Bonefish, tarpon, pompano, barracuda and snook belong to those species of fish that appear in shallow waters with a strong tide. Shallow waters are rich in crabs, shrimps, shellfish and other livestock that make up the ration of predators. The water is crystal clear, the weather is hot - the ideal conditions for sea fishing in shallow water. Fish can often be seen in the form of a large black shadow or the moment when its fin appears from the water. It is a paradise for kayak fishermen, fishing enthusiasts for light tackle and fly fishing.
Imagine yourself slowly drifting in a boat in mangroves or in a shallow bay. When suddenly the shadow of 30-40 kg tarpon is shown 30 meters from the boat. You carefully swim closer to the fish. We are sure that there is no need to throw the crab close to it.
The crab will still sink to the bottom and fall into the field of view of the fish. You can throw the bait so precisely that it will fall a few centimeters from the head of tarpon. Suddenly the fish rushes to the bait. Her jaws open and close. You immediately feel resistance from the rod and fishing line.
The battle has begun. Perhaps it will last only a few seconds or half a minute. The fish beats, sweeping the fountains of water. Then begins a violent flight away, which cannot withstand any brakes. Hundreds of meters of fishing line are wound off the reel. Despite the powerful jumping, the fish is still able to move with great speed. Does not leave the fisherman any opportunity to control the tackle.
Nine out of ten fish regain their freedom. And you have only one chance to cope with the fish during these few minutes. Without a doubt, tarpon is the most desired prey for any marine fisherman on artificial and natural baits.
Season sea fishing in shallow waters
There is a fishing season for each type of fish. The water temperature, the state of the current and the phases of the moon are very important components for sea fishing. It is necessary to be in the right place at the right time. The right timing is more important than the best instructor.
Since the shoals extend along the coasts of North and South America, fishing continues throughout the year, with the exception of a few months. Spinning is used to catch several kinds of fish. As bait used mostly small wobblers. But, in most cases, the bait is a small crab, which is placed on a single hook. Small live shrimps are more effective.
Method of fishing in shallow water
The method of fishing in shallow water is to make a simple cast in the direction where the fish appears. Allow the bait to move to the bottom in its field of vision. Give the fish time to pick up and swallow the bait, then do the sweep. Fishing boats belong usually to local fishermen or instructors. They are real professionals in monitoring water and detecting fish. So you get into good hands.
Bait for sea fishing
The largest tarpon can be caught, drifting or standing at anchor, for a bait of crab or shrimp. On the Florida coast of the bay, slow trolling is effective. But this tactic cannot be compared with the search for fish in shallow water. With the further casting of baits to her with a marine rod, spinning or fly fishing. Nylon undergrowth should have a tensile force of about 10 to 20 kilograms. Hooks measuring 1/0 - 6/0 are the most versatile. Most fishermen in shallow water use the 4/0 hook.
A significant fish in coastal fishing is the Bonefish, or the "gray ghost of shallow water". This is one of the best sports fish that can meet a fisherman on sea fishing. Bonefish feeds on the vast tidal and shallow shallows. Off the coast of Florida and many islands of the Caribbean Sea. Usually coming there along with the tide. It is easy to see it in clean, shallow water, where it seems to expose itself to the show.
The largest amount of Bonefish was caught on a spinning rod with a live crab or other natural bait. The lure is thrown along the path of the feeding fish. Planting an Bonefish weighing more than 2.5 kilograms on an artificial lure, especially on a fly fishing rod, is an exciting process.
After cutting the Bonefish instantly rushes in a powerful snatch under the protection of deep water. If the fisherman coped with the first jerk, then further fighting with fish is not too difficult task. Bonefish is practically not suitable for food. Like the tarpon, it must be released after weighing.
Bonefish appears in the schools. Fish rarely weighs more than 4 - 5 kilograms. Its usual weight is about 1-2.5 kilograms. The best chance for fishing in shallow water gives a long cast. Therefore, a lead sinker is attached to the line. Pompano is no less common and strong fish. This fish prefers a rocky, rocky or coral-covered bottom of shallow water. It can be caught on a bait from live shrimp and crabs, sometimes, on a small jig.
The number of red croaker or sea bass also increases during the fishing season during a tide in shallow waters with warm water. In shallow waters, you can also meet barracuda and lemon shark. Barracuda fishing for spinning is made by narrow thin spoon-bait or special plastic tubular bait. This tube should have a length of about 20 - 30 centimeters. Barracuda is no less cautious than other types of fish. She, too, is careful of the fishermen and not the exact bait casting. Lemon shark is most often found on a live fish, sometimes on artificial baits.
Fly fishing in shallow waters
It is in the shallow waters of fishermen with fly fishing that you can always see. Tarpon twists the reel cord in seconds. Bonefish makes the sound of the coil similar to the sound of a drill operating at the highest number of revolutions in the dentist's office. Shoal is a true fishing paradise for fly fishing. Accuracy, skill and excellent fishing tackle, strong knots and reliable fasteners - this is something without which it will not be possible to obtain fish. Having a good instructor is useful, but not enough.
The most important qualities are readiness, alertness and attention. No casting should be done blindly. Otherwise, you risk never meeting the dozen worthy opponents that you would have to compete with. So cast must be absolutely accurate. Some record catches were made from a distance of only 5 to 10 meters. But the longer and more precise your cast, the higher the chances of success.
For fishing with fly fishing in sea water special conical cords are produced. An Bonefish weighing from 1 to 5 kilograms can be caught on a fly in a tackle class 6 to 9. Reel should have a cord capacity of about 200 meters and a adjustable brake. Preferred reel with lever-type brake: Marryat, Pflueger, Fin-Nor, Hardy Sunbeam or Scientific Anglers. I recommend the "Pflueger Medalist", which is one of the best in its price range. Designed specifically for this type of fly fishing.
Even more important is the combination of tackles for catching tarpon. In this kind of fishing you will try to hook the big fish. Therefore, you will need a short fast rod, designed specifically for tarpon fishing. Class 11 - 12 is the most common. This is a strong tackle, but you will hardly have to drop it many times a day. Tarpon of a smaller size, up to 10 kilograms can be taken for an easier tackle. The fly on the hook 4/0 is used for large fish, and on the hook 1/0 for small fish. The underbrush should have a tensile strength of about 10 to 15 kilograms.
Bonefish can be outsmarted and with smaller flies. Often, a size of 1/0 or less is sufficient. Pink imitation shrimp used to be very popular. Now, new knitting materials, such as "Fishair", have replaced the traditional flies models for the Bonefish. The best results are given by a fly with wings two times longer than the forehead. Play the fly with movements similar to those that make a shrimp.
Pompano rarely takes a fly, but does so without any warning. He is very cautious, sometimes it takes a few accurate casts. Barracuda takes large flies from colorful materials, such as "Fishair". Snook and spotted trout are always ready to attack the fly.
Throughout the eastern American coast there are shallow waters with mangroves, clean lagoons and tropical heat. Here you will find a variety of species of fish that can be caught on a fly - striped bass, luffar and flounder. The question is only whether you have enough perseverance and whether your tackle is good enough to tempt the fish.