Tackle for sea fishing can be divided into three categories: light, medium and heavy. Modern marine fishing rods are usually classified according to the weight specification numbers 6,12, 20,30, 50, 80 or 130 pounds, which corresponds to 3, 6,10,15, 24,37 or 60 kilograms. This classification comes from the power of the rod. These classes reflect the strength of the line, which corresponds to this fishing rod.
A 15-kilogram marine rod should be used with a fishing line with a breaking force of 15 kilograms. This classification corresponds to the system that IGFA compiled to register the records of caught fish on different fishing lines with a breaking force of 1 kilogram to 60 kilograms.
Marine rods are made of fiberglass or graphite. Combinations of these two materials (composite) can also be used. The most commonly used material is fiberglass. The ideal length of the marine rod is 170 – 240 centimeters. When fishing in a boat, to make it more convenient to fight a large fish, it is better to use a standing rod. Fishing for a pirk or a jig requires a strong rod. Not too long, especially when fishing in deep water.
Fishing with bait near the bottom requires a longer and soft form. Rods are of different types – slow, medium and fast. Most fishermen prefer a rod with a slow system for easy sea fishing. This rod is easy to manage and fight with fish.
The marine rod consists of several parts: an emphasis, a handle, a reel holder, a front handle and access rings. Some rods have a coupling in the middle section, while others are connected in the handle.
There are two main types of reel: classic reel and a multiplier with a star or lever. Reel serves for light sea bottom fishing, catching spinning and trolling not large fish species. Weak points of its design, is the presence of several transmission axes and a small capacity of a large diameter fishing line. The multiplier has a “star” type of brake, like the reel Pernn Senator, or a lever like the reel Pernn International.
The main difference is that the “star” brake consists of several brake discs. The discs press against each other when the clutch is activated. In the lever system, the brake functions like one large disk, which transmits all the brake force. The linkage design has a reel brake disc of a much larger size than the “star” wheel, therefore more durable. It is more expensive to replace it, but it also lasts much longer. Passes the braking more evenly and gently.
The lever friction is activated like a clutch with a handle that is both traction and compression. Reel with a star has separate drives for connecting or detaching the reel bobbin.
Gear for sea fishing is classified from super light (class 6 pounds) to heavy (class 130 pounds). On the right is a light tackle class 20, in the center – very light class 12, both with a multiplier with a star. On the left is an average light tackle of class 50 with lever reel.
What type of reel to choose depends on the type of fishing and the type of fish you are going to catch.
Trolling reel is done only by lever type. Bottom flooring can be implemented with both types of reel. But it is preferable with reel, the spool of which is made of artificial materials, and not of metal, which makes the whole structure heavy.
A small marine reel can be equipped with a laying line, for better placement of fishing lines on the spool. Marine reel are classified in classes from 1/0 to 16/0 and according to specifications, 12.20, 30, 50.80 or 130 pounds. In the usual sea fishing for small fish, many fishermen use gear 6 – 30 pounds. If necessary, 50 pounds. The best size is reel for easy bottom fishing from 1/0 to 4/0. Reel have different gear ratios – from 1: 2.5 (normal) to 1: 3.8 (high speed). Having a reel with a high gear ratio, it’s harder to fight fish.
Cord and fishing line
The nylon line was started to be used by marine anglers after the end of the Second World War. Before the war, vegetable lines were widely used, but the nylon lines replaced them. Nowadays, the most common are fishing lines made from mono nylon thread and synthetic weaving, cords and cord.
Nylon fishing line made from monofilament is especially popular. Due to its cheapness and enough strength. It does not bend and has a high resistance to tearing. The drawbacks of the nylon line are that it can easily be damaged. Also, its high elasticity at the same time as linear stretching is 20-30%. In addition, it loses some of its strength when it is in the water. Resistance to rupture is reduced by exposure to strong sunlight.
Nylon lines are transparent, colored or fluorescent. The latter type offers us an excellent control of the lines when trolling. Some lines are certified for the guaranteed tensile strength indicated on the package. For example, 20, 50 or 80 pounds. These fishing lines are used in fishing tournaments. The cost of such scaffolds is usually slightly higher than that of non-certified ones.
Dacron fishing line is woven like a hollow pipe. It stretches no more than 10%. Do not lose in the resistance to break at high humidity. More firm in knots, than a line from a nylon monofilament. It has in fact the same diameter as the nylon fishing line. When it is spinning, the air inside is under pressure.
Cords are divided into a cord with a lead core, solid or stranded, having 7 or 49 veins. Also for the presence or absence of a nylon coating. In sea fishing, cords, fishing lines and other gear should be tied and connected simply and efficiently. The general rule: the number of nodes should be no more than absolutely necessary.
Single-core cord is used as a fishing line for stationary spinning or when fishing in deep-water strong currents. It has a high net weight, good flow resistance and no linear elongation. The drawbacks include the difficulty of correctly winding the reel on the spool and a fairly easy break in the case of a loop.
This cord is only for fishermen professionals. The stranded cord is used mainly for fishing with a downrigger. A cord with a lead core is made of a solid lead vein placed in a wicker covering. It is used for deep sea trolling.