Winter trout fishing is not very developed in many countries, but many fishermen have mastered this type of fishing. Perhaps the fishermen confuse the idea of winter trout fishing. Search and catch it in the cold weather, deep snow. In winter, the river plains where the summer comes trout, usually covered with ice, and catching them is difficult or simply unimaginable.
Mountain rivers, usually not freeze due to the high flow velocity, especially if they have a lot of springs. Rivers foothills will freeze only in the lowlands, where the flow rate is less than the water and slowly cooled. Trout had to adapt to the winter regime of rivers and streams. Catch her in this place can be in the winter.
Trout usually spawn from October to December. Catching it is prohibited at that point. When preparing to spawn, trout migrate from the large rivers in small rivers and streams. As a rule, it goes on spawning directly in the river or stream, where she was born.
After spawning trout part of the small rivers and streams slipping downstream. In larger rivers and lakes, where it winters. The second part is over-winter in the small rivers, accumulating near the springs, in deep water, under waterfalls. During the summer, find a place next winter trout hard enough. But you can, if properly explore the river and to know where the main springs. In winter, these areas can be seen.
Winter trout fishing on the river will be successful where there are springs. Nearby springs on the banks of snow virtually none. Near the coast is often visible green algae on the rocks, as the water temperature in these places are usually around + 4 ... + 6 ° C, and sometimes even 7 ° C in springs.
At this moment trout feeds on insect larvae that live in the water under the rocks. Large individuals can hunt for small fish. The nature of trout in the winter is much different than in the summer. Now it is less energetic, because of the low temperature of the water all metabolic processes in the body slows down, eats less, the food it needs even less.
In the summer of trout it is very difficult or almost impossible to see, even in pure water. She hides under rocks, fallen trees in the water and in other shelters. If it's trouble, then so quickly flees, what to see in the water the fish flashed in power only a very experienced eye. In winter, it moves much slower.
Quite often, you can watch how it is on the river bottom or moving slowly to the other shore or shelter. In winter, the water in the rivers cleaner. Trout perfectly sees everything that happens on the beach. Because all movements angler should be very careful, otherwise you may scare the fish.
Winter parking trout
In small rivers trout winter in the deep places, where many springs and the water temperature is highest than in the mainstream. At this point and it is necessary to fish for trout in the winter. To find these places is a necessary tool thermometer. For this purpose, suitable special fishing thermometer in shock-proof case.
Fisherman, moving along the river and periodically measuring with the water temperature, it has the opportunity to go to the springs. Because as you get closer to him the water temperature increases. In particular may be useful thermometer to unknown areas, when fisherman is no relevant data on the wintering grounds of trout.
The large high-water rivers and trout must look at the deepest places. In the pits, under waterfalls, near the confluence of the small rivers and springs. Here the fish and winters. Since at a depth near the bottom, the water temperature is higher than on the surface or in the shallows.
High in the mountains to trout fishing should not go in the winter. It is not safe: the avalanche, the deep snow, and so on. Secondly, there is trout usually doing not hibernate as some snow and glacier water is very cold and the food is not enough.
Tackles and tips for trout
For trout fishing in the winter, you can use telescopic rods 4-6 m in length. They are easy to fold, which is very comfortable when you have to wade through deep snow in the woods, in the gorges and quickly given to a working state. In winter, the water in the rivers clear and trout inactive, because better to apply a thin, colorless fishing line with a diameter of 0.15-0.20 mm.
At low flow and shallow wells to catch more practical with a float, by adjusting the slope in this manner, to head swam near the bottom. Trout usually enough sharply drown and float. Be sure to have to disguise them and throw from behind cover (shrubs, stones). In large rivers, trout takes a very neat and almost imperceptibly.
Profit for trout in winter is usually the caddis flies, amphipods, insect larvae, which can be found under rocks on the river bottom. Of course, to make it very difficult, as is required in the cold bare handles to climb into the water, raise the stones, looking for tips. Therefore, one should think about in advance bait.
Not bad attachments for winter trout fishing are considered to live or dead fish. The bait should not be very large, 20-40 mm. Wear small fish can or worm, or to withdraw the sting of the hook through the abdomen or the back. At the same time it is necessary to hide the sting. If the fish is large, it can be cut into parts and each part separately sticks.
The experiment demonstrates that the best trout caught on the tail. So how to catch small fish it does not always work, you can use frozen or salted pilchards. You just cut it into pieces, because trout small mouth and swallow it whole pilchards cannot. In winter, the situation for the trout fishing on dead fish even better than in the summer. Since cold weather fish or parts thereof do not deteriorate throughout fishing.
Beat in trout usually sudden. We must strike quickly or sneak trout bait. Very good packing for winter fishing is considered trout roe or other salmonids. Salty caviar perfectly kept on the hook. True to catch the eggs is hard enough as it quickly flies off the hook when they hit the rocks.
To prevent such a nozzle, it is possible to hook to put on a piece of foam, and then to spawn. In this case, the foam will act as a shock absorber. It is appropriate to apply the foam to the hook when fishing for trout and insect larvae.
Weather and trout activity
Trout are usually caught early in the morning or late at night when visibility is reduced and the fish behaves braver. In winter day, a small, but the fishermen need in the morning to walk a few kilometers to go to the fishing spot. At the end of the day you need to leave time for the return journey. Therefore, practically there is only the middle part of the short winter day, when you can fish for trout.
But not all that bad in the winter. At this time, the weather is usually cloudy; the sun appears from time to time, which is great for trout fishing. In cloudy weather, the fish behaves calmly. When it snows, trout frightened, especially in smaller rivers. In this weather, fishing is better not to go, so as to go on loose snow and hard rocks are very slippery.
Safety when fishing for trout in the winter
In winter trout fishing requires a high attention in terms of security. To hike to the fishing has been successful; you need to follow specific rules. In the winter trout fishing does not have to go alone. In the winter a lot of snow in gorges, because it is usually not visible obstacles in the form of rocks and fallen trees. You can just fall, tuck or injure his leg. If no one is near, it is life-threatening.
To move to the springs should be in the snow, often very deep. It's hard, because it is usually necessary to go to the fishing boots. Going ahead quickly tired, and needs to be replaced. So, changing places, as soon as possible to get to a good place. The route should be identified in advance, in order to clearly identify and drive time (there and back) and fishing time. Since excellent place for trout fishing can be one or the other side, often have to cross the river and springs.
On the one hand, the winter water in the rivers is not much, and it simplifies the crossing. On the other side of the snow and ice significantly complicate it on the rocks. In crossing the river need to be very careful, because the slippery rocks in the river. The flow even at small depths prevents maintain stability and knocked down.
It is important to choose a place for the crossing. The best way to cross the river in a wide and shallow place, and where the river splits into several branches. Here and flow rate are usually smaller, and a little depth. When the crossing is advisable to use a strong stick in order to have an additional foothold.
In any case, it is necessary to take along extra clothes; sealed in plastic bags to a fall in the water it is not soaked. Sometimes, at the shore of the river in areas with weak ice over there, which is usually covered by a layer of snow? Do not go on the ice, or a move on it.
There is always the danger of falling, and falling into the cold water, the more so in places deep. Preferably, they get around on the beach. Moving on is not very large rivers, it is necessary to keep the channel.
Around snow water is always less or not at all. The gorges have to be careful, avoiding the rocks and ledges of snow. They are especially dangerous closer to spring. When from the sun and the snow melts from the small tremors may fall fishing.
Fishing Clothes for winter fishing should be warm, but in moderation. Good to have warmed jackets and backpack sweater or warm vest. When you move to the fishing grounds and back in deep snow when the angler hot enough to completely coat. While fishing, while less energy is necessary to wear a sweater. These simple techniques often allow avoiding many troubles during the winter trout fishing on the river.