Trout fishing is a symbol of sport fishing in general. So, this is characterized by fishing without hesitation or qualification. It does not matter which of the salmon will be caught - salmon, sea and brown trout, rainbow trout and grayling. They all have in common excellent swimmers, perseverance and strength in the struggle with the fisherman and have an extraordinary beauty.
River trout and rainbow trout have an amazing ability to adapt to their environment. Sometimes they do it so fast that even the ichthyologists clutching his head. The debate among scientists about the types of trout takes the comic arguments - for example, some argue that the marine and lake trout come from the river.
Others argue the opposite, that the migration of these species takes place, on the contrary - from the sea to the river. Periodically, first one and then another group of scientists temporarily win the dispute. And this is because the trout is very well adapted to the conditions of existence and change their habits quickly.
The reason for the controversy is, of course, salmon comprise 9 genera with 35 species. In Europe alone, except trout species can be found several different genera of salmon family which currently exist.
For fishermen, however, the scientific debate is not so important; the main thing is to know your subject in fishing. Below are the characteristics of salmon in general, for river trout, rainbow trout and grayling, because fishing on these species is not much different from each other. Fishing gear, fishing methods and bait also not much different. The only thing that is different in different species of trout fishing is the weight and size of the fish caught.
This difference is the size of the stream and the flow forces, which inhabits trout, as well as the amount of food. In addition, if the chemical composition of the water is acidic, slower growing trout. Ideally suited for her water with low acidity. And so, we begin to understand that this is not really a coincidence that trout reached large-sized rivers, which begin with a karts spring.
Here, however, there is another explanation, except alkaline water - a constant temperature. It is very important for the trout, because, apart from the fact that this fish likes cold mountain water, trout still does not tolerate sudden changes in temperatures.
If this happens, the trout is no longer there, and the great changes in water temperature can get a temperature shock and death. Karts streams have nearly constant temperature throughout the year. This explains not only why the best trout-breeding farms have been built on karts springs. In practice, the length of the dwelling trout in mountain streams rarely exceeds 20-30 cm, and weight rarely exceeds one kilogram. With a larger pool or reservoir with plenty of food are possible meeting with trout up to 5 kg.
Trout is one of the fastest fish in our waters - swimming speed of the fish can reach 40-50 km / h her head is solid, large mouth and strong jaws with sharp small teeth. The eyes are large, golden color. Recently in the UK we have found trout with red eyes, so one new species was still pending. In trout fins harmoniously located and well developed, particularly powerful are the tail fin, which fish can protrude high above the water.
Typically, that little fat salmon fins, which are located between the dorsal and caudal fins. Scales from tiny trout and its coloration varies greatly depending on the environment and even the prevailing power that can change the color of the flesh of fish, from white to pink. Our trout color can be described as a golden-brown, olive, gray - bronze, and sometimes quite gray.
With age comes a darkening. On the back and abdomen fish "clogged" with small spots and dots. They can be red, orange, black and brown. Often it is seen in red spots and blue halo. In the water, trout sparkles in all colors of the rainbow, but after the harvest, the air quickly fades.
River, rainbow and sea trout feed exclusively on animal organisms. And they do it so eagerly that every insect is not safe to be near the surface and in the water itself, if where the nearby hunting trout. The larvae of insects, flying insects, beetles, worms, caddis flies, minnows, small fish, fry most trout, frogs, mice - all these attacks and can be eaten by trout.
Bait and lures for trout
When fishing for trout, is strictly prohibited the use of natural caviar. This means that all other types of live bait are permitted, including special synthetic or imitation caviar in the form of vitamin A capsules and fish oil.
In early spring, after the end of the ban on trout fishing during the spawning season, this species is well caught on maggots and manure worm. Do not give up on other trout bait your suggestion - larvae, caddis flies, worms, flying insects, flies, bees, fireflies, small fish with elongated body. Of these fishes is the best bait common minnow, which rarely reaches a length of 8-10 cm. It is a natural food of trout, because he lives with her in the cold river area and Small Mountain streams. As well caught trout on fish such as the trout, gudgeon, bleak and other small fish with a narrow body.
When the temperature of the water and the air is not very hot, trout are very active and fiercely attacking every living organism. Trout is insatiable and is always lying in wait to attack. Therefore, you can safely offer her artificial flies, baits and different simulation aquatic and flying insects and larvae. It explains the rules for the number of fish caught per trip. This protection is necessary, and trout can be caught only one tackle with one hook.
Regardless of the debate on the question of what the best bait for trout fishing, many anglers tend still to spinners with a round ball. It seems that the vibration is still very important for the aggressive fish. Trout in the river is strictly protects its territory from intruders and invaders. They often attack the glowing lure is a self-defense action, not in pursuit of food. This explains the remarkable efficacy of shiny lures at any time, even in the days when the overcast. Lures and should not be ignored, especially if you want to catch a fish with a considerable size.
Like all fishing for trout, attention is directed to lure flying insects on which trout is very active.
In winter fishing, with the exception of can be used micro spinners. Good trout winter bite on small fish oil capsules that mimic the eggs. Sometimes one or two pearls from fish oil are serious impetus, firstly, because the fish willingly eats the eggs of their own species, and secondly, because the smell of the fish oil is felt from afar.
Fishing for trout fishing
The choice of fishing tackle for trout fishing depends on where we are going to catch a fish on a river or pond. If we fish for trout in a lake or pond, we may need to telescopic rod 4-5 meters of the middle class with a good and safe coil. For river fishing because of the inevitable passage through the coastal shrubs handy compact rod, and best of all spinning. Many anglers fishing for trout in the rivers is used only fly rod (fly fishing).
Being on the river and the creek in search of trout, it is not recommended to carry a watch, bracelets and other shiny objects. His glare from the sun, they scare the trout as the fish can see it from afar. For spinning fishing on the pond and the same fishing gear lakes. Just trolling for trout is better to use a short two tribe’s rod from 1.80 to 2.30 meters, especially if he has a sensitive tip. Lures for catching trout used small, from 4 to 15 g Trout Hunters generally work with №0, №1 and №2 rarely.
It is best spinners, but can be applied to small crank baits; 3-5 cm. artificial fly is used frequently to knit themselves. Flies are different for dry and sinking. The line for fishing tackle for trout in the range of 0.16 to 0.18, hooks only excellent quality from №10 to №6. For special winter fishing gear is not required.
Methods for trout fishing
The classic way of trout fishing on the float rod can be used in a quiet part of the Mountain Rivers or streams. An ideal place for trout fishing, it is the opposite side of the rocky shore of the river. The bait is thrown upstream and rafting, trout lurking near the floats. And, as a rule, having a line of your presence here is going bite.
When trout fishing on the feeder can be used over rough tackles. Thickness from 0.20 to 0.28, but leashes need finer 0,16-0,14 hook №8 and №5. When fishing with spinning is better to use not sinking braided line (network), gray or dark green 0.16 - 0.18 thick. As for catching whitefish, many anglers use a "method Drazhkovicha" - fishing on dead fish.
Trout bite is sharp and strong. The attack in the rapid river and then the subsequent flight to refuge. Even in lakes and ponds, this scenario is repeated, trout, following an attack on the lure directly with mining rushes in his refuge.
When trout fishing on the feeder bite is expressed by one or two strong taps directly into the top of the gear. This is mainly in the troubled waters when the vigilance of suspicious fish blunted. In clear waters, trout approach can give the fishing line or cord vibration. The trout fishing in the feeding trough, visible bite strong bending of the rod tip. At this point and it is necessary to strike a fish. On the float rod trout finds its bite, pulling the float, sinking his or driving fast towards. More often, however, the float in the water disappears without any notice.
The resistance of the fish begins at the moment of capture bait. The usual reaction is a powerful jerk down, but there are surprises, in which fish goes straight up and comes out of the water, trying to be released from the hook. Usually, when pulling a trout, you can immediately understand how to be a hard fight. Most importantly, all the time not to rush and constantly keep the fish straight line and under a favorable angle of the rod.
Sometimes the typical two or three jump trout does in a moment of despair, as a last attempt to get rid of the hook, and then the power of fish resistance is markedly reduced. Just before the bank, especially if he's a tough, should not be forced, because the fish is often trying to stay behind a rock, and if it is strong pull or you can simply break the line, or break the tip of the rod.
Trout fishing in the winter
As winter began fishing for trout
Who did not catch trout in the winter, cannot understand the gleam in the eyes of the fisherman at the mere mention of this fish. It is impossible to describe in simple words the experience during this exciting ice fishing for trout. Severe frosts in January helped to shape the ice is thick enough. The rest depends on your desire and fishing gear.
Over the years, trout fishing was conducted only in the warmer months. In winter catch was impossible. Trout seem to be left downstream.
But there were ponds, which were full of rainbow trout and trout our modern going from there, from abroad, where the trout pond was withdrawn before it began to breed here. She is not afraid to increase the temperature of the water reservoir and pollution. Another not unimportant that this trout is omnivorous and can also be caught on winter fishing. On many trout ponds in the winter it is quite active during the cold season.
Winter bait for trout
If you go without a bait to catch trout in the winter, you risk not only did not catch, but you will not see even a bite. On the Internet, the main bait for trout is mentioned only natural salmon caviar, but today it is an unnecessary luxury, and her fish for trout is prohibited in some countries. Caviar, is no worse than natural, it can be made from ordinary eggs.
How to prepare bait for trout?
Mix the desired number of eggs in a bowl and mix with milk, preparing the mixture for the omelets. Gently stirring, pour in the heated pan without oil. Stir occasionally, until the liquid has evaporated. You can then start preparing the other components. Cool to 50-60 degrees 1/3 part to make an omelet. Some fishermen collect crayfish and crabs in the summer, then they are frozen. And if necessary, they are milled to a powder that can be added to the bait for trout.
The next component of the bait for trout, shrimp and squid. They passed through a meat grinder and added to an omelet.
Another unusual ingredient for many anglers - canned herring. Fat and salt herring, trout adores. Why trout inexplicably loves salt, nobody knows. For taste shrimp can be cooked in salted water. Herring grind in a meat grinder and mix with the whole mass.
And finally, just not quite a traditional ingredient for winter fishing - the usual canned corn. The fluid was poured from the jar and milled grains and added to a mixture of raw materials.
The mixture should be coarse fraction components. The task to keep the trout baits around the wells and cause it to catch the bait, but not saturated.
The resulting bait placed in a plastic bag and leave overnight in the refrigerator. In the morning, put it in a thermos with a wide neck to be free to take the bait by hand. During the night the bait will be riddled with flavors and ingredients is smooth on the palate. This bait has a great advantage. If you have prepared a lot of bait, do not need to throw away the rest after fishing. Unused in a plastic bag put in the freezer, where it can be stored for about a month. Then he begins to lose its flavor.
This is the main part of the winter bait for trout. Its composition is not a dogma. Experiment by adding new components and luck will always be on your side.
Bait for trout in the winter
cooked shrimp can be used for bait. They can also be used raw, but many fishermen say that boiled shrimp are more attractive to trout. There are several ways to use shrimp. Total shrimp to use on the hook or in part? Some anglers are advised to keep an open point of the hook, so that when biting trout quickly spotted. But, according to experienced anglers, this should not be done, especially when used on winter fishing. Trout are very cautious and shy fish, and as soon as feel the hook in the bait, immediately throw it. Therefore, in the case of an empty bite.
Modern hooks and sharp enough to easily pass through the tail of the shrimp. Therefore it is better that the tip was hidden.
Good results on winter fishing can be obtained from the worms as bait. How to use them singly or beam, it does not matter. Trout bite equally. If the worm on the hook and corn, may increase the number of bites. Failed to use only canned corn as bait. It is rather a summer variant.
If the lake or pond has a large trout can be used live bait 4-5 cm, or a large number of larvae. But the results will be modest.
Trout fishing rules in winter
All species of trout is very cautious. The noise from the drilling of wells, and the sound of steps on the ice - all this may scare the trout fishing from your site. We must not forget the shadow of fishing, which may also not like trout. The depth of the fishery should be at least 2.5-4.5 m. When choosing a place for fishing, do not forget another rule.
The older the ice, the less oxygen regime. Fish looking places rich in oxygen. Even trout does not remain permanently in one place, even if the lure of her constantly. The most promising areas are the confluence of the rivers and streams to ponds and lakes.
Pay special attention to the old wells. Through them while catching someone's done in the water of oxygen and trout may remember this place, especially if she'd found herself more and nutrition. Even if these wells are filled lots of bait, it does not matter, maybe even better. The water is cold and the bait does not spoil as fast as in the summer. Trout Pond omnivorous, winter is almost always hungry, so that the old wells are promising.
When you decide to come again and again to this place, pour over a quarter of a jar of corn in each well. This will lead to the fact that the trout will always come back here to eat 1-2 grains.
And one more thing, which refers to thermos. This is necessary to avoid freezing the bait. If it freezes, it forms large pieces and no guarantee that the fish can be tempted by a big lump of bait. The bait should be uniform, and it is easy to get through the wide mouth thermos. Not frozen bait falls to the bottom of the small particles that do not saturate especially trout, but to attract and retain it in your hole. Then the catch is guaranteed.
How to drill wells and trout fishing tactics in winter
You can perform the following actions: 6 wells in a circle with a diameter of 4 meters and the seventh hole in the center. After 5-10 minutes of fishing lure and games, a little bait to all wells. For winter fishing for trout does not require any sophisticated fishing gear - fishing rod with a reel, fishing line wound, the length of 15-20 meters, diameter of line does not matter, but it is better more subtle hooks for catching bream and roach and a small weight of the load. With this snap the bait does not fall immediately, but goes down slowly. If there is minimal movement of water, the bait begins to play on the bottom gives fish the illusion of a living being, which increases the number of approaches and trout bites.
Culinary quality trout
Artificially bred trout has nothing to do with her wild sister. The color of the meat depends on the acidity of the water and the prevailing natural food. It is creamy or white or pink, like salmon.
A small trout is better to dip into the batter for pancakes, not rolled in bread crumbs or flour. Large fish can bake, cook on the grill, but better still directly on wooden coals. The largest specimens of trout are best to smoke. Then the meat becomes a delicacy, as well as smoked salmon. Trout Caviar big to 4 mm in diameter. Crude is pale yellow, but after salting becomes a characteristic red-orange color and resembles salmon roe, which is considered a delicacy.