Walleye is Europe's largest freshwater fish perch family. He is the main representative of this kind, though, and looks more like a pike. His body perfectly folded for quick movement in different water layers. Walleye their way of life is in small packs, and in contrast to perch kept away from the shore. He is one of the most precious and economically important European freshwater fish.
The main color of walleye gray, with shades of yellowish and greenish tones, with a dark back and a white belly. On the sides of several dark vertical bands which fade with increasing size of the fish. On the dorsal fin dark rows of dots and the tail fin have small black spots. In the oral cavity walleye can be found between the teeth more teeth, known as the "fangs".
At walleye have night vision in complete darkness; he sees well, thanks to the reflective layer of pigment in the eyes, this effect is also called "glass eye". His prey perch sees even in very low light.
In some countries, pike-perch is also called "pike", although both species have nothing in common. In England it is called "pikeperch", while in the Netherlands "snoekbaars" - are both translated as a "pike".
Puberty perch reaches the age of 3-5 years. Males tend to mature a year earlier. Spawning occurs from April to May - June at a water temperature of 10-15 degrees Celsius in the shallow water and clean sandy or slightly overgrown bays. The number of eggs, which lays a female, is relatively high, it is usually from 40 000 to 900 000 units, based on the weight of the female.
Walleye female over 10 kg, can produce more than a million eggs. Spawning nest guarded by the male until the fry will be printed. The male is very aggressive during spawning, attacking any fish floating not far from the spawning nest, attacking any intruder, including human. This behavior is sometimes used by poachers for the illegal production of walleye.
The young walleye eats aquatic invertebrates and fish fry, and then proceeds exclusively on fish food only. Adult perch prefer small fish, and some of them in one day, consumes tens of fish. Nevertheless, he is able to hunt and large prey. Sometimes pike specializes in one type of food, and other fish species and sizes may be temporarily abandoned. Walleye grows more slowly than the pike, but this, of course, is relative. Much depends on the conditions in which the perch is. One year old perch can be from 10 to 25 cm. In the small lakes and rivers, most of these fish grow more slowly than in large reservoirs. Maximum age of walleye is about 15 years.
Walleye is one of the most popular types of sport fishing. For some, it is notorious Walleye caution and surprises, but for most fishermen, walleye fishing is popular for its high quality meat. This leads to the fact that poaching is flourishing everywhere in the pursuit of this kind.
Where to look for walleye. Places where walleye lives
The results showed that the perches are very mobile and travel many kilometers to reach the place of feeding. They also move vertically in the water, depending on the oxygen concentration, water temperature and light penetration.
Trophy walleye fishing is more relevant in large bodies of water than in shallow lakes. In large bodies of water walleye population is booming, as more food, more living space and less pressure on the part of fishermen.
Large lakes and rivers provide plenty of food, open space and a better environmental situation.
Big walleye specimens extremely careful if they hear or feel something unusual, they stop feeding and go into the depths. When the water level is on the rise, catching walleye from shore may be the most productive method for fishing. With the constant rise of water in the river, pike will move along the coastline. At this time, it is best to catch walleye on spinners. In June, it is necessary to look for walleye in the bays and shallows where pike is going to spawn.
In July, walleye gradually transferred to the wider water and then waiting for the prey in shallow water, open lake, on the steps of the underwater slopes and at depth - especially in hot weather. During the summer, most of the walleye bites occur before sunset, when twilight begins. On the morning of perch caught well before sunrise, from 3 to 5 hours. Around midnight, the fish takes the best on the water surface. In the summer better to catch walleye at a depth of 2-6 meters. In late summer you can enjoy exciting fishing with spinning on the walleye.
Catching walleye in spring
In the spring after spawning is necessary to look for walleye in the shallows. There they are fed intensively, gathering strength after spawning. May be all day, because of the small spring sun angle, which has little effect on their sensitive eyes. But it is mainly the female walleye, males continue to protect spawning nest. They go from him only after the juvenile.
A few weeks after spawning large females are recovering and are beginning to be caught well, but they are difficult to find because they are scattered over a large area. You can accidentally catch large pike-perch, but no more than one at this point. Your chances of finding a concentration of large pike will increase significantly after they concentrate in their typical deep summer places. The best time for catching walleye begins 5 weeks after spawning and usually lasts two to three weeks. Spring is known to be a time when fishing conditions are constantly changing. The faster you adapt to the changes, the better it will be caught perch, and thus will be more significant catches.
Catching walleye in the summer
In the summer, after the water temperature increases, and the light from the sun has a greater effect on their eyes, walleye out in deeper water (4 to 7 meters) for the whole day. However, while reducing the amount of light in the early morning and in the evening (dusk) walleye begins to move in shallow areas. He finds submerged trees, natural sediment soil, all kinds of shelters, and waits in ambush their prey. Here in these places it is necessary to catch walleye in the summer.
In the deep northern lakes, the low temperature of the water remains for a long time, which is acceptable for big pike throughout the summer. If pike can find boulders or other shelter to provide shade from the sun, on a relatively small field, he can spend the summer at a depth of 4 meters or less. In these lakes, most of the fish is too deep. Large pike are extremely cautious, especially in clean water. During the summer, walleye caught mostly around snags, on the edge and near a natural shelter.
Catching walleye in autumn
The autumn perches will move less, as the surface temperature begins to cool. Lowering the solar line, closer to the horizon, allows walleye again to eat during the day. Late in the fall walleye fishing is unpredictable, most of the time on a fishing trip is to find perch, but if you find them, good catch is provided to you.
Most of the big pike, caught in the late fall are female. This is because they have to eat hard, for the formation of caviar for the spring spawning. Females should consume food than males, six times as much. When the cold perch still continues to eat. Only this time, they have organized small flocks and hunt together. Catching walleye autumn still interesting because if you find a pack, a good idea can catch.
Catching walleye in winter
In winter, ice-fishing many big pike can be caught during first ice. In shallow lakes walleye bite can last from 3 to 4 weeks. Also better to catch in the deep lakes walleye on the ice first, and then a good bite will continue in the mid and late winter. Since the pike prefers low pressure and more diffused light, it is better to catch walleye in winter at dawn and dusk, and not at noon. Dark overcast winter days, the best time of walleye fishing.
If you found the buzz catch ability point during the summer, there is a good chance that you will find fanged there in the winter. In winter, perch are constantly moving, but he has a permanent route. This so-called buzz trails. Knowing the places where the walleye runs constantly, and estimated time, many anglers are arranged in such places.
Time catching walleye
The best time is at night walleye. At night perch goes to a depth of 2-3 meters, where it is usually hidden behind a ground formations (stones, roots, etc.), and, hiding in ambush, waiting for prey. Pike are known to have fastidious nutritional habits, but often they are caught in the lure, even large size. The most common and practical to catch walleye live bait.
Pike perch are schooling fish, if you have found one, next will be others. Most often they are dispersed throughout the structural elements of the bottom, such as piled inside turns, elevation lines and artificial barriers.
Lures for pike-perch
The best bait for walleye is a live fish 6-12 cm. fishing with live bait for walleye is used when fishing on mugs, float rod and winter. In the spring it is best to use bait minnows and small chub. Summer is good bleak, gudgeon, perched and other fish with a narrow torso.
Artificial lures are used for catching walleye at depth. It is best to use
Baits with the characteristic aggressive action, the size of 9-13 cm. The colors are mainly attracts walleye in combinations of green with yellow and red, red and gold colors, a perch. The dark waters of bright neon colors are the most effective. For more transparent bait water, can be used with a blue and purple, simulating the back of the fish. Hunting for large specimens requires large wobblers 13-18 cm.
In autumn it is best to use two colors: matt silver with blue accents and aquamarine, sometimes with a red accent. Rubber bait has a length of 10 cm. Color silicone baits must be chosen in accordance with the color of the surrounding environment and living in the place fish food walleye. As practice has shown, it is necessary to try all possible combinations of colors. If after 3-5 postings No walleye bite, bait color should be changed. Very effective use of bait attractants impregnated with pheromones. The use of attractant pheromone wounded and frightened fish walleye catching efficiency increases by several times.
Walleye fishing live bait with a sliding sinker
Walleye fishing live bait is the preferred method of fishing. Applying the method of fishing with a sliding sinker, we eliminate at the time of the attack walleye lures resistance. Pike are known, mainly attacking the victim at the time of lifting from the bottom or a top. As soon as he feels resistance, he immediately throws the bait. Sliding sinker eliminates resistance, and when the bait hits perch, he did not feel extraction resistance, floats some distance, to turn it into the mouth.
Sliding sinker system consists of three components, a hook, a sinker olive, with a hole along the entire length and stop. They can be purchased in advance at most fishing stores, or you can make your own version. When you threw the bait, sinker quickly pulls her to the bottom. It does not create resistance in the moment of capture perch bait.
Georgia is the most important component; it must be heavy enough to quickly bring the bait to the bottom. Most anglers use oval or flat sinkers. Of course, it is better to use a conical, in the vegetation, they are the best and do not cling. For the hooks, the smaller the size, the better - the size of the tee is 6-8 at the time.
Catching walleye on spinners
Fishing with spinners for perch is one of the oldest methods of catching perch. Now a large variety of lures. Preference should be given to those that mimic the movement of small fish. The predominant colors of silvery tones that mimic the bleak, perched and other similar fish. Well-behaved introduced himself MERRS Company called spinners Aglia, Aglia Long and Somef or model, similar to them. Also nice perch caught on small lures. Colors should be chosen on the state of water clarity. The opacity of the water, the bait must be brighter.
Catching walleye trolling in
Trolling on the perch was and still is an effective way of catching trophy fish, especially in unfamiliar waters. Trolling allows you to cover a lot of water in minimal time. Today, for catching walleye trolling at various options are offered bait presentation.
The first and most common mistake anglers - the noise, whether lowering the anchor, outboard motor, running on the spot where you want to fish, the occasional knock on the boat while fishing or drilling holes in the ice. For efficient fishing, especially pike perch in trolling, it is best to use a boat with an electric motor and lower the anchor with extreme caution and only when necessary. Do not forget the big pike are very careful fish. At the slightest noise, he quickly goes into the depth and during the day cannot go hunting.
Catching walleye in rivers
Throughout statistics catch perch; you will see that many of them were caught in rivers. Walleye on the river is an excellent choice and catching it spoils for two reasons, one: the river do not have the pressure of fishermen and fishing pressure as lakes, secondly, on the rivers do not have such a strong change in water temperatures, and oxygen balance is much better. If you are going to go to the river to catch walleye, there are two major factors to increase your catch. We must be aware of the flow rate and water level fluctuations and how they both affect the eating behavior of pike-perch.
In developing the strategy walleye fishing in the rivers, you can reduce the number of segments of the rivers because of too strong currents. Pike perch suffer for some, but rarely do you find them in fast water, they require a certain type of flow, the presence of islands, piers, large rock formations and boulders, trees or sunken. It is important to accommodate the river valleys, and to find the structure of the fish downstream along the border between the standing and moving water. In such places perch spends all his time on vacation, sometimes leaving it to search for food.
Other successful places are dams or other barriers to treatment, which form vortices, provide current breaks for lower and for the upper reaches. Many anglers do not realize this and try to catch a walleye on the open course. The bays and deep holes are also good for the detection and walleye on the river.
Catching walleye in lakes
There are good and the best times for walleye fishing in the rivers, the most experienced anglers prefer to catch walleye in lakes. If the lake water is clear, the place of dislocation walleye is very predictable; it is concentrated in well-known locations. Raising the water level of the winter thaw or heavy rain, the lake can also be successful for catching walleye. Pike during this period often move to find food, looking for the warmest places. It may be at a depth, as long as the water does not rise or stabilized. Once they feel that the level has risen, will move to more shallow water to feed. Almost all of the methods and tactics of walleye on the river, and will work well for catching walleye in lakes.