ideal length of 170 - 240 centimeters. When fishing in the upright position in the boat, the better to fight with a big fish, it is better to use a stand-up rod. Fishing on a jig or CIDP, as a rule, it requires a strong rod, not too long, especially when angling in deeper water: fishing with bait near the bottom requires a longer and softer form. Rods come in different order: slow, medium and fast. Most people prefer the rod with slow systems for light sea fishing, because they are easier to manage and fight the fish.

Sea rod consists of several parts: lock, handle, reel holder, front handle, forms and guides (crossing) rings. Some coupling rods are in the middle section, while others are connected to the handle.

Marine coil

There are two basic types of coils: inertia less spool and multiplier reel with a star, or a lever. Without inertia reel is used to light the sea bottom fishing, fishing, spinning and trolling medium-sized species of fish. Weaknesses of its design, it is the presence of several transmission axles and small capacity of large-diameter fishing line. Multiplier reel brake has a construction like "star" like a coil Pern Senator, or a lever, as in coil Pernn International. The main difference is that brake type "Star" is composed of several brake disks are pressed against each other when the clutch is activated, in contrast to the lever, where it functions like one big disk, transmitting all the braking force.

Lever design has a disc brake coil is much larger than the drive "stars", and therefore more durable. It is more expensive to replace, but it is much longer and transmits the braking more smoothly and gently. Clutch lever is activated like the clutch with a pen that is both traction and compression, while the coil with the star has a separate drive for the connection or disunion of the coil bobbin.

Tackle is usually classified for sea fishing from excess light (class 6 pounds, or 2.7 kilograms) to severe (grade 130 pounds, or 59 kilograms). On the left is a light tackle class 20, in the center of a very light grade 12, both with the multiplier reel with a star. Right middle class ease with the gear lever 50 reel.

Which coil type you choose depends on the type of fishing and the type of fish, which are going to hunt? Trolling reel is only lever type. Bottom and angling with jig or Pirkei made with both types, but preferably with coil bobbin which is made of synthetic materials instead of metal, making the whole construction more difficult.

Small sea coils can be equipped with for a better and easy placement of line on the spool. Marine coils are classified into classes from 1/0 to 16/0 and specifications, 12,20, 30, 50,80 or 130 pounds (5.5; 9.1; 13.7; 22.8; 36.6 or 5.9 kilograms), which correspond to the classes. 22.8 - pound fishing line can be used on the 13.7 - pound coil. In normal sea fishing for small fish most anglers using gear in the class 6 - 30 pounds, or 2.7 - 13.7 kilograms, and if necessary - 50 pounds or 22.8 kilograms. Best coil size for easy bottom angling when fishing with jigs and Piercy - from 1/0 to 4/0. Coils have different gear ratios - 1: 2.5 (normal) to 1: 3.8 (high speed). Having a coil with a high gear ratio, to fight with the fish harder.

Cords and lines

Lines of nylon began to be used by sea anglers after the Second World War. Before the war, widely used fishing line of vegetable origin, but the fishing line nylon drove them. Nowadays, the most common fishing line nylon vein and synthetic weaving, cords and cord.

Especially popular is nylon monofilament monofilament, due to its low cost and large enough strength. It does not bend and has high tear resistance. The disadvantages of nylon fishing line belongs and that it is easily damaged, and its high flexibility in conjunction with linear stretch of 20-30%. Furthermore, it also loses some of strength when stored in water, and on the nodes. Besides its tensile strength decreases by exposure to strong sunlight.

Nylon fishing line is transparent, colored or fluorescent. The latter type gives us excellent control of line with the trolling. Some fishing line certified by the guaranteed tensile strength which is marked on the package or spool of fishing line, for example, 20, 50 or 80 pounds or 4.5; 11.0; or 16.9 kilograms. These fishing line used in angling competitions. The cost of these woods is usually a little higher than non-certified.

Woven Dacron fishing line like a hollow tube. It is not stretched by more than 10% without losing resistance to tear at high humidity and much more strong nodes than monofilament nylon thread. It has virtually the same diameter as the nylon vein, because when it is spun, the air inside is under pressure.

Cords are divided into cord with lead core, solid or stranded, having 7 or 49 veins, and presence or absence of the nylon coating.

When fishing in the sea, cords, fishing line and other gear must be attached and connected simply and efficiently. The general rule: the number of nodes should be no more than is absolutely necessary.

Single-core cable is used as a scaffold for the stationary spinning or deep-sea fishing in strong currents. It has a high net weight, good resistance to flow and the lack of linear extension. The disadvantages include the difficulty of its proper reeling spool, and are easy enough to open the case of the formation of the loop (tighten). This cord is only for experts. Stranded cable is mostly used for fishing with downrigger. Cord with lead cores made of solid lead veins placed in a wicker cover. It is used for deep trolling.


Good casting - one of the most important methods of coastal angling. If you do not know how to throw away, can quite often there is a situation where you will not be able to catch fish. It is said that 10% of the fishermen catch 90% of the fish. This is also true for coastal angling, and often the ability to long casts the deciding factor.

The average angler throws no further than 70 meters. At the same time, with modern gear for fly fishing in the shallows, casting in the 140 meters and more easily and do not require any specific talents and, of course, no - the exceptional power qualities. Record the distance in the tournament has thrown 150 gram weights come close to the mark of 270 meters, so you can see what can be done with modern rod and reel! Compared with this, throw the bait at a distance of between 90 and 110 meters now it seems very easy to achieve the purpose. And so it is that many of the newcomers have learned to throw much further six weeks.

Why do we charge 90 - 110 meters, as the target distance? Statistics catches, collected all over the world for many years, we strongly indicates that there is a connection between this particular area of ​​the seabed and the highest number of catches. Why is this happening - the question is open for discussion. But no matter, the reasons why this could happen, 90 - 110 meters is the distance at which you are likely to find in most cases, a good bite.

The basic technique of casting

The principles of good casting following. Rod is also a lever, and a spring. It is vitally important to understand that no rod is not able to perform both of these tasks simultaneously. While the form is not bent to almost its physical limits, it acts as an elastic shock absorber, and is unable to efficiently transfer energy to your muscles sinker. Only when the rod is bent to such an extent that the fibers in the form locked full strength, it becomes an effective lever.

Only in this case the rod will transfer maximum power sinker, and create the desired acceleration. All good art casting, including the South African and pendulum casting, based on the same principle: first, to "lock" the fiber rod blank and then enter into full force of muscle work which is transmitted immediately and fully sinker and terminal tackle. The importance of this system with two stages cannot be overstated, because it is the one and only one way that you can make long casts.

Take your reflux in the meadow or on the beach in the quiet time of the year. Avoid mixing pelting training with fishing, because to begin with you need to focus on working out the proper technique. Trying to simultaneously fish distracting.

Set up your rod and reel, tie stroke 1,8 - 2,2 kg Nylon undergrowth and attach a sinker. There is no point or need to use the mounting hook. Undergrowth should be long enough to at least hold on the spool six full turns of the coil. Its length is approximately 120 - 180 cm good foundation to start, but be prepared to extend it if your fly casting consistently low and to the left.

The legs must be placed at a convenient for you wide and at an angle to each other. Prepare to have thrown a coil and check that the undergrowth was not wrapped around the ring at the apex. Pull back (away from the throw-direction) and place the sinker on the ground on all available from the rod tip length. Apex itself should be no more than 15 from the ground. Make sure that your left elbow at shoulder level or slightly higher, while the right hand is stretched out comfortably away from your body. Now look at the sky in the direction in which you intend to send a sinker.

Carefully concentrate your attention on the imaginary target in the sky and lift the rod of his right hand in exactly the same manner as if you're throwing a spear or stone. Needless rod must turn around an axis as if it is an arrow hours, i.e. move in a single plane, rather than along an arc. Your left hand will automatically and naturally extend away from your body and move it up slightly. As soon as the right hand pulls the rod up, start moving your body weight on the right foot to the left foot.

The result of this action is to - first, such stress rod form fibers that they begin to be locked. In other words, the rod starts to bend due to the inertia of the weights. And, - secondly, it introduces a weight of your body so that it helps in the process of bending the rod.

When this is done, you will naturally reach a position where your right hand bent as if ready to strike a blow with his fist, and the left extended and rotated, and therefore able to pull down the lower part of the handle of your rod. Despite the fact that the movement that happened, it seems short and powerful, it creates enough tension rods to convert into an effective lever for the casting.

So, now the conditions have been created in order to begin to break up the sinker to the maximum speed. This is achieved very simply: pull down with your left hand while your right hand shoots up and forward. Of course, this stage should be a smooth cast, unbreakable continuation of the previous step. In no case did not slow down and do not pause between the two phases.

It is clear that the combined effect of the thrust rod springs and shock, as in any traditional style cast. But because the form has been prestressed, the strength of your muscles is used much more efficiently, and as a result, sinker flies higher, faster and so much more. At some point you need to release the line? Do not think about it: it is a natural reaction, which requires no conscious thought, despite the fact that most novice anglers this is very concerned. In reality, an attempt to consciously control this point leads to the fact that the whole process is disrupted. Let go fishing line until the sinker hits the ground, and then, in the case of the multiplier, make sure that the braked spool before led to the release of excess fishing line.

South African cast

Despite huge improvements rods and coils casting style developed in South Africa, at least 30 years ago, it is still able to compete with more modern methods of pendulum type. South African cast is not that other, as an improved version of the sequence of exercises that you has already learned. Its power is derived from virtually identical preload. In practice, the only mechanical difference - that a South African fisherman shakes his rod at a much greater arc and at the same time reaches its maximum speed and power at the expense of the leg muscles, back and shoulder.

In the foreground in the illustration shows the advanced powerful when it is running, you should gradually move to the previously described position. The task - to use as much of the body of power and acceleration in an arc as possible, because in this style and the rod and the body of fisherman working at maximum efficiency. However, never try to extend to the point where you feel uncomfortable and unbalanced.

An arc of 270 degrees is large enough to make known to throw further 180 meters. Note that because the arc of the rod is increased, and the length from the top to the weights should be more. The angle between the rod tip and the undergrowth is also regulated so as to maintain a smooth start for Georgia and create a pretty high preload pressure in the beginning of the casting

Traditional rod for sea fishing from the shore is quite well suited to this style, but lacks length to get the maximum distance, when the arc through which the rod moves, close to 270 degrees. These rods a South African-style tends to increase the length, at least up to 3.9 meters (4.0 meters - Recommended average length for casting and angling); equipped with a fairly fast apex, strong arm medium fast and the central part of the form.

The coil is mounted about 23 inches from the end and is controlled with the left hand angler. Using a coil in a position at first seems quite awkward, but this drawback, of course, reimburses more long casts, less pressure on the spool, much greater control and increase the capacity of casting. The most popular are the multiplier reel. As for the type best for all kinds of casting with a fixed spool.

Pendulum casting

Contemporary in concept, great-looking style of casting, which, besides holding, currently almost all records in tournaments pendulum. Like the South African abandoned, it contains the same principles that we have used in the basic exercises. In its classic form, the pendulum no more than a modification of the location. Instead of putting you plummet to the ground to swing it like a pendulum, preparing to enter the starting position in the airspace. The relative angles of sinkers, rods, bushes and fishing body are combined in such a position, which may cause higher inertia.

Creation of oscillation of the pendulum

Do not take the implementation of the pendulum casting until you have driven to automatism basic stretches.

Position the legs and the common position of the pendulum is the same as for other casting styles. Before beginning a new casting, first set the length from the top to the sinkers at approximately 1.8 meters, it gives stable, relatively slow oscillations of a pendulum, which are easy to control and rhythm which is easy to catch. Start action with a forward lifting his right hand. Sinker swing from you about eye level. Now, without moving your right hand, push the bottom of the rod handle with his left hand.

The push will be transferred to the rod tip and then to the undergrowth, with the result that the sinker swing reversed arc of the pendulum, which will carry him past the rod, past your right shoulder and then where - in the area behind your right shoulder. Since the sinker is raised to its maximum height, underbrush loses some tension. It feels as if suddenly disappeared sinker.

In reality, at this point he permanently hovers in midair. And it is the signal to start the next phase of casting. You turn your head and look in the direction of the imaginary goal, as it did in the previous exercises. The right hand pulls the rod forward, then the arms and shoulders complete the movement conventional trailer - hammering.

Free-wheeling and multiplier reel is equally well suited to the pendulum has thrown, but the maximum result with the coil of the first type, you should choose a rod with a little more rigorous and flexible apex of the central part. To the contrary multiplier flexible tip is pretty fast and the middle part of creating maximum impact.

Technique of fishing in coastal waters

Considering the huge variety of coastlines around the world, types of treatment and species of fish, you could think that will be need thousands of different methods to cope with all of them? In fact, tackle and tactics are virtually identical. For example, rod, reel and tackle, originally developed for fly fishing of cod,

Ideal for catching perch.

The overall situation for the entire coastal fishing is as follows: it becomes much simpler and more predictable in the approach to the sport from the standpoint of science. It is easier to create a plan of hunting for fish, based on the type of coastline than on the species of fish. You can afford to do so, because the tactics developed for angling from a cliff into, say, Ireland, and works equally well in the West - India. Bait will be different as will be different species of fish and that they are taken, but fishing tactics will be almost the same. A similar situation is around the coastal areas of the surf, steep rocky slopes, beaches, covered with stones and pebbles, estuaries and harbors.

Shore surf zone

Typical shore surf zone is a wide strip of sand, washed by the sea and prevailing winds blown. In many parts of the world rise and fall of the water level at high tide usually covers the portion up to a kilometer. Edible organisms such as sand eel or crab, or move back and forth with the tide, or buried in the wet sand at low tide. Flounder, Dab and remove thrive under several inches of water, and therefore, ideally suited for life in the surf.

Marine predators demanding environmental conditions. They are quite deep way of life, but for its weight and power rather careful and if you do not fall into, do not get into casting range limits so regularly and as predictable as their prey. Lifestyle redfish shows what happens with most other species, regardless of where they live in the world's oceans.

Happy perch extremely cautious on the calm, clear waters. In the absence of wind, which could raise the waves on the sea surface or bottom irregularities, which would create undercurrents, he keeps far beyond casting range and, anyway, is not inclined to feed. Fished the surf zone in a calm summer day - it means to suffer a full, guaranteed failure.

At night, the same coastal zone may abound in fish, even if the water is still very quiet and clean. Fish less care and probably will in the casting area, but they will still be far enough away from the water's edge. There is just manifested the ability to throw the bait 100 meters. Sometimes, it's the only way to get a bite.

However, the best time for fly fishing when the wind, uneven floor and low lighting are mixed together to create a picture full of waves and underwater currents sets dim lighting. Now large predators in the hunt for small fish and other marine life, washed out of the sand wave and disoriented quickly circulating water, taking raid to the edge of the waves, and, of course, fall within the area of ​​our casting. Casting 70 meters long enough to drop your bait to predators feeding zone.


Terraces represent an intermediate type between the flat shore surf and steep cliffs, vertical drop into deep water. Tactics of fishing and fish species also, to some extent, reflect the half-way stage.

The steeper angle of bank, the closer is the horizontal upper and lower level of the tide. The result, of course, is that the area is deep enough water is always available, even if you cannot throw a very long distance. As for the fish, then there is a definite increase in confidence caused by the presence of a large volume of water, which can be hunted and at risk to disappear. Place both parts of this equation together and you can see that the terraces are well regardless of the ebb-tide cycle and not be influenced by the calm waters and bright sunshine, usually bring a good catch.

In addition to the flounder, and other species of small fish, terraces - a natural area for the existence of permanent residents as stingrays and fish - dog. They also attract migratory fish such as cod and perch. Indeed, almost all the species of fish tested during the season. Thus, a variety of fish gives equally good opportunities for fishing mixed and specialization for one species.

Classic fish off the coast of the North Atlantic and the North Sea is cod Gadus morhua. Standing to her hunt for the vast army of anglers in the UK and Europe, it is the only species of coastal fish. For most anglers the best sports fishing continues throughout the autumn and winter months, when migrating flocks of cod are moving from the far north, but in the northern regions of Scotland and Scandinavia, cod is present all year round.

Far casting is often necessary for a good catch when you fish in the calm, clear weather. Of course, if the light is weak, and the water is cloudy, predatory fish will risk coming close to the shore in search of small fish, crabs and other prey, which leaves its shelter. In this case, the cast of about 70 meters in length may be sufficient to reach the fish. But the only kind of fish, which is very close to the shore, even in good weather, it's - different types of flounder that hunts, such as Lugworms and other worms that live in sea water. Other species of fish close to the shallow water, at best, under the cover of darkness or in high winds when the waves wash away food from the bottom. They can get to throw in the 30 - 50 meters.

Steep banks usually offer us the best fishing, as they have good and safe havens for fish, and plenty of free water to swim. Furthermore, this type of coast is relatively independent of seasons, weather and wind. Here you can find some great varieties of fish, from the bottom dwellers such as cod and flounder, and to mackerel and other marine swimmers. Since then the fish can swim closer to the shore, there is no need for long casts, such as on long shallows. The advantage of fishing can provide simultaneous fishing with two or three rods with baits at different distances from the shore.

Fishing from the rocks

When coastal fishermen talk about angling from rocks, they usually do throw off a cliff in very deep water that laps at the front of the rock wall right under their feet. The seabed here may well consist of a completely clean sand, although it is more likely that it will be a mixture of boulders, reefs, algae and small areas of pure sand or gravel.

The great advantage of fishing from a rock is that the underwater environment is within casting range is virtually unaffected by the tides. Even at low tide is more than 15 meters of water, which makes fishing much easier, even without you good casting technique? Trolling - excellent all-round method, but you can equally well use a floating tackle types running rigging, it is impossible to surf bands of - the shallow water.

The harbor and the mouth

The harbor and the mouth of interesting because you can often find a great variety of places for angling close enough to each other. On the wall of the harbor breakwater, for example, on one side there is deep water inhabited by dozens of species of fish, and on the other - a wide expanse of silt or sand, which attracts fish only in the flood season. Fast flow at the mouth of the estuary, where you can fish for bass and mackerel in the small bait fish, are replaced by lagoons and creeks. There you will find flocks of mullet and flounder, which are adapted to life in conditions of low salinity.

Of the many different types of coastal waters of the harbor and the mouth of the most strongly were influenced by man. Berths, stacks of logs and clearing channels the characteristics of any industrialized landscape. Modification of the natural human environment is not necessarily bad for the fish and wildlife in general. Food waste pollution of coastal waters, by the way, in general is appealing to many fish species. Some fish do depart from their normal diet, getting used to eat offal and other food waste from coastal processing plants. This factor plays an important role in the successful angling.

A good example is the way of life of the sea eel. In the natural, wild eel sensitive, cautious fish, which feeds exclusively fresh fish, squid and crabs? The ability to seduce him, the less fresh is very small. But in Havana, where the eels have registered permanent residence, their attention shifted to carrion and offal: low-quality fish and offal discarded by trawlers from boards, because it is much more convenient than hunting for live fish. They get used to the noise and human presence, losing a lot of its natural cunning. As a result, the majority of large eels caught in harbors and not on the rocky shores.

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