To begin with, it would be nice to understand the classification of weapons that then was not painfully hurt for aimlessly spent money and long hours of unsuccessful hunting. Of course, it is possible, as is the case with spinning on the way to a universal choice. But the universal is always worse than the specialist in its place.
How to choose a good rod for fishing
First, it must be said that the constructive rods are divided into two types: simple and complex. Simple rods consist of a solid whip, and complex - from a few. Parts of the collapsible rod called tribes. Typically, they can be from two to five or more.
Classification of fishing rods
- One-piece rods. Whole whips rarely used to build the float rod. Whole structure have short rods are used, for example, in the construction of spinning. Their length rarely exceeds 1,5-2,0m. Most often it is a great strength of solid rods.
- "Telescope". This is the most popular among the fans kind of rod used for float fishing rod. The telescopic rod is easily carried and transported. Allows operation not possible with other designs. After removing the cap-limiter with "telescope" can be removed or replaced at any knee, which can be useful in case of breakage medium knees, it also allows you to shorten or extend the rod to your liking.
It is believed that the ratio between the total length and the knee joints should be 6: 1. When connecting and disconnecting the tribes should make efforts only along the axis of the rod. Turns in the joints are not allowed. Reassemble the top, pushing the first uppermost knee. Dismantling produce bottom by sliding down leg in the first following it.
- Plug rod. "Plug" - rod with plug connections. Plug rods are usually upscale rods facing respectively expensive. Used as spinning, fly fishing or purely sports forms. They have very high strength characteristics and retain parabolic action.
- Rods mixed tribes compound. Mixed structure means that the rod has a pin and telescopic joints. Usually it is the butt plug is connected manner, apex and 3-5 knees has a telescopic structure.
Currently produced rod in a range from 1.0m to 14,5m and sometimes more. Dimensions rods define its scope.
- Rods length of 1-2 m. Rods length of less than 1.5 m called mini rod. They are used to create winter gear, as well as for the construction of fishing rods on board.
- Rods 4-6 m. Rods of this length are the most popular among anglers. This is the maximum length of the float tackle, in which to work comfortably. In the distance it is still easy to cast the bait, and this distance is well visible float. Weight tackle this length is not too tiring for hands.
- Rods 11,0-14,5 m in length. They are used in sport fishing. They are difficult to handle. To use them, you need to learn how to quickly disassemble and assemble the rod at change bait. Dismantling produce, feeding rod ashore on special rollers.
Power rod is usually determined by the cast weight. In particular, power spinning rods evaluated largest weight baits which can be used together with this rod. This value is called reflux (casting). It is expressed in grams or pounds. According to this classification, all rods are divided into 6 classes:
- The easiest - casting weight 1-10g.
- Light - weight 10-20g casting.
- Average - casting weight 20-40g.
- Heavy - weight 40-80g casting.
- Particularly heavy - weight 80-150g casting. Such rods are used for sea spinning.
- Super heavy - casting weight above 150g. They are used by sea angling spinning fish the size of a tuna.
Classification of fishing rods for float fishing rod
Fans usually picking rod, guided by its own weight and length. Rods for float fishing rods can be divided into 3 classes:
- Lightweight, with a mass of up to 150 g and a length of not more than 2.5 meters, which fish for small fish - rudd, gudgeon, perch, roach, etc .;
- Medium, with its own weight up to 250g, up to 5m, designed to catch almost all the fish present in domestic waters;
- Heavy rod having a weight of more than 300g and a length of more than 6m. They are designed for large, strong and persistent production. These so-called carp fishing rods.
Selecting rod with the desired characteristics
Story rod. It is frequently used term is the time characteristic of the rod bending under load. If after removing the load rod takes the previous form in a split second - it is a very fast operation. When it is rectified for a longer period of time - this is a slower system. In the case where the whole curved whip its shape after the load is removed it will regenerate longer. Rods, which bend the entire switch, including the handle, called parabolic.
From the name itself it is clear that the system - this is how the rod "constructed", what material, what is its geometric shape and linear dimensions.
Decisive for the system are the physical properties of the material used - the specific weight, resistance to compression and stretching. Properly constructed rod if his tip is to hang the load, bend smoothly without fractures, starting from the handle, if available. Bending should be uniform over the entire length, and growing from the butt to the top, no sudden fractures and without direct, stiff areas.
General principles of the rod of choice. How to buy a fishing rod with a need to build, power and strength? In the store to find out exactly how it bending curve is close to the ideal, it is impossible. What you should pay attention in the first place? Today, store shelves filled with rods of many firms.
When purchasing a rod should pay attention to the dealer's credibility. Do not buy a rod at random people. If you buy the products of any company, try to find out about its reputation. There are manufacturers working in the industry for decades and centuries, and have impeccable credibility.
You should familiarize yourself with the words that are on the rod. Usually, there is indicated the length, class, weight throw, or test. Weight throw - is the maximum allowable weight of artificial bait with which you can work, if you use it to build a spinning rod or rods distance casting.
Very important is the dead weight of the rod. These data are usually not available on rods. They should learn from the accompanying product documentation.
High-quality rod, fitted with rings, usually bear a notice informing about the type of ring.
Check all labels, you need to:
- Inspect the rod; identify cracks, burrs, asymmetry and curvature.
- Taking the butt or handle of the rod first wave in the vertical and horizontal plane. The rod should be bent in all directions equally. Unacceptable squeaks and rattles. Gently wave your rod as if to throw the bait, and stop movement in a position parallel to the floor surface. If it is not stiffened in a horizontal position, and, bent and touched the floor - too much flexibility. For his first fishing rod it is not worth buying. Learn more convenient to own tackle with elastic rod fast action.
- Pay attention to place the rod bending, the point where it bends most. If only the flapping bent rod tip, it has a fast action. If you have to bend the greatest closer to the middle, the middle rod is damaged. If rod bending is distributed over the middle, to the hilt, this rod slows down.
Modern materials - fiberglass, carbon fiber and composites - constantly extend the capabilities of fishing gear. They allow you to create gear that combines the required length, elasticity, durability and low own weight. Until now, our countrymen can be found bamboo, and even a wooden rod. But the time it took the wooden rods, they are unable to compete with modern materials.
What are composite materials? These are materials that are used in various combinations (formulations), high-strength plastic and fiber materials. Rods made of fiberglass, carbon, boron fibers, high modulus and low modulus graphite and other materials.
Currently, you can purchase a rod almost any taste: from cheap fiberglass "telescopes" to high-end plug-in rods made from high modulus graphite. Fiberglass telescopic rods are stored in the arsenal of the amateur because of low prices and satisfactory strength. Their disadvantages - large (compared with graphite and composites) weight, vulnerability to sunlight, a limited service life.
Corner plastic rod (the material is specially treated graphite) must be marked «carbon». They have a high strength, lightweight, with a given degree of elasticity. High modulus graphite gives greater rigidity and low modulus - plasticity and flexibility. Coal plastic rod with proper operation is durable. But there are negative properties of CFRP.
Firstly, they are delicate and require very careful handling. Blow on the rocks, or click on a heavy lure rod can disable this not cheap gear. That will not happen if handled carefully and with your rod. Do not throw it at his feet. Before you move from one fishing spot to another, you need to disassemble the rod, even if the transition is to be at a slight distance. When moving the rods must be stored in a hard tube. Being released from the hook, you cannot drag the line rod.
Secondly, graphite is an excellent conductor of electricity, so the work with the rod in the vicinity of power lines and structures, as well as in stormy weather can be very dangerous. Typically, manufacturers have warned about this by posting a sign on the rod lightning. The rod during a thunderstorm can be quite dangerous object. Raised in a vertical position, it attracts electric charge, increasing the risk of being struck by lightning. If the rod is marked with a lightning bolt, it is better not to use it during a storm.
Rods for almost all types of gear are provided Passage rings. They are designed for a uniform distribution throughout the length of the rod loading. "Infinite" number of rings enables the use of the entire margin of safety when the rod is pulled the fish, since in this case the load is distributed more evenly throughout the length of the rods. Just crossing the ring is much easier to work with the tackle, avoid slack fishing line winding and sticking it on the rod. This is particularly important for the tackle, which assumes the use of long-distance casting. In this case, the movement of the fishing line when channelized rapid unwinding it from the reel absolutely necessary.
Placement and mounting rings crossing
Ring around the rod arranged in one line. In that case, if the rings are not located on the same line is increased when casting the fishing line rubbing on them. This affects the casting distance. In the derivation of fish mismatch circles rings violates force distribution along the rod, shaking his breakdown.
Fasten the ring at certain locations on the rod handle inclusive. Ring, attached to the rod tip is different from the others not only in size. It is different from other rings and the device is located at a certain angle to the rod axis, which is especially important in the construction of fishing tackle for large fish.
Since the production of this ring bears the main load, it is mounted so that the plane of the ring has been displaced relative to the rod axis by an angle of 50-70 °. Because of its shape terminal ring called the "tulip".
Materials for rings
Experiencing strong friction during the angling of the ring is made of the most durable materials. They are made of chrome-plated steel, porcelain, oxides of certain metals, alloys and high-strength composites. Superb quality has ceramic rings, in which the working liner made of porcelain, but their relatively large weight can significantly affect the operation of the rod.
The best are agate ring, the widespread use of which is constrained by its high price. It is most common ring made of silicon carbide. They have excellent performance characteristics: low friction coefficient, higher abrasion resistance, and light weight. They are marked with «SIC». A number of companies manufacture the rings labeled «Gold Germet». This high-quality ring, distinctive feature is their ability to not collapse under the most severe impacts.
Rings are different in size and character of attachment to the rod. Mounting rings to the rod is carried out by means of the rack-support. Structurally, the crossing of the ring is removable, folding, rolling, cutting, triangular, built-in rod.
Practical recommendations on the choice of the rod with rings.
During spring fishing in most cases it is advisable to use conventional flywheel telescopic rod or plug. Snap length with several less than the length of the rod. Otherwise, the rig will be operated with the uncomfortable. However, there are times when fishing on small rivers with overgrown banks when catching rod is not effective.
Just cannot throw a snap in the right place, which is, for example, may be at most the shore or under overhanging branches. One has to resort to the help of the rod rings with the capacity for fishing line. For spring catching relatively easy telescopic rod with rings, which are located at the ends of thin rods knees.
Usually our fishermen costing relatively simple and inexpensive rods length of 4-5 meters. Using a small inertia reel on which is stored supply of fishing line, snap-in can set sail for a distance much greater than the length of the rod. However, let snap in practice at a distance more than ten meters is not appropriate for several reasons.
Firstly, it is practically impossible to find such a long section of the swim without a sharp change in depth and "straightness" on a small river.
Secondly, with every meter swim sharply "wind age" snap. And in order to pull the float could snap on, it is necessary to increase the weight of the equipment, which, however, most of the fishermen and doing. However, the increase in weight tooling results in a sharp decrease in the number of successful strikes.
Actually, I should note that the fiberglass rod with rings, so beloved by our fishermen, is the personification of the most stupid in our time tackles. And throw on a decent distance snap with it is not real, and sensitivity to throw a very bad snaps, and managed to tackle this very uncomfortable. The only real use of this gear - use it as a "Donkey". My opinion - absolutely bereft tackle, but this is my personal opinion.
Similar rods used for many anglers fishing from a boat alloy method
Fishing method is based on the fact that the snap-in under the influence of the flow on the line and float slowly floated down the river and there is a long cable in the jet bait. Fishing is good and repeatedly described in the literature as a classic. Fishing takes place in summer and autumn. The length of the rods from 2.4 to 4 m.
Sitting in the boat, it is inconvenient to manage tackle on a long rod. To complete rod for fishing or rafting handy little light multiplier or quality coil (now very rare), or fast-response closed coil bobbin. Coils with open spool uncomfortable. Cutting is obtained with a long delay, and it is well known that within it must be instantaneous.
Much more interesting and more practical than the classic cheap telescopic rods with rings such as fishing rods, but equipped with rubber bushings at the ends of the knee. Subtle knee moves with interference in a sleeve, and a working length of the rod can easily be changed.
Changing the effective length can be produced also by plastic cones that are also located at the ends of the telescopic knees.
Recent construction Italians invented for trout fishing in the spring and summer
The fact that it was born in Italy and is widely practiced interesting catch trout with "air" float. At the end of the tooling is removable long, in the form of rods, sinker. Long, in order not to get stuck between the stones at the bottom. Higher weights on a leash are a hook with bait. Float-sensors are usually two. One black and one or orange or lemon yellow. Floats are ellipsoids of plastic the size of no more than a centimeter. It is located on the line, which is passed along the axis of the float, and while catching located above the water surface.
The floats are at a distance of about 5-15 cm apart. Fisher is constantly moving with the gear promising place, simply omitting the vertical snap to the selected point. Due to the fact that the catching point can be at any distance from the shore, lightweight carbon fiber rods are used between 6 to 12.5 m. rod lengths is easily changed to desire by the aforementioned sleeves or cones. These rods are manufactured with the latest technologies, equipped with very small and as light rings with inlays of silicon carbide or zirconium oxide or aluminum oxide.
In our conditions, these rods makes complete sense to use during the spring fishing on the small fast-flowing rivers, such as, for example, Desna, Sister, Dubna, Istra, Istra Small and many others. Very important is the question of the construction equipment. It can be one or the other, but have to bait lying on the bottom. The second important point is that you need to choose the shutter speed, time spent bait fishing at the selected point. This time may vary from seconds up to ten minutes. All depends on the water activity and transparency of the fish.
If the bite is not in the desired location, it makes sense to move the snap a few centimeters to the side. Often this is enough to cause a fish grip. In the spring, especially in the rain and snow, the fish become so inactive that you have to literally float downstream lure them into his mouth.
It should be noted that the long and light rod with rings has been successfully used during the catch process "Bologna", but that is "old" fishing.
One of the most versatile gears is the "farthest throw" or "match." Tackle is a rod length from 3.96 m to 4.5 m. longer rods is inconvenient for several reasons. Spring fishing often occurs in conditions when on the banks of many obstacles restricting fishing activities - bushes, trees. Increasing the length of the rod does not increase the casting distance. A longer rod, on the one hand, gives a snap greater speed due to greater leverage, and on the other hand, the long rod is more difficult to disperse. Long rod-caught fish are easier to manage at a distance from the shore, but in the time of the big fish in a net excess rod length is very great hindrance.
Rod is equipped with a light Passage rings. It is suitable ring with inserts made of ceramic, since use of braided line is dangerous - after hooking rod can be elementary to break. Rod is equipped with a fast-response coil sufficiently large number of fishing line. Large fishing distance requires that the reel speed was the speed of the fishing line take-up of at least 75 cm per one rotation of the handle. If there is a doubt in the choice of a smaller or slightly larger reel, I would have given more preference.
Brake type, front or rear, of no importance, as long as the brake adjustment was smooth. A coil wound on the bobbin diameter monofilament 0,16-0,25 mm, depending on the quality of the fishing line, the assumed value of the fish and fisherman from qualification. But, I remind once again, thick monofilament larger sails in the wind and waves. Float on a fishing line is attached to one attachment point, and in most cases not sliding and stationary.
In the spring the fish are very often not enough bait off the bottom, and in half-waters, so snap descent often is 1-1.5 m. Most suitable for spring fishing floats elongated forms, they are much better than flying long distances, even with headwind. Small slope determines the weight of the sinker only to snap, usually enough pellets are not heavier than half a gram, located in the 15-20 cm from the hook, and the second is the same pellet placed directly from the float. The most common floats with internal starting from 8 g to 20 g and during fishing with large distances, many anglers there is in many cases purely psychological problem with the supervision of the float.
From experience it is known that an antenna diameter greater than 6 mm are so large own buoyancy that tries to tip gently fish cannot move from the place of the float. Yield anglers are using antennas having large dimensions and minimum buoyancy. At the end of the snap hook attached, and in many cases replace the jig hook spring type "ant".
We must not forget that the use of wood as a nozzle ant prohibited by the rules of amateur fishing. Use as bait bloodworms makes no sense. Large fish bloodworms this time of year does not respect. It remains maggot, the larva of burdock moth for small roach and roach. During the hunt for large instances preferable to use the bark beetles, worms, larvae and dragonfly larvae of the May beetle. But the best bait is now possible to recognize the worm.
How to choose a Bolognese rod
Bolognese rod - telescopic rod is fitted with a coil holder, as a rule, a slide, and throughput rings.
Classical Bologna Fishing, judging by the title, appeared in Bologna, so it is the second name of "fishing bait on the Italian." At its core - it's a long casts fishing float in the current. Bologna float always has two attachment points, long keel, thickened antenna and barrel-shaped body. This form allows you to effectively float cast, monitor swim and see the float at a considerable distance. Plus, this float has high stability.
In most cases, they are used, so-called fixed floats, so the length of the rod should always be greater than the depth of the fishery. Management and control of the movement of the float more easily than a longer rod. In general, the choice of the length of the rod at the classic Bolognese fishing depends on the casting distance, depth of the fishery and the extent of the necessary management swim float.
Manufacturers produce Bolognese rods from four to nine meters. This small length of the rod (4th and 5th) may be used not only on broad rivers and shallow depths. As the width and depth of the reservoir or casting distance, effective catching is advisable to use longer model. At the leading European manufacturers Bolognese rod length models are generally 6-8m, since less than six - inefficient, and more than eight - not comfortable. This applies even to the most elite and expensive models.
Among Russian fishermen bologna rod or rod with rings - the most popular and used gear. Although, the majority of our fishing enthusiasts use it not for Bolognese fishing, rod performance criterion remains the same for any fishing method on the float (fishing in the wiring, Match fishing, and so on. D.).
The most important quality criterion is the weight of the rod with respect to its length, as well as the class used accessories. Moreover, if the coil holder, regardless of class rods has substantially the same construction, the choke rings used to equip rods can be of varying quality. In the first place, properly designed Bolognese rods, there should be a certain minimum quantity.
In whiplash knee two "floating" rings are in addition to the handling of a tulip.
In the second section of the whip after - one "floating" ring. Particular attention when choosing the Bologna rods should be placed on the rim of "floating" rings and their method of attachment to the rod blank.
At the right rod rings strapped to the length of the carbon tapered tube, the length of which provides a good fit and a clear fixation rings on the form. This is the most important thing you should pay attention, because in the process of catching must be continuous full alignment of all crossing rings.
Most models are equipped with Bolognese rods "floating" rings, fixing which takes place by means of a short plastic sleeve. Its length is small cannot provide a secure fixation of the ring.
In the process of fishing rod with such rings, the sleeve often rotated on letterhead, which can lead to breakage of line when casting. Quite often expensive Bolognese rods with excellent form and "floating" rings on plastic sleeves. It's like a fly in the ointment.
The following quality criteria - the height of the legs crossing rings. Rings on high legs prevent sticking to the form of line during the cast during wet weather. However, if you do not fish in the rain, then this fact is not critical for you. Incidentally, if the "floating" ring proper design, all the other high legs.
Since Bolognese rods can be used to catch a variety of techniques, the choice of the length of the rod to a large extent depends on this. For example, for catching the Match technique should be used no longer than 5m rod. For fishing rod Bolognese centrifugal technique is best used when there is a possibility of carp, carp or other strong fish. In this case, the choice depends on the length of the rod dislocations fish.
In any case, it must be remembered that correctly chosen gear - it is not only the key to success, but also to guarantee your comfort and pleasure fishing.
How to choose a carp rod
Determine carp rod among other very simple - it just stands out from the crowd with their long, powerful and unusual location of the handles. When the first carp rod fishing appeared on the shelves of stores, the buyers had many questions at once.
Carp fishing imposes mandatory requirements for the range of a rod. Since carp rarely coming to the shore and known fearful temper, tooling is often necessary to throw for 100 meters and more. Because all carp rods are distinguished by their great length - from 3,3 to 4,2m to easily make long casts. This feature of the rods and is reflected in its size when folded, which for him will be in most cases more than 2m. This should take into account when preparing for his transportation. Also remember that a sporting event there is a ban on the use of carp rods are longer than 4m.
It is best if the rod system will be faster or at least close to it. Also it has a value of rigging quality rings, and using fast-response spool successful long casts will be provided with a diameter of the first ring in the range 40-50mm.
Universal use carp rods in various bodies of water imply the possibility of throwing a snap with different weights. After all, for example, for fishing on the river need quick snap with more weight than in the same fishing on the pond or lake. If carp rod allows snap throw weight from 60 to 150g, it can be considered universal. However, there have their own specific features. The specified weight for carp rods, unlike spinning, does not mean to throw the weight of the bait.
Test characteristics of carp rods indicated in Lbs corresponds approximately 454g. It means the weight under the influence of which the tip of the rod will of the horizontal bent upright. For example, with the indicator rod 3,5Lbs bend 90 degrees under the influence of the weight applied to the tip at 1589g (3,5h454). Based on these figures, we can roughly determine the weight of the equipment as possible. For estimations can use the following values: carp rod with an indicator 3Lbs allow snap throw up to 120g, and with the test in 3 5Lbs - up to 150g.
To determine the weight of the sinker can be used with carp rod, we can proceed as follows: - position the rod horizontally and hang a tulip estimated sinker. Carp rod shall not deviate by more than down 20-25 degrees. If the angle is greater than the means, the rod will throw the weight, the critical load testing that allow extremely desirable. If this "test" is less than the angle, so few carp rod, and it will not be able to "shoot" a sinker with bait, which significantly affect the casting range.
By the way, there is a more accurate way of determining the optimal weights for a specific weight of the rod. Figures on capacity carp rods in pounds, equivalent to ounces. Added to the product even half an ounce. The result in grams and is the optimal weight of the load for the rod.
Another feature of carp rods is an unusual shape and location of handles. Generally, they are short and located sufficiently far away from each other, one of them is taken out from the spool holder far forward, and the second is at the butt. This location is associated with a special technique of casting tackle, where the main force is applied to the butt end of the rod and the front handle serves as a fulcrum about which the carp rod rotates during casting.
Casting is done because of the head. To achieve maximum range before casting shoulders should be deployed parallel to the shore, put his left leg slightly in front (for right-handers), arms fully straighten. At the time of casting his left hand pulls carp rod to him, pushing right away. At the same time the center of gravity shifted from the back foot to the front.
The distance between the arms plays an important role when choosing a carp rod, depending on the physical data angler. Experienced anglers are advised to select as follows: - place the left hand on the bottom of the handle (in the butt), right - from the coil holder (on the top) and raise carp rod above his head at arm's length. If the angle between the arms would be close to 45 degrees, it is suitable, if not, you throw the maximum they cannot do. On the carp rod test indicated in grams, then this test represents the weight of the feeder throws.
If carp rod test is listed in pounds (lbs), it is not a throw-weight of the load and the weight of the load suspended to the rod tip, deflecting the tip of the rod to 90gradusov. 1lbs = 454 grams. In this case, the trough weight is calculated at the rate of 1 ounce = 1lbs (28gramm) 0.5 oz. For example, our carp rod with 2,75lbs test (1248.5 grams), it is possible to hang the bird feeder weighing 91 grams (2.75 ounces 0.5 ounces).